FRENCH SILVERPLATE MARKS
PLATED AND ELECTROPLATED SILVER MARKS OF FRANCE
DOUBLÉ, PLAQUÉE, METAL, METAL BLANC, MÉTAL ARGENTÉ

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Paris 950/1000 Paris 950/1000 warranty Paris (85) Départements 800/1000 Paris 950/1000 large objects fineness 950/1000 FRENCH SILVER HALLMARKS (FROM 1797 TO PRESENT DAYS)
DIRECTORY OF FRENCH SILVERSMITHS HALLMARKS / REPERTOIRE DES ORFEVRES FRANCAIS
AA AH B CA CG D EA EJ F GA GH HA HG I JA JH K LA LH MA MH N O PA PH Q R S T U V W X Y Z



French solid silver is characterized by a series of hallmarks and the presence of the maker's mark in a lozenge/diamond-shaped cartouche.
On plated metal a square or rectangular cartouche is used for maker's mark.

From 1797 the mark of the "métal plaquée", equivalent to British "Old Sheffield Plate", was a square or rectangular cartouche containing:
- the initials of the maker
- the word "DOUBLÉ" or "PLAQUÉE"
- the figure indicating the quantity of silver (optional)
French silverplate mark: doublé French silverplate mark: doublé French silverplate mark: plaqué


From 1860, to differentiate the "métal plaquée" from the "argenture par dépôt électrolytique", equivalent to British EPNS (Electro Plated Nickel Silver), were used square marks containing:
- the initials of the maker and the figure indicating the quantity of silver
French silverplate mark: after 1860


- the initials of the maker, a symbol and the figure indicating the quantity of silver
French silverplate mark after 1860 French silverplate mark after 1860


- the initials of the maker and a symbol accompanied by another cartouche containing the figure of the silver content
French silverplate mark after 1860 French silverplate mark after 1860


Sometimes they are accompanied by additional marks with the inscription "METAL" or "METAL BLANC" (WHITE METAL)
French additional silverplate mark: METAL French additional silverplate mark: METAL BLANC




MÉTAL ARGENTÉ
To strengthen consumer protection, the French Parliament voted on July 1, 1983 a law which reformed the Guarantee and codified the conditions of silver hallmarking. In this context it was decided to measure the thickness of silver deposited on the entire surface and to institute minimum standard thicknesses for silverplate.
The old mark expressed in grams, which is not compulsory, remains in use. Often it indicates silver weights greater than the new imposed standards.
The new square hallmark (applicable from August 1984) therefore guarantees the thickness of the silver layer deposited on the item.
The POINÇON CARRÉ is the official mark for "métal argenté".
It is a square containing:
- I or II, identifying the first or second quality of manufacture
- a symbol identifying the maker
- the initials of the maker
French silverplate mark: POINÇON CARRÉ French silverplate mark: POINÇON CARRÉ

These are the requirements to be allowed to use the "POINÇON CARRÉ" mark and "métal argenté" denomination
French silverplate mark: POINÇON CARRÉ, quality requirements in microns

FRENCH SILVERPLATE MAKERS

French silverplate maker: Boulenger Adolphe Boulenger Adolphe, 4 rue du Vert-Bois, Paris, active 1876-1899
AB and a crescent and four stars/un croissant et quatre étoiles
French silverplate maker: Cardeilhac Amélie Cardeilhac Amélie, 24 place Vendôme, Paris, active 1914-1920
AC and a crowned cross of honor/une croix d'honneur couronnée
French silverplate maker: Debain Alphonse Debain Alphonse, 79 rue du Temple, Paris, active 1883-1911
AD and a woodcock/une bécasse
French silverplate maker: Derivry Auguste French silverplate maker: Derivry Auguste Derivry Auguste, 52 rue de Bondy, Paris, active from 1923
AD and a lion/un lion (the shaking hands is the "poinçon de bonne foi"/good faith mark)
French silverplate maker: Derivry Auguste
French silverplate maker: Frenais Armand French silverplate maker: Frenais Armand Frenais Armand, 77 boulevard Richard-Lenoir, Paris, active 1877-1927
AF and an anchor/une ancre
Succeeded to Franche & Frenais maintaining in early times the old mark next to the "anchor" mark
French silverplate maker: Frenais Armand successors to Franche & Frenais
French silverplate maker: Gudin Adolphe Gudin Adolphe, 1 rue Castex, Paris, active 1920-1922
AG and a bag/une bourse
French silverplate maker: Roberge André Roberge André, 15 rue de Montmorency and 4 rue de l'Entrepôt, Paris, active 1918-1924
AR and a wheel/une roue
French silverplate maker: Crossard Joseph Crossard Joseph, 36 rue de Montmorency, Paris, active 1900-1920
ARDJ and a cross/une crosse (succeeded by Crossard & Dogit 1920-1931)
French silverplate maker: C. Balaine C. Balaine, Paris, active c. 1865
CB and a grasshopper/une sauterelle
French silverplate maker: Cailar Bayard French silverplate maker: Cailar & Bayard French silverplate maker: Cailar & Bayard French silverplate maker: Cailar & Bayard Cailar & Bayard, 37 rue Grange-aux-Belles, Paris, founded in 1848 by Noel Cailar and Pierre Bayard. The firm used the name METALLONIDE for its metal alloy. Cailar & Bayard closed in 1934.
CB and a sun/un soleil
French silverplate maker: Christofle French silverplate maker: Christofle Christofle, mark 1862-1867
CC and a scale/une échelle de poids
French silverplate maker: Charles Halphen French silverplate maker: Charles Halphen Halphen Charles, mark 1877-1885
CH and a goat/une chèvre
French silverplate maker: Cailar & Henry French silverplate maker: Cailar & Henry Cailar & Henry, Paris, active c. 1860
CH a sun/un soleil
French silverplate maker: Julien Charles Julien Charles, 59 rue des Gravilliers, Paris, active from 1914
CJ and an ox's head, a star above the horns/une tête de boeuf, une étoile au-dessus des cornes
French silverplate maker: Lenfant César Lenfant César, 20 rue des Deux-Portes-Saint-Sauveur, Paris, active from 1876
CL and a child's head/une tête d'enfant
French silverplate maker: Orfèvrerie de Chambly Orfèvrerie de Chambly, rename of S.F.A.M in 1983. Closed in 2004
CM and a a handshake/une poignée de main
French silverplate maker: Sicre Charles Sicre Charles, 25 rue de la Villette, Paris, active 1899-1937
CS and a five leaf clover/une trèfle a cinq feuilles
French silverplate maker: Debain Alphonse &; Edouard Debain Alphonse & Edouard, 20 rue Rambuteau and later rue des Quatre-Fils, Paris, active 1911-1929
DEBAIN and a phoenix and a star/un phénix et une étoile



French silverplate maker: Deschamps Frères French silverplate maker: Deschamps Frères Deschamps Frères, 46 rue du Rocher, Paris, active from 1923
DF or DFES and a rooster's head/une tête de coq
French silverplate maker: ff maker not identified
DH and METAL BLANC
French silverplate maker: Veuve Léontine Compère, widow of Ernest Compère Veuve Léontine Compère, 79 rue Quincampoix, Paris, widow of Ernest Compère (1868-1888) active 1888-1911
EC Vve and a running rabbit/un lapin courant
French silverplate maker: Puiforcat Emile French silverplate maker: Puiforcat Emile French silverplate maker: Puiforcat Emile (after 1983) Puiforcat Emile, company founded in Paris in 1820 by Emile Puiforcat and his two cousins. Owes most of its renown to Jean Puiforcat (1897-1945), who established the company in the avant-garde of modern silverwork
EP and a pocket knife/un couteau de poche
French silverplate maker: Chéron Félix French silverplate maker: Chéron Félix French silverplate maker: Chéron Félix French silverplate maker: Chéron Félix Chéron Félix, factory active in Méry-sur-Oise (Seine-et-Oise, north of Paris). Founded by Félix Chéron, manufacturer of "Couverts de Méry" on its own base metal "Blanc Méry". Bought after bankrupt by Christofle in 1877 maintaining Cheron as director
FC and a crown/une couronne
French silverplate maker: Gandais Jacques Augustin Félix Frères, active in Toulouse in 1875
FELIX Fres
French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise Frionnet François, 8 rue des Quatre-Fils, Paris, succeeded to Frionnet Albert in 1944
FF and a croissant/un croissant
French silverplate maker: ff maker not identified
FF and a winged lion/un lion ailé
French silverplate maker: Gandais Jacques Augustin French silverplate maker: Gandais Jacques Augustin Gandais Jacques Augustin, active c.1834
GANDAIS and "DOUBLÉ" into a square
French silverplate maker: Fouquet-Lapar George Fouquet-Lapar George, 25 rue de Choiseul, Paris, active 1897-1925. Succeeded to his father in law Leon Lapar
GFL and a chisel/un ciseau d'orfèvre
French silverplate maker: Hénin & Cie Hénin & Cie, 77 rue des Archives, Paris, active from 1896. Succeeded to Hénin & Vivier
H&Cie and a rosebud above, a star below the initials/un bouton de rose au-dessus, une étoile au-dessous des initiales
French silverplate maker: Soufflot Henri Soufflot Henri, 89 rue de Turbigo, Paris, active from 1884-1910
HS and a rising sun/un soleil levant
French silverplate maker: J. Brille J. Brille, 12 rue Debelleyme, Paris, a successor of Henry Brille (active c.1920s as Orbrille)
JB and a star over a lyre/une étoile, une lyre au-dessus
French silverplate maker: Moucheront Jean Moucheront Jean, 24 rue Beaubourg, Paris, active first quarter 20th century
JM and a gabion/un gabion
French silverplate maker: Kahn & Compagnie Kahn & Compagnie, 1156 faubourg Poissonnière, Paris, active late 19th/early 20th century
K&Cie, under a +, over a star/un + et une étoile au-dessus
French silverplate maker: Le Couvert Francais French silverplate maker: Le Couvert FrancaisLe Couvert Francais
LCF under a crown, into an araldic shield / sous une couronne, dans un bouclier araldique
French silverplate maker: Grands Magasins du Louvre Grands Magasins du Louvre, rue de Marengo, Paris, a retail business active from 1855
L and a seated lion/un lion assis
French silverplate maker: Léopold Auzolle Auzolle Léopold, Paris, active 1885-1905
LA and a symbol/un symbole
French silverplate maker: Grands Magasins du Louvre Lenain & Fils, 16 rue Dupetit-Thouars, Paris, 1920-1929
LF and a two interlaced L/deux L entrelacés
French silverplate maker: Lamy & Lacroix Lamy & Lacroix, 40 rue Meslay (later 36, rue de Bondy), Paris. Partnership of Aimé Lamy (1819-1889) and Elie Lacroix, active 1858-1881. Parisian branch of Lamy & Lacroix, foundry in Morez, Jura.
LL and a crown over a star/une couronne, une étoile au-dessus
French silverplate maker: Louis Ravinet French silverplate maker: Louis Ravinet Ravinet Louis, (1854-1925), succeeded to E. Tonnelier in 1882. In 1891 entered in partnership with Charles D'Enfert (1865-1960) in a company under the style Ravinet D'Enfert (see mark RD).
LR and crossed spoon and forks over a star/cuillère et fourchettes croisées sur une étoile
French silverplate maker: Lutetia, a line of Orfèvrerie Ercuis Lutetia, a 1910s/1920s line of Orfèvrerie Ercuis
LUTETIA
French silverplate maker: Maison Barra Maison Barra
MB and a symbol/un symbole
French silverplate maker: Joseph Mégemond & Charles Deneux Joseph Mégemond & Charles Deneux, 3 passage des Petites Ecuries, Paris, active 1863-1888
MD and an anvil/un enclume
French silverplate maker: Collet Noël Collet Noël, 68 rue Victor Hugo à Puteaux, active from 1922
NC and a cock/un coq
French silverplate maker: Orfèvrerie Christofle, Gallia collection Orfèvrerie Christofle, Gallia collection
OC and a chess horse/un cheval d'échecs
French silverplate maker: Orfèvrerie Ercuis Orfèvrerie Ercuis, founded in 1867 by Adrien Céleste Pillon. From 2015 the company is under the control of the Italian group Sambonet Paderno
OE and a centaur/un centaure
the new POINÇON CARRÉ adopted after 1983 by Orfèvrerie Ercuis to mark the 'métal argenté' the new POINÇON CARRÉ adopted after 1983 by Orfèvrerie Ercuis to mark the 'métal argenté'
the new POINÇON CARRÉ adopted after 1983 by Orfèvrerie Ercuis to mark the "métal argenté"



French silverplate maker: ST HILAIRE, a line of Orfèvrerie Ercuis, 1st quality French silverplate maker: ST HILAIRE, a line of Orfèvrerie Ercuis, 2nd quality ST HILAIRE, a line of Orfèvrerie Ercuis after merging with Produx SA, registered by SOCIETE ERCUIS-PRODUX on 30 March 1988, 1st and 2nd quality "métal argenté". The Orfèvrerie Produx Saint Hilaire was a secondary establishment of Ercuis and closed 3 October 2006
PA and the head of an Egyptian pharaoh/la tête d'un pharaon égyptien (a similar symbol was used for solid silver/argent massif hallmark. The PA stands, possibly, for Adrien Pillon, the founder of Ercuis
French solid silver hallmark maker Orfèvrerie Produx Saint Hilaire French silverplate maker: ST HILAIRE, a line of Orfèvrerie Ercuis
French silverplate maker: Guillaumot Paul-François Guillaumot Paul-François, 40 galerie Montpensier, Paris, active from 1907
PG and a helmet/un casque
French silverplate maker: Gigon Paul Gigon Paul, 38 rue des Gravilliers, Paris, active from 1912
PG and a rake/un rateu
French silverplate maker: Orfèvrerie Phénix Orfèvrerie Phénix, Lyon, active first third of 20th century
PHENIX
French silverplate maker: Meurgey Pierre Meurgey Pierre, Paris, active present days
PM and a symbol/un symbole
French silverplate maker: Pernot & Semin Pernot & Semin, Paris, late 19th century
PS and a symbol/un symbole
French silverplate maker: Ravinet & Cie Ravinet & Cie, 83 rue du Temple, Paris, Succeeded in 1912 to Ravinet Louis & Denfert Charles, followed in 1923 by Ravinet d'Enfert & Cie. The company closed activity in 1984
R&Cie and a clover/un trèfle
French silverplate maker: Ravinet Louis & Denfert Charles French silverplate maker: Ravinet Louis & Denfert Charles Ravinet Louis & Denfert Charles, 83 rue du Temple, Paris, active 1891-1912. Succeeded by Ravinet & Cie and from 1923 by Ravinet d'Enfert & Cie. The company closed activity in 1984
RD and a clover/un trèfle
French silverplate maker: RENEKA French silverplate maker: RENEKA RENEKA, founded in 1927 by René Kauss, 3 Route des Romains, Strasbourg (Bas-Rhine)
RK and a winged elephant/un éléphant ailé
French silverplate maker: Roux - Marquiand - Lyon French silverplate maker: Roux - Marquiand - Lyon Roux - Marquiand, Lyon, from 1876
RM and a star/une étoile
French silverplate maker: Marson Robert Marson Robert, 30 rue de Bondy, Paris, active from 1918
RM and a lamp/une lampe électrique
French silverplate maker: Société Anonyme Argental French silverplate maker: Société Anonyme Argental French silverplate maker: Société Anonyme Argental Société Anonyme Argental, 72, boulevard Beaumarchais, Paris, active at "Usine de l'Argental" Coulommiers en Seine-et-Marne from 1921. The activity was bought in 1968 by Orfèvrerie Ercuis
SA and a halberd/une hallebarde
French silverplate maker: Saglier frères Saglier Frères, 12 rue d'Enghien, Paris, Eugène and André Saglier, succeeded to their father Victor Saglier, active from 1897
SF and four stars/quatre étoiles
often accompanied by the mark VS of their father Victor Saglier
French silverplate maker: Saglier frères and Victor Saglier
French silverplate maker: S.F.A.M. French silverplate maker: S.F.A.M. French silverplate maker: S.F.A.M. S.F.A.M., Société Française d'Alliage de Métaux, created in 1926 in Bornel, Oise region. Renamed Orfèvrerie de Chambly in 1983. Closed in 2004
S.F.A.M. and a handshake/une poignée de main ("poinçon de bonne foi"/good faith mark)
French silverplate maker: Orfèvrerie de Chambly

The Orfèvrerie de Chambly maintained the figural trademark with the initials CM
French silverplate maker: Orfévrerie St. Médard French silverplate maker: Orfévrerie St. Médard Orfévrerie St. Médard, Founded in 1898. Became the French branch of Belgian firm Eternum (founded 1924). Saint Médard Eternum, 27 Rue Jules Raimu, Chambly, Picardie, France
SM
French silverplate maker: not identified Maker not identified
SMF and fleur de lys
French silverplate maker: Societé d'Orfèvrerie Hotelière, SOH French silverplate maker: Societé d'Orfèvrerie Hotelière, SOH French silverplate maker: Societé d'Orfèvrerie Hotelière, SOH Societé d'Orfèvrerie Hotelière, SOH, Paris
SOH
French silverplate maker: Prud'homme Stéphane French silverplate maker: Prud'homme Stéphane Prud'homme Stéphane, rue Amelot, Paris. Succeeded in 1928 to Prud'homme Ernest
SP and a caduceus/un caducée
French silverplate maker: Tétard Frères Tétard Frères, 4 rue Béranger, Paris, active from c.1903
T.Fres and a terra cotta casserole dish/une huguenote
French silverplate maker: Théodore Henry French silverplate maker: Théodore Henry Théodore Henry, 46 rue de la Folie-Méricourt, Paris, active 1870s/1880s
TH a shamrock/un trèfle
French silverplate maker: Coutellerie de table Apollonox - Société Générale de Coutellerie et Orfèvrerie French silverplate maker: Coutellerie de table Apollonox - Société Générale de Coutellerie et Orfèvrerie   Coutellerie de table Apollonox - Société Générale de Coutellerie et Orfèvrerie,
   VH and a seated lion/un lion assis


This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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