A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

TOBACCONISTS
PIPE MAKERS
PIPE MOUNTERS
SILVER HALLMARKS

A pipe for tobacco smoking typically consists of a small chamber (the bowl) for the combustion of the tobacco to be smoked and a thin stem (shank) that ends in a mouthpiece (the bit).
The stem needs a long channel of constant position and diameter running through it, and this is difficult to carve out of a pre-existing block. Because it is molded rather than carved, clay may make up the entire pipe or just the bowl, but most other materials have stems made separately and detachable.
Often a silver band is used to connect the bowl to the detachable stem. In the UK, sterling silver spigots (or ferrules) bear Assay Office's hallmarks which allow to date the pipes and obtain information about their maker, mounter or importer.
In most cases these objects weren't presented to hallmarking by silversmiths but by importers, retailers and pipe mounters who were identified in Assay Office's ledgers as "tobacconists", "pipe makers" or "pipe mounters".
The tobacconist is an expert dealer in tobacco in various forms and related accessories as pipes, lighters, matches, pipe cleaners, pipe tampers, ashtrays, cigar cutters or "novelties".
TOBACCONISTS - PIPE MANUFACTURERS - PIPE MOUNTERS
PIPES, TOBACCO, CIGARS AND FANCY GOODS IMPORTERS IN BRITISH ASSAY OFFICES

MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARK: G
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

BIR=Birmingham    CHE=Chester    DUB=Dublin    LON=London
MARK
NAME
ASSAY OFFICE
DATE
TRADE
GBD into an oblong oval GBD: London 1910 import hallmark
GBD: founded in 1850 in Paris as Ganneval, Bondier & Donninger GBD pipe: London 1910 import hallmark
.
.
.
G.B. over & over SONS into an oval George BETJENMANN & SONS: London 1909 hallmark
George BETJENMANN & SONS - London George BETJENMANN & SONS -  London
LON
1902
gold and silver worker
G.H.N into an oblong oval
G.H. NASH - Birmingham
BIR
1908
pipe mount maker


G.H.N into three conjoined circles
G.H. NASH - Birmingham
BIR
1909
pipe mount maker
GP into an oval (double)
George POLLARD - Manchester
CHE
1898
tobacconist
GP without outline
George Albert PETERS - London
CHE
1899
pipe mounter
GP into an oval
George POLLARD - Manchester
CHE
1898
tobacconist
GP into a rectangle
George POLLARD - Manchester
CHE
1895
tobacconist
GS over D into a triangle
George SMITH - Dublin
BIR
CHE
1893
1890
pipe merchant
G.W without outline
George WHIRRETT - Scarborough
CHE
1911
tobacconist
G.W into an oval
G. WARD - London
CHE
1912
tobacconist
G W N into three conjoined lozenges
George William NETTLETON - Halifax
CHE
1898
tobacco and pipe manufacturer
G W N without outline
George William NETTLETON - Halifax
CHE
1898
briar pipe manufacturer
G W S over JC without outline SINGLETON & COLE LTD - Birmingham 1914 hallmark
SINGLETON & COLE LTD - Birmingham SINGLETON & COLE LTD - Birmingham
CHE
BIR
1910
.
pipe mounters and dealers

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