FRENCH SILVER HALLMARKS
"ANCIEN REGIME" (18th CENTURY)

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This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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Paris 950/1000 Paris 950/1000 warranty Paris (85) Départements 800/1000 Paris 950/1000 large objects fineness 950/1000 FRENCH SILVER HALLMARKS (FROM 1797 TO PRESENT DAYS)
DIRECTORY OF FRENCH SILVERSMITHS
AA AH B CA CG D EA EJ F GA GH HA HG I JA JH K LA LH MA MH N O PA PH Q R S T U V W X Y Z
In the 18th century, four major marks were used in France: maker's mark, mark of charge, mark of discharge, mark of "maison commune (jurande)"
poincon de charge 1722-1727,  maitre Robert MOTHE, jurande 1725, décharge 1722-1727

MAKER'S MARK (POINCON DE MAITRE-ORFEVRE)
It consists of a "fleur de lys crowned" over the initials of first and last name of the master.. The two or three letter initials surrounding a symbol chosen by the master silversmith (the "different") . At both sides of the the fleur de lys there are two small dots (the " grain").
poincon de maitre Charles-Joseph Fountaine

THE MARK OF CHARGE ( POINCON DE CHARGE)
It was applied after the maker's mark on the object under construction and before the stamping of the mark of "maison commune". In Paris the mark of charge had the form of an "A" crowned until 1789. Later the "A" was inscribed inside a circle with a pair of small numbers. The marks of charge were destinguished by the ornamental style of the letter and of the accompanying elements (florets, flippers...).
PARIS
poincon de charge Paris 1698-1703 poincon de charge Paris 1703-1708 poincon de charge Paris 1708-1715 poincon de charge Paris 1715-1717 poincon de charge Paris 1717-1722 poincon de charge Paris 1722-1727 poincon de charge Paris 1727-1732 poincon de charge Paris 1732-1738 poincon de charge Paris 1738-1744
1698-1703 1703-1708 1708-1715 1715-1717 1717-1722 1722-1726 1726-1732 1732-1738 1738-1744
poincon de charge Paris 1704-1711 poincon de charge Paris 1722-1726 poincon de charge Paris 1726-1732 poincon de charge Paris 1732-1738 poincon de charge Paris 1738-1744
poincon de charge Paris 1744-1750 poincon de charge Paris 1750-1756 poincon de charge Paris 1756-1762 poincon de charge Paris 1762-1768 poincon de charge Paris 1768-1775 poincon de charge Paris 1775-1781 poincon de charge Paris 1781-1783 poincon de charge Paris 1783-1789 poincon de charge Paris 1789
1744-1750 1750-1756 1756-1762 1762-1768 1768-1775 1775-1781 1781-1783 1783-1789 1789
poincon de charge Paris 1744-1750 poincon de charge Paris 1750-1756 poincon de charge Paris 1756-1762 poincon de charge Paris 1762-1768 poincon de charge Paris 1768-1775 poincon de charge Paris 1775-1781 poincon de charge Paris 1781-1783 poincon de charge Paris 1783-1789 poincon de charge Paris 1789
Also provincial marks used a letter to identify the town (in few cases were used two lettes or a number)
B: Rouen - C: Caen - D: Lyon - E: Tours - F: Angers - G: Poitiers -
H: La Rochelle - I: Limoges - K: Bordeaux - L: Bayonne - M: Toulouse -
N: Montpellier - O: Riom - P: Dijon - Q: Perpignam - R; Orléans - S: Reims -
T: Nantes - V: Troyes - X: Amiens - Y: Bourges - Z: Grenoble - &: Aix -
AA: Metz - CC: Besancon - W: Lille - 9: Rennes
poincon de charge, Rouen 1768-1775 poincon de charge, Lyon 1768-1775 poincon de charge, Tours 1781-1789 poincon de charge, Dijon 1781-1789
THE MARK OF DISCHARGE ( POINCON DE DECHARGE)
THE MARK OF DISCHARGE (POINCON DE DECHARGE) The mark of discharge was the only mark stamped to the finished object. It is the most difficult to identify owing to its small size and the variety of symbols used (crown, head of animal, shell...).
PARIS
poincon de 	decharge Paris 1698-1703 poincon de decharge Paris 1703-1708 poincon de decharge Paris 1708-1715 poincon de decharge Paris 1715-1717 poincon de decharge Paris 1717-1722 poincon de decharge Paris 1722-1727 poincon de decharge Paris 1727-1732 poincon de decharge Paris 1732-1738 poincon de decharge Paris 1738-1744
1698-1703 1703-17108 1708-1715 1715-1717 1717-1722 1722-1726 1726-1732 1732-1738 1738-1744
poincon de decharge Paris 1717-1722  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS poincon de decharge Paris 1722-1727  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS poincon de decharge Paris 1727-1732  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS poincon de decharge Paris 1732-1738  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS poincon de decharge Paris 1738-1744  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS

poincon de decharge Paris 1744-1750 poincon de decharge Paris 1750-1756 poincon de decharge Paris 1756-1762 poincon de decharge Paris 1762-1768 poincon de decharge Paris 1768-1775 poincon de decharge Paris 1775-1781 poincon de decharge Paris 1781-1789 poincon de decharge Paris 1783-1789 poincon de decharge Paris 1789
1744-1750 1750-1756 1756-1762 1762-1768 1768-1775 1775-1781 1781-1789 1783-1789 1789
poincon de decharge Paris 1744-1750 poincon de decharge Paris 1744-1750 poincon de decharge Paris 1750-1756  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS poincon de decharge Paris 1750-1756  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS poincon de decharge Paris 1756-1762 poincon de decharge Paris 1756-1762 poincon de decharge Paris 1762-1768  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS poincon de decharge Paris 1762-1768  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS poincon de decharge Paris 1768-1775 poincon de decharge Paris 1768-1775 poincon de decharge Paris 1775-1781 poincon de decharge Paris 1775-1781 poincon de decharge Paris 1781-1789 poincon de decharge Paris 1781-1789 poincon de decharge Paris 1781-1789 poincon de decharge Paris 1783-1789 poincon de decharge Paris 1783-1789 'une paysane' courtesy Robert Massart poincon de decharge Paris 1786-1789 poincon de decharge Paris 1789  - courtesy Robert Massart/ASCAS


THE MARKS OF CHARGE AND DISCHARGE
(POINCON DE CHARGE ET DE DECHARGE /POINCON DE LA MARQUE)
This mark was renewed at every change of the tax-farmer (fermier général). Different marks were used according to the size (large, medium, or small work) and type of the objects (flatware of holloware) on which they were applied.


THE MARK OF "MAISON COMMUNE" (POINCON DE COMMOUNAUTE or JURANDE)
This mark had the form of a letter topped by a crown. Used since the late 15th century to warrant silver fineness these marks were changed every year following the alphabetical order. From 1784 was used the letter "P" with the last two figures of the year. Others marks were added to the main mark to distinguish ancient objects reissued for sale, pieces restored or exempt from tax.
PARIS
poincon de jurande  Paris 1723-1724 poincon de jurande  Paris 1724-1725 poincon de jurande  Paris 1740-1742 poincon de jurande  Paris 1760-1761 poincon de jurande  Paris 1763-1764 poincon de jurande  Paris 1772-1773 poincon de jurande  Paris 1774-1775 poincon de jurande  Paris 1776-1777 poincon de jurande  Paris 1788-1789
1723-1724 1724-1725 1740-1742 1760-1761 1763-1764 1772-1773 1774-1775 1776-1777 1788-1789
THE MARK OF DISCHARGE OF OLD OBJECTS (POINCON DE DECHARGE DES OUVRAGES VIEX)
This mark was stamped by silversmiths on the pieces they hold only for retail to distinguish from the pieces they had manufactured. It had the shape of a lyre and was used under the direction of Enry Clavel from 1780 to 1782 and of Jean-Francois Kalendrin from 1782 to 1789. From 1789 to 1792 the lyre was replaced by a head of Momus.
poincon de décharge des ouvrages viex, Paris 1780-1789
THE MARK OF "CONTREMARQUE" (POINCON DE RECENSE)
This mark was freely stamped at any change of the tax-farmer (fermier général) to identify silver pieces marked by the former tax-farmer.
poincon de contremarque, Paris 1789-1792 poincon de contremarque, Paris 1780-1722
THE MARK OF DISCHARGE GRATIS (POINCON DE DECHARGE GRATIS)
This mark, used from 1768 to 1789, It was stamped on exempt from payment of duty by royal privilege. Only the silverware manufactured in Paris could benefit of this special right.
poincon gratis 1768-1780
THE MARK OF "RECONNAISSANCE"
This mark was used to distinguish old works repaired or restored with the addition of new parts. In Paris it was used from 1750 to 1774 and had the shape of an urn or of a reversed artichoke.
page en francais version francaise
Moskow hallmark St Petersburg hallmark official marks - legge 5 Febbraio 1935 Paris 1818/1838 hallmarkParis 1797/1809 hallmark London town mark Sheffield town mark German silver hallmark Hanau silver hallmark Austrian silver hallmark
Russia Italy France England  Germany  Hanau  Austria
Pelton Bros. Silver Plate Co. hallmarkRogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmark Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmark Devices of Old Sheffiel Plate
American Silver Plate marks English Electroplate silver marks Old Sheffied Plate marks
Peter Charles Faberge mark Gorham Athenic hallmark International Silver Company mark Georg Jensen hallmark 1945-1951 Kirk & Son mark Meriden Britannia Company mark Reed & Barton mark Rogers Bros mark Tiffany hallmarks Towle Silversmiths mark Wallace Silversmiths mark Wiener Werkstatte monogram WMF hallmarks
Fabergé
Gorham
International Silver Co
Georg Jensen
Kirk Stieff
Meriden Britannia
Reed & Barton
Rogers
Tiffany & Co
Towle
Wallace
Wiener Werkstatte
WMF

This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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