HALLMARKS OF HANAU SILVER
MARKS AND PSEUDO HALLMARKS OF HANAU (GERMANY)

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From the middle to the end of the nineteenth century copies of old silver, and items designed in an amalgamation of historic styles, satisfied customer demand and preference. Many firms in Europe and in the United States produced this type of silver. Generally speaking, the recognition of reproduction silver does not present a problem since it is marked according to the laws of the country of origin. Contrary to this, the antique silver industry of Hanau chose to mark its output with fantasy marks. It is difficult to say if this was practiced with a clear intent to deceive. But it is strange that the spurious marks somewhat resemble old marks, and are also harmonized with the style of the piece. For example, French rococo style reproductions are marked with French looking marks, German seventeenth century-inspired pieces got German-looking marks, and so on. Furthermore, most Hanau firms chose as company marks styles reminiscent of seventeenth and eighteenth century maker's marks.
Mark stamping as practiced in Hanau would have been completely illegal in France or England, or for that matter in any other German city where a guild supervised the marking. But Hanau had a long tradition as a free-trade city.
With the production of "antique silver", Hanau found a market niche, which brought its silver manufacturers enormous prosperity and worldwide reputation. The 'father' of this industry was August Schleissner. The other leading firm of Hanau was Neresheimer, founded in 1890 as a partnership of August and Ludwig Neresheimer with Jean Schlingloff. Right from the start Neresheimer offered a wide range of highly decorative objects like nefs, tankards, coconut and nautilus cups, and other sumptuous sideboard pieces.
Most of the information on this page are obtained from Dorothea Bustyn's articles on ASCAS-Association of Small Collectors of Antique Silver- website: www.ASCASonline.org

MARKS AND PSEUDO HALLMARKS OF HANAU

Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark
Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century
simulating ancient Augsburg mark of 18th century
(below an authentic Augsburg ancient mark) hallmark town of Augsburg 1690-1695
Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark
Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century simulating ancient Nurnberg mark of 18th century
(below an authentic Nuremberg ancient mark) hallmark town of Nurnberg 1710
Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark
Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century


Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark
Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century
Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark
Ludwig Neresheimer & Co: Hanau, end of 19th century
Berthold Muller: import mark Chester 1905 Berthold Muller: import mark London 1895 Berthold Muller: import mark London 1895 Berthold Muller: import mark Chester 1910 Berthold Muller: import mark Berthold Muller: Chester import mark Berthold Muller: Chester import mark
Hanau silver was largely imported in UK between the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Berthold Mueller was an import firm, who distributed a lot of Neresheimer silver - see John Culme: The Directory of Gold-and Silversmiths, Jewellers and Allied Traders 1838-1914, Vol.1 page, page 335. The firm changed its name 1915 to Berthold Miller and was listed as wholesale silversmiths and jewellers, antique reproduction in silver, ivories, miniatures, enamels, and so forth.






Another importer of Hanau silver was J.G.Piddington which was independent of Berthold Muller and an import firm in their own right, see Culme, page 423 under John George Smith &Co. The shipping and forwarding business was founded in 1849, the firm was a partnership between J.Friend and J. Piddington. The grandson of Piddington, John G.Smith jr. took the surname of his grandfather in 1900. J.G. Smith & Co are noted to have imported a great deal of silver, apparently an important part of their business until 1939. Many of these items, decorative in nature, to be of German origin. A privately printed and illustrated history of this firm exists, called 'Vitesse, The Story of Continental Express', published in 1949.

(information from www.ASCASonline.org /Dorothea Burstyn)
Karl Kurz Silberwarenfabrik: Kesselstadt, end of 19th century hallmark Karl Kurz Silberwarenfabrik: Kesselstadt, end of 19th century hallmark
Karl Kurz Silberwarenfabrik: Kesselstadt, end of 19th century
Its English Agent/Importer was Theodor Hartmann registered in London and Sheffield
Gebrüder Gutgesell; Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark Gebrüder Gutgesell; Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark (courtesy Luca Mastrodonato)
Gebrüder Gutgesell; Hanau, end of 19th century
Schleissner & Söhne; Hanau c. 1900 hallmark Schleissner & Söhne; Hanau c. 1900 hallmark
J.D. Schleissner & Söhne: Hanau c. 1817 - present
The firm was founded by Johann Daniel Christian Schleissner
Roth & Comp.Silberwaren-Manufaktur: Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark Roth & Comp.Silberwaren-Manufaktur: Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark
Georg Roth & Comp. (Hanauer Silberwaren-Manufaktur): Hanau, founded in 1891
simulating ancient French marks of 17th and 18th century
(below right two authentic ancient marks)


hallmark of silversmith Michel Millerand père, Grenoble about 1695 - dead 1751 hallmark of silversmith Charles Cèsar Haudry - Paris 1745
Georg Roth & Comp.Silberwaren-Manufaktur: Hanau, end of 19th century hallmark
Georg Roth & Comp. (Hanauer Silberwaren-Manufaktur): Hanau, founded in 1891
pseudo Augsburg mark and the simulated "zickzack line" (Tremolierstrich) used for silver assaying
(below right an authentic ancient mark: Berlin 1820) BERLIN 1820/30 Georg Friedrich Fournier (1773-1832,Master 1806)
not identified hallmark
Hanau (not identified)


not identified hallmark
Hanau (not identified)
not identified hallmark
Hanau (not identified)
not identified hallmark
this is a not identified mark simulating English silver hallmarks. Pseudo-hallmarks of English silver are unusual for Hanau makers, but this mark was found on a silver bottle in typical Hanau style
not identified hallmark
Hanau (not identified)
not identified hallmark
Hanau (not identified)

This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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