A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

TOBACCONISTS
PIPE MAKERS
PIPE MOUNTERS
SILVER HALLMARKS

A pipe for tobacco smoking typically consists of a small chamber (the bowl) for the combustion of the tobacco to be smoked and a thin stem (shank) that ends in a mouthpiece (the bit).
The stem needs a long channel of constant position and diameter running through it, and this is difficult to carve out of a pre-existing block. Because it is molded rather than carved, clay may make up the entire pipe or just the bowl, but most other materials have stems made separately and detachable.
Often a silver band is used to connect the bowl to the detachable stem. In the UK, sterling silver spigots (or ferrules) bear Assay Office's hallmarks which allow to date the pipes and obtain information about their maker, mounter or importer.
In most cases these objects weren't presented to hallmarking by silversmiths but by importers, retailers and pipe mounters who were identified in Assay Office's ledgers as "tobacconists", "pipe makers" or "pipe mounters".
The tobacconist is an expert dealer in tobacco in various forms and related accessories as pipes, lighters, matches, pipe cleaners, pipe tampers, ashtrays, cigar cutters or "novelties".
TOBACCONISTS - PIPE MANUFACTURERS - PIPE MOUNTERS
PIPES, TOBACCO, CIGARS AND FANCY GOODS IMPORTERS IN BRITISH ASSAY OFFICES

MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARK: P
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

BIR=Birmingham    CHE=Chester    DUB=Dublin    LON=London
MARK
NAME
ASSAY OFFICE
DATE
TRADE
PMD into an oblong oval
Peter Martin DOYLE - Waterford City - Ireland
BIR
CHE
1890
1891
tobacconist
P&P into a chamfered rectamgle
Arthur Wellesley POYSER Benjamin Alfred PRIVETT trading as POYSER & PRIVETT - London
CHE
1896
pipe mounter


P&R into a rectamgle
Arthur POYSER John Henry ROWLAND trading as POYSER & ROWLAND - Manchester
CHE
1901
pipe mounter
PW into an oval
Peter WALTERS - Stockport
CHE
1899
tobacconist

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