A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL SILVER

The characteristic traits of a people are reflected in the quality of their art, and so it is with the history of the early Scotch silversmiths. The austerity and simple tastes of the Scotchman are brought to notice by the work of the early craftsmen. The majority of silver articles made were definitely for practical use, rather than for purposes of decoration. Most of the early Scotch silver was used in churches, or else in the gentle art of drinking.
It is interesting to note that in the earliest days of silversmithing in Scotland, it was the general custom for the client to bring his own silver or gold to the craftsman to be wrought at his order.
Most of Provincial silver wasn't presented for hallmarking to Edinburgh or Glasgow Assay Offices and silver was marked only with the maker's initial and a punch usually inspired to the town symbol.
In this way the customer avoided to pay the Duty reimposed in 1784 and silversmith's work was much less costly. As such there is much more Town marked plate than Duty marked by Provincial silversmiths for the period up to 1860.



map of Scotland
ABERDEEN     ARBROATH>     BALLATER     BANFF     CANONGATE     CUPAR     DUMFRIES<     DUNDEE     ELGIN     ELLON     FOCHABERS     FORRES     GREENOCK     INVERNESS     IONA     MONTROSE     OBAN     PAISLEY     PERTH     PETERHEAD     ST.ANDREWS     STONEHAVEN     TAIN     WICK    

THE DIRECTORY OF SCOTTISH PROVINCIAL SILVERSMITHS
A         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
A
William Jamieson
Aberdeen
A&ID
A & J Dalziel (possibly)
Dumfries
A&JS
Alexander & John Smith
Aberdeen
AB
Adam Burgess
Dumfries
A.B
Adam Burgess
Dumfries
AC
A.Craw
Canongate
AC
Alexander Cunningham
Dumfries
AC
Alexander Cameron
Dundee
AC
Alexander Campbell (possibly)
Greenock
AC
Alexander Cameron
Perth
AD
Andrew Davidson
Arbroath
AD
Andrew Davidson
Dundee
A.D
Andrew Davidson
Dumfries
A.D
Alexander Dallas
Inverness
AF
Alexander Forbes
Aberdeen
A.F.D
Alexander F. Dalgleish
Perth
AG
Alexander Grant
Aberdeen
A.G
Alexander Galloway
Aberdeen
A.G
Alexander Glenny
Canongate
A.G
Alexander Glenny
Stonehaven
AI
Alexander Johnston
Dundee
AK
Alexander King
Peterhead
AL
Alexander Lindsay
Dundee
AM
Alexander Mollison
Aberdeen
.
Alexander Mollison (Aberdeen) mark, c. 1844-1847 (courtesy Robert Massart)
.
B         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
B
William or George Jamieson
Aberdeen
B
Adam Burgess
Dumfries
BL
Benjamin Lumsden II
Aberdeen
B.L
Benjamin Lumsden I
Aberdeen
C         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
C BRUCE
C.Bruce
Peterhead
C&H
W.Craw & Janes Hill
Canongate
CA
Coline Allen
Aberdeen
CAC
Colin A. Campbell
Inverness
CAM ERON
Alexander Cameron
Dundee
CD
Charles Dickson I
Dundee
CD
Charles Dickson II
Dundee
CF
Charles Fowler
Elgin
.
William Craw & James Hill (Canongate) mark, c. 1770-1775
.
D         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
D
Andrew Davidson
Arbroath
D
David Manson (possibly)
Dundee
D
Alexander Davidson
Dundee
D&JR
Donaldson & James Riddel
Aberdeen
DAVID
David MacGregor
Perth
DC
David Coutts
Dumfries
DD
David Dunlop
Canongate
D.D
David Dunlop
Canongate
D . D
Daniel Dewar
Perth
DE
David Elder
Banff
DF
David Ferguson
Inverness
DF
Donald Fraser
Inverness
DF
Donald Fraser
Wick
D.F
Donald Fraser
Inverness
DG
David Gray
Dumfries
.
David Gray (Dumfries) mark, c. 1810-1841 (courtesy Robert Massart)
.
E         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
E
James Erskine
Aberdeen
E&Co
E&Co &J Austen
Dundee
E&M
Emslie & Mollison
Aberdeen
E&S
Emslie & Sutherland
Aberdeen
F         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
F&B
Ferguson &MacBean
Inverness
F Bs
J & W Ferguson
Inverness
F BROS
J & W Ferguson
Inverness
G         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
G
David Gray
Dumfries
GA
George Angus
Aberdeen
G.A
George Angus
Peterhead
GB
George Booth
Aberdeen
GB
George Buchanan
Greenock
G.B
George Booth
Aberdeen
GB,AB
George &Alexander Booth
Aberdeen
GC
George Cooper
Aberdeen
GC
Gerge Cunningham
Canongate
GC.C
George C.Constable
Cupar
GC.C
George C.Constable
Dundee
G& CAC
G &C.A.Crichton
Perth
H         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
H
James Harris
Dundee
HARDY
Hardy
Aberdeen
HAY
John Hay
Leith
HC
Hugh Clark
Perth
Heron
John Heron
Greenock
HOGG
John Hogg
Perth
HINCH LIFFE
Joseph W Hinchsliffe
Dumfries
HINCH SLIFF
Mark Hinchsliffe
Dumfries
.
Mark HINCHSLIFFE  mark, c. 1820-1840
.
I         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
I&GH
J & G Heron
Paisley
I&N
Jamieson & Naughton
Inverness
I&P.R
James & Pat Riach
Forres
I&WMc.
J &a,p; P McKenzie
Dundee
IA
John Argo
Banff
IA
John Anderson
Inverness
IA
John Allen
Paisley
I.A
John Allen
Paisley
IB
John Barron
Aberdeen
IB
James Berry (or Begg)
Aberdeen
IB
James Brander
Aberdeen
IB
John Baillie
Inverness
I.B, FB
John Baillie &FB
Inverness
I-C
John Campbell (possibly)
Greenock
IC
John Comfute
Perth
IC
John Clark I
Perth
ID
John Davidson
Aberdeen
ID
James Douglas
Dundee
ID
James Davie
Greenock
IE
John Ewen
Aberdeen
IE
James Erskine
Aberdeen
I.E
James Erskine
Aberdeen
I.ERSKINE
James Erskine
Crieff
IG
James Gordon
Aberdeen
IG
John Glenny
Montrose
IH
James Haxton
Dundee
IH
James Humphrey
Elgin
IH
John Heron
Greenock
.
J&G Heron (Paisley) mark, c. 1800
.
J         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
J&N
Jamieson & Naughton
Inverness
JA
James Abercrombie
Aberdeen
JA
John Allen
Aberdeen
JA
John Argo
Banff
JA
John Austen
Dundee
J.ADAIR
John Adair
Dumfries
JAMcN
John & Archie McNab
Perth
JB
James Barron
Aberdeen
JB
James Brander
Aberdeen
JB
James Berry
Aberdeen
JB
James Begg
Aberdeen
JB
James Burrell
Greenock
J.B
James Begg
Aberdeen
J.B
John Blair
Dundee
J.B.
James Begg
Aberdeen
JC
John Clarck
Greenock
J.C
John Cumming
Banff
J.C
J. Cumming
Keith
JD
John Duncan
Aberdeen
JD
James Douglas
Dundee
JE
James Erskine
Aberdeen
JE
Erskine &Byers (possibly)
Aberdeen
J.E
James Erskine
Aberdeen
J.E.
James Erskine
Aberdeen
JF
John Findley
Aberdeen
JF
James Ferguson
Inverness
JF
John Fraser
Inverness
JG
John Garder
Aberdeen
JG
J.Glenny
Montrose
JH
James Hardy
Aberdeen
JH
James Halliday
Dumfries
JH
James Harris
Dundee
JH
John Heron
Greenock
JI
James Johnstone
Dumfries
J.I
James Johnstone
Dumfries
JJ
James Johnson
Perth
JL
John Leslie
Aberdeen
JL
James Law
Aberdeen
JL
James Leslie
Elgin
.
James Morrison (Fochabers) mark, c. 1840 (courtesy Robert Massart)
.
K         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
KS
Keith Sim
Inverness
L         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
L
John Leslie
Aberdeen
LAW
James Law
Aberdeen
M         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
M
Thomas Moncrur
Aberdeen
M
John McQueen
Banff
M
William MacLean
Inverness
MACKAY
James R MacKay
Elgin
M & C
Medlock & Craik
Inverness
MACGREGOR
David MacGregor
Pertk
MC
Matthew Colquhoun
Ayr
McK & C
MacKenzie Bros
Inverness
McQ
John McQueen
Banff
MEDLOCK
Arthur Medlock
Inverness
MEDLOCK
Medlock & Craik
Inverness
MF
Michael Forrest
Canongate
N         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
N
Nathaniel Gillet
Aberdeen
NG
Nathaniel Gillet
Aberdeen
N.G
Nathaniel Gillet
Aberdeen
P         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
PC
Peter Crombie
Aberdeen
PC
Peter Cuthbertson
Canongate
PG
Peter Gill
Aberdeen
PG
Patrick Gairden
St.Andrews
P:G
Patrick Gordon
Banff
PG & SON
Peter Gill & Son
Aberdeen
PGW
Peter G. Wilson
Inverness
P.G.WILSON
Peter G. Wilson
Inverness
.
Peter Ross (Aberdeen) mark, c. 1819-1822 (courtesy Robert Massart)
.
R         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
R
Peter Ross
Aberdeen
R
M.Rettie
Aberdeen
R
Robert Robertson
Cupar
R
Thomas Ramsay
Perth
R&:CO
Rattray & Co
Dundee
R and RK
Robert Keay & Son
Perth
R&RK
Robert Keay & Son
Perth
R & RK
Robert Keay & Son
Perth
R&S
Rettie & Son
Aberdeen
RA
Robert Anderson
Inverness
RATTRAY
Rattray & Co
Dundee
RC
Robert Cruikshank
Aberdeen
R.C.
Robert Cruikshank
Aberdeen
RCS
Robert C Stephen
Dundee
RD
Robert Dickson II
Dundee
RD
Robert Donaldson
Dundee
RD
Robert Dickson II
Dundee
RE
Robert Elphinstone
Inverness
RG
Robert Gairdyne
Dundee
RG
Robert Gairdine
Perth
RG
Robert Greig
Dundee
RG
Robert Greig
Perth
.
M. RETTIE  (Aberdeen) mark, c. 1824-1891 (courtesy Robert Massart)
.
S         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
S
Simpson &Co
Banff
S
Wm Scott elder
Aberdeen
SCOTT
John Scott
Perth
T         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
TB
Thomas Borthwick
Inverness
TB
John Lindsay & TB (possibly)
St.Andrews (possibly)
TD
Thomas Dall
Dundee
TD
Thomas Davie
Creenock
TD
Thomas Dall
Perth
TF
Thomas Forbes
Banff
T.I
Thomas Johnston
Montrose
TL
Thomas Lindsay
Dundee
.
Thomas Stewart (Elgin) mark, c. 1813
.
U         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
U
John Urquhart
Dundee
V         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
VM
Walter Melville
Aberdeen
VS
William Scott I
Aberdeen
VS
William Scott I
Banff
W         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
W
George Walker
Aberdeen
W
Walter Leighton (possibly)
Dundee
WALKER
James Walker
Aberdeen
WB
William Brand
Aberdeen
WB
William Byres
Aberdeen
WB
Erskine&Byers (possibly)
Aberdeen
WBT
William B Taylor
Inverness
WC
William Craw
Canongate
WC
William Constable
Dundee
WC
William Cxlarke
Greenock
WD
W Dunningham & Co
Aberdeen
WF
William Fillan
Aberdeen
WF
William S Fergusson
Forres
WF
William S Ferguson
Elgin
WF
William S Ferguson
Peterhead
WH
William Hannay
Paisley
WHYTOCK
Peter Whytock
Dundee
WI
William Inness
Tain
W.I
William Inness
Tain
W.I.
William Inness
Tain
WJ
William Jamieson
Aberdeen
WJ&Co
William Jamieson & Co
Aberdeen
WK
William Kermath
Dundee
WL
Walter Leighton (possibly)
Dundee
WL
William Livingston
Elgin
WL
William Lindsay
Montrose
.
William Mill (Montrose) mark, c. 1811-1820 (courtesy Robert Massart)
.
A         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
AM
Alexander Miller
Montrose
AM
A.Murray
Perth
AMcL
Alexander MacLeod
Inverness
AML
Alexander MacLeod
Inverness
AMR
Alexander MacRae
Inverness
AR
A.Ritchie
Iona
AR
Alexander Ross
Dingwall (possibly)
A.R
A.Ritchie
Iona
A.R
Alexander Ross
Dingwall (possibly)
ARB
Alan Roy Baillie
Inverness
ARB
Alan Roy Baillie
Tain
AS
Alexander Shirras
Banff
AS
Alexander Smith
Dundee
AS
Alexander Stewart
Inverness
AS
Alexander Stewart
Tain
A.S
Alexander Shirras
Banff
A.S
Alexander Stewart
Inverness
A.S
Alexander Stewart
Tain
AT
Alexander Thompson
Aberdeen
A.R.REID
A.T. Reid
St. Andrews
AUS TEN
John Austen
Dundee
Austen
Austen Snr (possibly)
Dundee
A.W
Andrew Wilkie
Dundee
AY
Archibald Young
Dundee
.
Andrew Davidson (Arbroath) mark, c. 1835-1850 (courtesy Robert Massar)
.
B         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
BL
Benjamin Lumsden
Montrose
BL
Benjamin Lumsden I
Montrose
B.L
Benjamin Lumsden I
Montrose
.
.
.
C         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
CJ
Charles Jamieson
Inverness
C.J
Charles Jamieson
Inverness
CM
Colin Mitchell
Canongate
CM
Charles Murray
Perth
CR
Colin Robertson
Aberdeen
CR
Colin Richardson
Perth
CT
Charles Tocheti
Aberdeen
.
.
.
.
Charles Bruce mark, c. 1880
.
D         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
DG
David Greig
Perth
DI
David Izat
Aberdeen
DI
David Izat
Banff
D.I
David Izat
Banff
DL
David Lyon
Montrose
DM
David Manson
Dundee
DM
David MacGregor
Perth
DMcL
Daniel McLean
Perth
DMK
Donald MacKenzie
Inverness
DMK
Wm Mason & Donald MacKenzie
Inverness
DOUGLAS
James Douglas
Dundee
DP
David Pirie
Aberdeen
D.P
David Pirie
Aberdeen
DS
Douglas Scott
Tain
.
.
.
.
Donald Fraser (Inverness) mark, c. 1804
.
E         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
EL
Edward Livingstone
Dundee
EW
Ewan Wilson
Leith (possibly)
EW
Ewan Wilson
Perth
EWEN
John Ewan
Aberdeen
F         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
F&M
Ferguson & MacBean
Inverness
FF&M
Fraser, Ferguson &MacBean
Inverness
.
.
.
G         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
GE
George Elder
Banff
GE
George Elder (Banff)
Elgin
GEO.A.MUIR
George A.Muir
Brechin
GJ
George Jamieson
Aberdeen
GJ and S
George Jamieson & Son
Aberdeen
GL
George Law
Perth
GR
George Robertson
Aberdeen
GR
George Ritchie
Arbroath
GRANT
Grant of Huntley
Huntley
GS
George Sangster
Aberdeen
GW
George Walker
Aberdeen
G:Z
George Ziegler
Canongate
H         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
HINCHSLIFFE
Marck Hinchsliffe
Dumfries
HM
Henry Mouncie
Dumfries
HM
H. Medlock
Inverness
HR
Hugh Ross
Tain
H.R
Hugh Ross
Tain
HR conjoined
Hugh Ross
Tain
HSA
H.S. Adams
Dundee
HW
HW & J Lindsay
St. Andrews (possibly)
.
Hugh Ross (Tain) mark, c. 1725-1740
.
I         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
IH
John Hogg
Perth
II
I Johnston
Dundee
II
Linsey Luke (possibly)
Paisley
III
J. Sheriffs
Montrose
IJ
James Ivory
Dundee
IK
John Keith
Banff
IL
James Law
Aberdeen
IL
John Leslie
Aberdeen
IL
CR&J.Lindsay (possibly)
St.Andrews (possibly)
IL
HW&J.Lindsay (possibly)
St.Andrews (possibly)
IL
John .Lindsay (possibly)
St.Andrews (possibly)
I.L
John Leslie
Aberdeen
IM
John Mackie
Ellon
IO
James Osborne
Dundee
IO
James Orr
Greenock
I.O'D
I.O'D & A Rollo
Dundee
IP
Joseph Pearson
Dumfries
IP
John Pringle
Perth
I.P
John Pringle
Perth
IPR
James & Pat Riach
Forres
IR
James Robertson
Perth
I.R
John Robertson
Canongate
IS
John Steven
Dundee
IS
James Smith
Perth
IS
John Scott
Perth
IT
James Taylor
Greenock
IW
James Wildgoose
Paisley
I WR
John Walker
Inverness
.
James Orr (Greenock) mark, c. 1815-1825
.
J         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
JM
John Mckenzie (possibly)
Dumfries
JM
James Mills
Dundee
J.M
John Mackie
Ellon
J.M
James Morrison
Fochabers
JMcI
J.McIver (possibly)
Fochabers
J.McI
J.McIver (possibly)
Fochabers
J.Mc.R
John MacRae
Inverness
JMR
John MacRae
Inverness
JO
Joseph Onions (possibly)
Dundee
JoE
John Ewan
Aberdeen
JOE
John Ewan
Tain
JOHNCHRISTIE
John Christie
Stirling
JORAILLY
John o'Railly
Dumfries
JP
James Pirie
Aberdeen
JP
Joseph Pozzie
Elgin
JP
J.Pozzie & RR
Elgin
JP
J.Pozzie & R.Stewart
Elgin
JR
James Rettie
Aberdeen
JR
James Robertson
Aberdeen
JS
James Smith
Aberdeen
JS
John Stewart (possibly)
Dumfries
JS
James Sturrock (possibly)
Dundee
JS
John Sellar
Elgin
JS
James Sturrock (possibly)
Montrose
JS
John Scott
Perth
JS
James Stobie
Perth
JS
John Sellar
Tain
JS
John Sellar
Wick
J.S
John Sutherland
Aberdeen
J.S
James Sime
Elgin
JTM
James T MacKay
Elgin
JU
John Urquhart
Perth
JW
James Walker
Aberdeen
JW
James Wildgoose
Aberdeen
JW
James Wright
Perth
J.W
James Walker
Aberdeen
J WALKER
John Walker
Aberdeen
JY
James Yule
Dumfries
.
.
.
.
John Sellar (Wick) mark, c. 1830
.
K         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
KS
Keith Sim
Tain
L         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
LINDSAY
R.Lindsay
Oban
LN
unidentified
Perth
M         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
MH
Mark Hinchsliffe
Dumfries
MILNE
Milne
Aberdeen
M.J
Naughton & MacLeod
Inverness
MK
Simon McKenzie
Inverness
M'LEAN
William MacLean
Dumfries
MR
Simon MacKenzie
Inverness
MR
Alex McRae II
Inverness
M.RETTIE
M.Rettie & Son
Aberdeen
MUIR
George A Muir
Brechin
MUNRO
Munro
Perth
MZ
Michael Zeigler
Canongate
.
.
.
N         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
NH
Nathaniel Hunter
Greenock
NR
Nathaniel Rae
Aberdeen
.
.
.
P         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
PH
Patrick Hannay
Paisley
PL
Peter Lambert
Berwick
PL
Peter Lambert
Aberdeen
PL
Peter Lambert
Dundee
PL
Peter Lambert
Montrose
PR
Peter Ross
Aberdeen
PS
Peter Spalding
Canongate
PS
Patrick Scott
Banff
.
Peter Gill (Aberdeen)  mark, c.  1783-1812  (courtesy Robert Massart)
.
R         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
RH
Robert Harris
Dundee
RH
Robert Hendrie
Forres
RI
Robert Inness
Inverness
RK
Robert Keay
Perth
RK
Robert Keay II
Perth
R.K
Robert Kerr
Canongate
RL
R.Lindsay
Oban
RMc
Robert McGregor
Perth
RMcG
Robert MacGregor
Dundee
RMcG
Robert McGregor
Elgin
RMcG
Robert McGregor
Perth
RMcG
Magdalene McGregor
Perth
RMcG
McGregor&Lindsay (possibly)
St.Andrews (possibly)
RN
Robert Naughten
Elgin
RN
Robert Naughten
Inverness
RN
Robert Naughten II
Inverness
ROBB
William Robb
Ballater
RR
Robert Robertson
Cupar
RS
Robert Stewart
Forres
RW
Robert Wildgoose
Aberdeen
RW
Richard M.Wilkie
Tain
R.W
Richard M.Wilkie
Tain
.
Robert Robertson (Cupar) mark, c. 1815-1857
.
S         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
S.D
Samuel Dickson
Dumfries
S.L
Scott & Livingstone
Dundee
.
.
.
T         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
TLB
Thomas Lumsden Brown
Cupar
TM
Thomas Moncur
Aberdeen
TR
Thomas Ramsay
Perth
TS
Thomas Stewart
Elgin
TS
Thomas Stewart
Inverness
TS
Thomas Shannon
Dundee
T.S
Thomas Stewart
Dundee
T.S
Thomas Shannon
Dundee
.
SHANNON Thomas (Dundee)  mark, c. 1866 (courtesy Robert Massart)
.
U         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
URQUHART
John Urquhart
Perth
V         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
VS
William Scott II
Banff
VS
William Scott II
Elgin
.
.
.
W         MARK
SILVERSMITH
TOWN
WM
Walter Melville
Aberdeen
WM
Walter Millar
Dundee
WM
William Mason
Inverness
WM
William Munro
Inverness
WM
William Mill
Montrose
WM & DMcK
W.Mason & D McK
Inverness
WMcM
Wm McMaster
Greenock
WMK
William McKenzie
Inverness
WR
William Robb
Ballater
WR
William Ritchie
Perth
W.R
William Robb
Ballater
W.R.C
William Reid Christie
Inverness
WS
William Scott
Aberdeen
WS
William Spalding
Aberdeen
WS
William Simpson I
Banff
WS
William Simpson II
Banff
WS
William Scott
Dundee
WS
William Scott II
Dundee
WS
William Smith
Elgin
WS
William Smith
Peterhead
W.S
William Scott
Perth
WS, JS
W.Simpson & JS
Banff
WW
William Whitecross
Aberdeen
W.W
William Whitecross
Aberdeen
WY
William Young & Charles Murray
Dundee
WY
William Young
Dundee
.
William Simpson I (Banff) mark, c. 1830
.

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