A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

TOBACCONISTS
PIPE MAKERS
PIPE MOUNTERS
SILVER HALLMARKS

A pipe for tobacco smoking typically consists of a small chamber (the bowl) for the combustion of the tobacco to be smoked and a thin stem (shank) that ends in a mouthpiece (the bit).
The stem needs a long channel of constant position and diameter running through it, and this is difficult to carve out of a pre-existing block. Because it is molded rather than carved, clay may make up the entire pipe or just the bowl, but most other materials have stems made separately and detachable.
Often a silver band is used to connect the bowl to the detachable stem. In the UK, sterling silver spigots (or ferrules) bear Assay Office's hallmarks which allow to date the pipes and obtain information about their maker, mounter or importer.
In most cases these objects weren't presented to hallmarking by silversmiths but by importers, retailers and pipe mounters who were identified in Assay Office's ledgers as "tobacconists", "pipe makers" or "pipe mounters".
The tobacconist is an expert dealer in tobacco in various forms and related accessories as pipes, lighters, matches, pipe cleaners, pipe tampers, ashtrays, cigar cutters or "novelties".
TOBACCONISTS - PIPE MANUFACTURERS - PIPE MOUNTERS
PIPES, TOBACCO, CIGARS AND FANCY GOODS IMPORTERS IN BRITISH ASSAY OFFICES

MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARK: D
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

BIR=Birmingham    CHE=Chester    DUB=Dublin    LON=London
MARK
NAME
ASSAY OFFICE
DATE
TRADE
D & CO into a lozenge
Arthur BAYMAN trading as DAVIES & CO - London
CHE
1914
tobacconist
DF into a rectangle Dora Fresco - London: London c. 1900 hallmark
Dora FRESCO - London Dora Fresco - London: London c. 1900 hallmark
LON
1893
small worker
D.P.P.Co into an oblong rectangle
DAWELLS PATENT PIPE CO. LTD - Liverpool
CHE
1920
tobacco pipe manufacturers and mounters
D.W.A into an oblong chamfered rectangle
David William ALLMAN trading as THE ALLMAN PIPE CO - Manchester
CHE
1903
pipe manufacturer

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