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A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

TOBACCONISTS
PIPE MAKERS
PIPE MOUNTERS
SILVER HALLMARKS

A pipe for tobacco smoking typically consists of a small chamber (the bowl) for the combustion of the tobacco to be smoked and a thin stem (shank) that ends in a mouthpiece (the bit).
The stem needs a long channel of constant position and diameter running through it, and this is difficult to carve out of a pre-existing block. Because it is molded rather than carved, clay may make up the entire pipe or just the bowl, but most other materials have stems made separately and detachable.
Often a silver band is used to connect the bowl to the detachable stem. In the UK, sterling silver spigots (or ferrules) bear Assay Office's hallmarks which allow to date the pipes and obtain information about their maker, mounter or importer.
In most cases these objects weren't presented to hallmarking by silversmiths but by importers, retailers and pipe mounters who were identified in Assay Office's ledgers as "tobacconists", "pipe makers" or "pipe mounters".
The tobacconist is an expert dealer in tobacco in various forms and related accessories as pipes, lighters, matches, pipe cleaners, pipe tampers, ashtrays, cigar cutters or "novelties".
TOBACCONISTS - PIPE MANUFACTURERS - PIPE MOUNTERS
PIPES, TOBACCO, CIGARS AND FANCY GOODS IMPORTERS IN BRITISH ASSAY OFFICES

MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARK: G
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

BIR=Birmingham    CHE=Chester    DUB=Dublin    LON=London
  • MARK
    NAME
    ASSAY OFFICE
    DATE
    TRADE
    GBD into an oblong oval GBD: London 1910 import hallmark
    GBD: founded in 1850 in Paris as Ganneval, Bondier & Donninger GBD pipe: London 1910 import hallmark
    .
    .
    .
    G.B. over & over SONS into an oval George BETJENMANN & SONS: London 1909 hallmark
    George BETJENMANN & SONS - London George BETJENMANN & SONS -  London
    LON
    1902
    gold and silver worker
    G.H.N into an oblong oval
    G.H. NASH - Birmingham
    BIR
    1908
    pipe mount maker


    G.H.N into three conjoined circles
    G.H. NASH - Birmingham
    BIR
    1909
    pipe mount maker
    GP into an oval (double)
    George POLLARD - Manchester
    CHE
    1898
    tobacconist
    GP without outline
    George Albert PETERS - London
    CHE
    1899
    pipe mounter
    GP into an oval
    George POLLARD - Manchester
    CHE
    1898
    tobacconist
    GP into a rectangle
    George POLLARD - Manchester
    CHE
    1895
    tobacconist
    GS over D into a triangle
    George SMITH - Dublin
    BIR
    CHE
    1893
    1890
    pipe merchant
    >
    <
    G.W without outline
    George WHIRRETT - Scarborough
    CHE
    1911
    tobacconist
    G.W into an oval
    G. WARD - London
    CHE
    1912
    tobacconist
    G W N into three conjoined lozenges
    George William NETTLETON - Halifax
    CHE
    1898
    tobacco and pipe manufacturer
    G W N without outline
    George William NETTLETON - Halifax
    CHE
    1898
    briar pipe manufacturer
    G W S over JC without outline SINGLETON & COLE LTD - Birmingham 1914 hallmark
    SINGLETON & COLE LTD - Birmingham SINGLETON & COLE LTD - Birmingham
    CHE
    BIR
    1910
    .
    pipe mounters and dealers
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    This is a page of 'The What is? Silver Dictionary' of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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