A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

RUSSIAN SILVER ARTELS
(KIEV AND KOSTROMA)

The artels in Imperial Russia were semi formal co-operatives in different fields like agriculture, fishing, mining, timber industry and gold/silver smithing. Nowadays they are all forgotten except for the gold/silver artels due to the fine objects they produced and still exsist.
An artel is a factory but the opposite of mass production. It produced unique objects or pieces of art of very high quality. An artel could not have less than 5 owners/attendants. However, you were allowed to hire more people but only for a short limited period. An artel had its own rules and you were obliged to obey them. Everyone working there was collectively liable for all the operations in the artel. You could work in an artel from the age of 17 on.
All known master workshops or artels for silver, gold as well as icons with oklads and enamel cloisonné and guilloché objects towards the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century are listed in these pages, with details of styles used.
The artels' series of numbers is not complete. Until today there is no evidence of the existence of a silver artel carrying any of the following numbers: 10, 16, 17, 19, 21, 24, 27 or 30. Why the series of numbers is incomplete is not known.


KIEV AND KOSTROMA SILVER ARTELS: 1899 - 1917 SILVER MARKS
(text and images by Postnikov and Qrts )
KIEV - KOSTROMA
ARTEL
MARK
YEAR
KNOWN MERCHANDISE
MISCELLANEOUS
KIEV
1st Jeweller and engraving Artel
.
1900-1910
as from 1905 a part of the Fabergé group
Famous engravings, chains, rings, bracelets, diamond-set articles, dinner service and tableware.
An experimental and artistic artel, which made great success. Traditional gold and silver smithing, jewellery, tableware etc. Gold objects in two colored gold, a Fabergé specialty
Head work master V. Guljakov.
First supplier to Fabergé.
Very famous artel.
Address: Kreshchatik 15 and 25



2nd Artel
2nd Artel Kiev 2KA
1908-1910 (?)
Golden brooches with brilliants.
Scarce information are known about this artel.
Classic and jugend style
1st Co-operative Artel
1st Co-operative artel Kiev (possibly)
After 1908
Cigarette cases for Latvia
Traditional style
(It is unclear whether this artel was located in Kiev or possibly in Kostroma)
KOSTROMA
(1st Artel)
1st Artel Kostroma
1899-1908
Wine goblets.
Scarce information are known about this artel
Traditional style, wine goblets and cigarette cases

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