HALLMARKS OF AUSTRIAN SILVER
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF AUSTRIA AND AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
- 1781 - 1921 -

created by Giorgio B. owner of
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This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, silver marking system and silver hallmarks guide, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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Ottoman expansion shifted the Hungarian kingdom under the rule of the Habsburg emperors and after the conclusion of the Great Turkish War the whole of Hungary became part of the Habsburg Monarchy. Following the nationalist uprisings of 1848, the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 elevated Hungary's status by the creation of a joint monarchy with the Austrian Empire, ruled in personal union as Austria-Hungary by the Austrian emperors during 1867-1918.
Until 1867 the fineness of Austrian silver was indicated in "loth" (12 loth corresponding to 750/1000, 13 loth = 812/1000, 14 loth = 875/1000, 15 loth = 937/1000). An alphabetic symbol (in some cases accompanied by a number) identified the town control office.
From 1867 the silver fineness was indicated by a number beside "Diana head": 1=950/1000 - 2=900/1000 - 3=800/1000 -4=750/1000
In 1872 the alphanumeric code identifying the town was reinstated inside the "Diana" mark.

hallmark Vienna 1780
hallmark Vienna 1783
hallmark Vienna 1790
hallmark Vienna 1792
hallmark Vienna 1795
hallmark Vienna 1795
hallmark Vienna 1806
1780
1783
1790
1792
1795
1795
1806

In 1806 Emperor of Austria issued a manifesto providing for taxation and duties on gold and silver. A new mark (Repunzierung) was introduced as acknowledgement of receipt of paid taxes.
The Assay Office code were: A Vienna, B Prague, C Salzburg, D Lemberg, E Cracow, F Brunn, G Linz, H Graz, I Klagenfurt, K Leibach, L Trieste.

Austria: 'Repunzierung' hallmark Graz
Austria: 'Repunzierung' hallmark Graz

The obligatory re-marking of old articles was abolished on August 1, 1807. Only new objects had to be marked with a hallmark and a re-mark (Repunze). Objects missing of the re-mark were confiscated.

On December 19, 1809, the patent for the delivery of silver was issued by the respective authorities in order to fight the indebtedness of the state resulting from the war against France. Except small objects like spoons (table cutlery), watch cases, etc. all silverware had to be delivered to the recent installed redemption offices. Only if the metal could be paid for by the owner in conventional money or silver it wasn't subject to this regulation. In such cases the object was marked with the monogram "FR". As only few large gold and silver smiths could afford to pay such a tax, a large number of silver objects of historic and high artistic value were melted down.
The mark "TF" was used for ecclesiastical silver not subject to delivery to the authority (taxfreistempel).

Austria: 'taxfreistempel' hallmark Vienna Austria: 'taxfreistempel' hallmark  Graz Austria: 'taxfreistempel' hallmark Brno Austria: 'taxfreistempel' hallmark Prague
hallmark Vienna 1807
hallmark Vienna 1813
hallmark Vienna 1814
hallmark Vienna 1819
1807
1813
1814
1819
Austria: 1790 hallmark Austria: Vienna hallmark before 1867 Austria: Vienna hallmark before 1867 Austria: St.Polten hallmark before 1867 Austria: Prague hallmark before 1867 Austria: 1832 hallmark Austria: Brno hallmark before 1867 Austria: Graz hallmark before 1867 Austria: Trieste hallmark before 1867 Austria: Munkács hallmark before 1867 Austria: unidentified town hallmark before 1867

TOWN IDENTIFICATION LETTER FROM 1807:
A=Vienna - A2=Sankt Pölten - B=Prague - C=Salzburg - D=Lemberg/Lwow - D2=Stanislau/Stanislawow (1807-1824) - D2=Reichshof/Rzeszow (1824-1866) E=Cracovia (1807-1809) - E=Hall (1824-1866) - E2=Trient/Trento (1814-1866) - F=Brno - G=Linz (Lienz) - H=Graz - I=Klagenfurt - K=Ljubljana/Laibach - L=Triest/Trieste - M=Munkács (1820-1850) - V=Venezia/Venedig (1805-1810) and unidentified (after 1810)

hallmark from 1867
hallmark from 1867
hallmark from 1867
hallmark from 1867
hallmark from 1867
1867
1867
1867
1867
1867
(small pieces)
'Diana Head' hallmark 1867/1872 'Diana Head' hallmark 1867/1872 Austria small works hallmark 1867/1872 'Diana Head' hallmark 1867/1872 and town code P


hallmark from 1872 to 1918
hallmark from 1872 to 1918
hallmark from 1872 to 1918
hallmark from 1872 to 1918
hallmark from 1872 to 1918
hallmark from 1872 to 1918
1872
950/1000
1872
900/1000
1872
800/1000
1872
750/1000
1872
(small pieces)
1872
(small pieces)
'Diana Head' hallmark 'Diana Head' Vienna hallmark 'Diana Head' Vienna  hallmark 'Diana Head' Linz  hallmark 'Diana Head' L'viv/Lemberg  hallmark 'Diana Head' Prague  hallmark 'Diana Head' Pest  hallmark 'Diana Head' hallmark 'Diana Head' hallmark small items hallmark small items hallmark

TOWN IDENTIFICATION LETTER FROM 1867 ("Diana" and "Import marks" 1872-1901 and 1902-1921).
1867-1872 town code in a separate punch. 1872-1922 code within "Diana head" mark or "small pieces" mark:

A=Vienna (1867-1922) - B=Linz/Lintz (1867-1922) - C=Prag/Prague (1867-1922) - D=Brno/Brunn (1867-1872) - E=Krakow/Cracau (1867-1920) - F=L'viv/Lemberg (1867-1920) - G=Graz (1867-1922) - H=Hall (1867-1872) - H=Bregenz (1872-1922) - K=Klagenfurt (1867-1872) - L=Ljubljana/Laibach (1872-1922) - M=Trieste/Triest (1867-1922) - N=Zadar - P=Budapest/Pest (1867-1872) - R=Kassa/Kosice/Kaschau (1867-1872) - T=Temeschwar/Timisoara/Temesvar (1867-1872) - U=Alba Julia/Gyulafehervar/Karlsburg (1867-1872) - V=Zagreb/Aram (1867-1872)

Various other combined letter/number town codes identified control offices in Austria (from A to N) and Hungary (from P to V):
A1=Wr. Neustadt (1867-1922) - A2=St. Pölten (1867-1922) - A3=Waidhofen a.d. Ybbs (1867-1922) - A4=Ybbs (1867-1872) - A5=Krems a.d. Donau (1872-1922) - A6=Brno/Brunn (1872-1921) - A7=Jihlava/Iglau (1872-1921) - A8=Olomouc/Olmutz (1872-1921) - A9=Bruntal/Freudemthal (1872-1921) - A10=Opava/Troppau (1872-1921) - A11=Teschen (1872-1921) - B1=Steyr (1867-1922) - B2=Ried (1867-1922) - B3=Braunau am Inn (1867-1922) - B4=Salzburg (1867-1922) - B5=Ischl (1872-1923) - C1=Liberec/Reichenberg (1867-1922) - C2=Teplitz (1867-1922) - C3=Karlsbad/Karlovy Vary (1867-1922) - C4=Plzen/Pilsen (1867-1922) - C5=Budweis (1867-1922) - C6=Czaslau/Caslau (1867-1922) - C7=Cheb/Eger (1872-1922) - D1=Jihlava/Iglau (1867-1872) - D2=Olomouc/Olmutz (1867-1872) - D3=Bruntal/Freudenthal (1867-1872) - D4=Opava/Troppau (1867-1872) - D5=Cieszyn/Teschen (1867-1868) - E1=Biala (1867-1914?) - E2=Bochnia (1867-1914?) - E3=Tarnow (1867-1914?) - E4=Rzeszow/Reischshof (1867-1914?) - E5=Nowy Sacz/Neu-Sandec (1868-1914?) - F1=Przemysl/Peremyshl (1867-1914?) - F2=Ivano-Frankivsk/Stamislav (1867-1914?) - F3=Brody (1867-1914?) - F4=Ternopol/Tarnopol (1867-1914?) - F5=Chernivtsi/Czernowitz (1867-1914?) - F6=Brzeziny/Brsesan (1867-1914?) - F7=Drohobych/Drohobycz (1867-1914?) - G1=Maribor/Marburg (1867-1922) - G2=Klagenfurt (1872-1922) - G3=Ljubljana/Laibach (1872-1922) - H1=Bregenz (1867-1872) - H1=Innsbruck (1872-1922) - H2=Bolzano/Bozen (1867-1922) - H3=Trento/Trient (1867-1922) - M1=Gorizia/Gorz (1867-1922) - M2=Rovinj/Rovigno (1867-1922) - M3=Zadar/Zara (1872-1919) - M4=Split/Spalato (1872-1919) - M5=Dubrovnik/Ragusa (1872-1919) - M6=Piran/Pirano (1872-1922) - M7=Kotor/Cattaro (1872-1922) - M8=Sibenek/Sebenico (1872-1922) - M9=Pula/Pola (1872-1922) - N=Zadar/Zara (1867-1867) - N1=Split/Spalato (1867-1872) - N2=Dubrovnik/Ragusa (1867-1872) - P1=Eger/Erlau (1867-1872) - P2=Selmecbanya/Banska Stiavmica/Schemnitz (1867-1872) - P3=Besztercebanya/Banska Bistrica/Neusohl (1867-1872) - P4=Pozsony/Bratislava/Pressburg (1867-1872) - P5=Geor/Gyor/Raab (1867-1872) - P6=Sopron/Ödenburg (1867-1872) - P7=Pecs/Funfkitchen (1867-1872) - P8=Sombor/Zombor (1867-1872) - P9=Sgeged/Szegedin (1867-1872) - R1=Eperjes/Presov/Eperies (1867-1872) - R2=Baia Mare/Nagy-Banya (1867-1872) - R3=Carei/Nagy-Karoly (1867-1872) - R4=Debrecen/Debreczin (1867-1872) - R5=Oradea/Grosswardein (1867-1872) - T2=Novi Sad/Neusatz (1867-1872) - T3=Arad (1867-1872) - T4=Pancevo/Pancsova/Pantschowa (1867-1872) - U1=Kolozsvar Cluj/Cluj-Napoca/Klausenburg (1867-1872) - U2=Bezterce/Bistrita/Bistrirz (1867-1872) - U3=Tirgu Mures/Maros-Vasarely (1867-1872) - U4=Nagyzsrbrn/Hermannstadt (1867-1872) - V1=Osijek/Esseg (1867-1872) - V2=Rijeka/Fiume (1867-1872)

IMPORT MARKS 1872-1901 and 1902-1921:

Austria-Hungary silver hallmarks: import marks  1868-1872 Austria-Hungary silver hallmarks: import marks  1872-1902, town of Pest Austria-Hungary silver hallmarks: import marks  1902-1937, town of Pest
Austria Import mark 1872-1902 Austria Import mark 1872-19021 Austria Import mark 1872-19021 Import mark 1901-1921 Import mark 1901-1921



ASSAY OFFICE CONTROL MARK 1867-1872

Assay Office control mark Vienna 1867-1872

REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA MARKS FROM 1922 UNTIL PRESENT


LISTING OF VIENNA SILVERSMITHS
ALPHABETICAL LISTING A BA
BH
BI
BZ
C D E F G HA
HH
HI
HZ
I J KA
KN
KO
KZ
L M N O P Q R SA
SD
SE
SZ
T U V W X Y Z

AUSTRIAN SILVER MARKS

Vienna 1853: silversmith Stephan Mayerhofer & Carl Klinkosch Wiern 1853: silversmith Stephan Mayerhofer & Carl Klinkosch
Vienna 1853: silversmith Stephan Mayerhofer & Carl Klinkosch
ref: Neuwirth/Wiener Gold-und Silberschmiede und ihre Punzen 1822-1850 vol. II page 212
Vienna, 1864: silversmith osef Gedlitzka Vienna, 1864: silversmith Josef Gedlitzka
Vienna, 1864: silversmith Josef Gedlitzka
ref: Neuwirth/Wiener Gold-und Silberschmiede und ihre Punzen 1850-1866 vol. III page 138
Vienna 1848: Meister Schifer
Vienna 1848: Meister Schifere
ref: Rosenberg/Der Goldschmiede Merkzeichen IV No.7861
Vienna, c. 1905: Silberwarenfabrik Alexander Sturm
Vienna, c. 1905: Silberwarenfabrik Alexander Sturm
ref: Divis/Markenzeichen auf Silber, page 125,
Neuwirth/Wiener Gold-und Silberschmiede 1867-1922 vol. II page 239


Hermann Ratzersdorfer: active Vienna, 1843-1881 Hermann Ratzersdorfer: active Vienna, 1843-1881 Hermann Ratzersdorfer: active Vienna, 1843-1881 Hermann Ratzersdorfer: active Vienna, 1843-1881 Hermann Ratzersdorfer: active Vienna, 1843-1881 (MAK-Vienna)
Hermann Ratzersdorfer: active Vienna, 1843-1881. Hermann Ratzersdorfer was born in 1817 and raised in Pressburg, Austria (Bratislava now, the capital of Slovakia). His father Salomon was a dealer in true antiquities and Hermann moved at the beginning of the forties to Vienna. Soon found it more lucrative to imitate rare pieces, instead of searching out and carefully picking originals, and he established such a factory, the first of its kind in Austria. On December 14, 1843 he started his business and registered his own maker’s mark certifying his recognition as a master silversmith.Two years later he showed his workmanship at the Viennese Trade Exhibition,1845. He exhibited also at the London Exhibition of 1851, the Paris Exhibition of 1855 (where he won a 2nd class medal), the London Exhibition of 1871 and the 1873 Exhibition in Vienna
He retired in 1881, having turned his business over to his son Julius
(for these information I'm in debt with the wide article about Hermann Ratzersdorfer written by Jayne W. Dye and Karin Sixl-Daniell for ASCAS web site)
Oscar Julius Dietrich: active Vienna, 1881-1924 Oscar Julius Dietrich: active Vienna, 1881-1924 Oscar Julius Dietrich: active Vienna, 1881-1924
Oscar Julius Dietrich (1853-1940): active in Vienna, 1881-1924
Partecipated in the Exhibition in Paris in 1900 and 1925. Executed designs by Franz Delavilla, Emanuel Josef Margold, Dagobert Peche and the architects Hans Bolek and A.O. Holub. The workshop closed in 1931
Vincenz Carl Dub: active Vienna, 1886-1924 Vincenz Carl Dub: active Vienna, 1886-1924 Vincenz Carl Dub: active Vienna, 1886-1924
Vincenz Carl Dub: active Vienna, 1886-1924 (b. 1852 - d. 1924)


Eduard Friedman: active Vienna, 1881-1919 Eduard Friedman: active Vienna, 1881-1919 Eduard Friedman: active Vienna, 1881-1919
Eduard Friedman: active Vienna, 1881-1919
Executed designs by Rudolf Karger, Milla Weltmann, and by the architects Hans Bolek, Philippe Hauser, Emanuel Josef Margold and Otto Prutscher.
Georg Adam Scheid: active Vienna from 1862 Georg Adam Scheid: active Vienna from 1862 Georg Adam Scheid: active Vienna from 1862
Georg Adam Scheid: active Vienna from 1862
Silversmith and jeweller famous for high-quality enamelling. Executed designs by Koloman Moser
Wiener Werkstatte: active Vienna 1903 - 1932 Wiener Werkstatte: active Vienna 1903 - 1932 Wiener Werkstatte: active Vienna 1903 - 1932
Wiener Werkstatte: active Vienna 1903 - 1932
Designers for Vienna Workshop were Carl Otto Czeschka, Josef Hoffmann, Koloman Moser, Dagobert Peche, Otto Prutscher and Eduard Josef Wimmer-Wisgrill. Silversmiths with a maker's monogram were Josef Berger, Adolf Erbrich, Augustin Grotzbach, Josef Hossfeld, Josef Husnik, Josef Czech, Karl Kallert, Alfred Mayer, Anton Pribit, Eugen Pflaumer, Karl Ponocny, J. Sedlicky and Josef Wagner.



This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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