HALLMARKS OF GERMAN SILVER
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF GERMANY
- 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY (POST 1888) -

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German hallmarking system was unified in 1888 (see Decree January 7, 1886) adopting the national mark "crescent and crown" indicating in thousandths the fineness of silver. This system is still in use in present days.
German national mark from 1888

The previous system of antique German silver marks was based on different town marks symbols and the silver fineness was indicated in "loth" (12 loth corresponding to 750/1000, 13 loth = 812/1000, 14 loth = 875/1000, 15 loth = 937/1000)

GERMAN SILVER HALLMARKS OF THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY (post 1888)

ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF SILVERSMITHS (click on name for image and information):
A.W.B - Bahner Franz - Behrnd Hermann - Bemberg Fritz - Binder Wilhelm - Bleyer Heinr. Jr - Böhm Hugo - Bremer Silberwaren-Fabrik AG - BRUCKMANN&SÖHNE - Deyhle Gebrüder - Dingeldein Gebrüder - Eispert Julius, later Eispert Richard - Friedländer Gebrüder - Gerber Fritz - Gayer & Krauss, - GOWE - Grimminger Jakob - Haegermann Gustav - Haub C. - Heiden Theodor - Heisler C. - Hermann Emil - Herz Julius - Hessenberg & Co - HKJ - Jager & Co - Kaeser and Uhlmann - Kaltenbach Karl & Sohne - Kern - J.Knewitz - Koberlin Gebruder - Köberlin Richard - Koch&Bergfeld - Korner&Proll - Kraft Robert - Krakau - Kühn Gebrüder - Kunz J. & Co - Kurz Gottlieb - Lange & Gunther - Lemor Julius - Lutz&Weiss - Manns Adam & Sohn - Mayer Adolph - Mayer Martin - Meyen H. & Co - Mosgau Franz - Muller Wilhelm - Plaz & Kalber G.m.b.H. - Posen Lazarus - Reiner Gebrüder - Reusswig Friedrich - Rieth - Robbe&Berking - Rosenau Simon - Rosenthal - Rossdeuthscher & Reisig - Rückert M.J. - A. Schollkopf - Pforzheim - Schleißner J.D. Söhne - Schlingloff J.L. - Schnauffer - Schulze Wilhelm - Seybold & Hirschhauer - Tewes G. - Vietor E.L. - Weinranck & Schmidt - Widmann Christoph - WILKENS&SÖHNE - WMF -

(click on the photo to enlarge image)
Hermann Behrnd - Dresden c. 1890
Hermann Behrnd - Gruner Str. 27, Dresden A.9
Silverwares factories, numb. 866; founded 1881
ref: Sänger/Das deutsche Silber-Besteck Marke Seite 33, 271
Schnauffer: Dresden c. 1890
Carl Schnauffer, Victoriastr. 23/I, Dresden-A.
ref. Adress- und Handbuch für das deutsche Goldschmiedegewerbe, Hrsg.: Redaktion der Deutschen Goldschmiede-Zeitung. Verlag von Wilhelm Diebener, Leipzig 1903, p. 49 - Gold- and Silverwares Wholesalers, numb. 1301; p. 97 - Wholesalers of precious stones, stones and pearls, numb. 3484; advert. p. 40a:
Wholesaler of Jewellery and Goldwares. Owner: Martha (widow) Schnauffer, Eugen Schnauffer, Friedrich Schnauffer. Wholesaler of all kind of jewellery, with own wholesale of precious stones, stones and pearls. They were wholesaler in Germany, and Exporter
Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen: silver and silverplate marks
Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen, Kirchweg 200
Founded in Bremen in 1829 by
Gottfried Koch and Ludwig Bergfeld (born in Hannover). Executed 1900-10 designs by Hugo Leven, Albin Muller and Henry van de Velde and in the twenties and thirties by Gustav Elsass and Bernhard Hotger
The firm is still active with a wide production of flatware and holloware
ref: Neuwirth/Markenlexikon für Edle und Unedle Metalle No.286
Art Nouveau and Art deco Silver - by Annelies Krekle-Aalberse, p. 256

"JÄHNE" is a retailer mark. The "16737" is a Koch & Bergfeld's internal individual order number. They start around 1874 with numb. 1, until 1932 with numb. 82056. Source: Silber aus Bremen, Hrsg. C.-W. Schümann, Wienand Verlag, Köln 1979, 2nd 1990, p. 112. ISBN 3-87909-096-3

H&Co mark belongs to the wholesaler department of Henniger & Co., in Berlin S.W.68, Alte Jacob-Str. 106 [factory and administration]. They had shops in Berlin, Breslau, Dresden-A., Hamburg, Leipzig, Magdeburg, München. Gebrüder Henniger developed the so baptized "Neusilber" (New Silver or Nickel Silver), an alloy without any contents of Silver, which should have, be polished, the same optical appeal as a polished item made from 12 Lot (750/1000) Silver alloy. And they were from about 1842 on in Germany also the first, who have used the Electro Galvanic Plating Process.

The "Key" mark for hollowware was in use from 1942.
Number 8157, is the internal individual order number of Koch & Bergfeld. Numbering started in 1942 with number 1000, until 1978 with number 13158. Source: Silber aus Bremen«, Hrsg. C.-W. Schümann, Wienand Verlag, Köln 1979, 2nd 1990, p. 112. ISBN 3-87909-096
Robbe & Berking - Flensburg Robbe & Berking - Flensburg Robbe & Berking, Giffhorn Robbe & Berking, Giffhorn
Robbe & Berking - Flensburg, 1874 - Present
Lazarus Posen (widow of) - Berlin & Frankfurt/Main 20th century Lazarus Posen (widow of) - Berlin & Frankfurt/Main 20th century a Bruckmann/Heilbronn production retailed by Posen Lazarus Posen (widow of) - Berlin & Frankfurt/Main 20th century
Lazarus Posen Witwe (Lazarus Posen’s widow)
Berlin & Frankfurt/Main 20th century
ref: Bröhan/Metallkunst der Moderne vol. VI Marke Seite 108, No.87, Scheffler Goldschmiede Hessens No.631
The firm was founded in Frankfurt on the Main in 1869 by Brendina Wetzlar, the widow of Lazarus Jacob Posen, a silversmith and retailer of Polish descent. Under the widow Posen’s stewardship, the firm became the largest supplier of Judaica in the late 19th century. Her son Jacob L. Posen joined the firm by 1880, and by 1900, the company’s large staff of chasers and engravers were producing some of the finest silver in the country. They received a royal warrant in 1903. In the 20th century the firm was under the direction of Brendina’s grandsons Jakob, Hermann and Moritz Posen. In 1938 the company was forcefully closed and looted on Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass - Novemberpogrome: courtesy information Jacob Frank)
G.Haegermann - Burgdorf/Hannover c. 1900
Gustav Haegermann - Burgdorf/Hannover c. 1900
ref: Deutsches Goldschmiede-Jahrbuch 1913 No.204 Scheffler/Goldschmiede Niedersachsens I page 228
C.Haub (son) - Hanau - end of 19th century
C.Haub (son) - Hanau - end of 19th century
ref: Neuwirth/Edle und Unedle Metalle page 48
J.Knewitz - Mainz
J.Knewitz - Mainz
H. Meyen & Co (possibly) - Berlin H. Meyen & Co  - Berlin H. Meyen & Co  - Berlin
H. Meyen & Co (possibly) - Berlin
mid 19th c. /mid 20th c.
click on image for details
Hermann Behrnd - Dresden c. 1890 Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen 1899 Robbe & Berking - Flensburg Lazarus Posen (widow of) - Berlin & Frankfurt/Main 20th century Lazarus Posen (widow of) - Berlin & Frankfurt/Main 20th century Bruckmann & Sohne - Heilbronn C.Haub (son) - Hanau - end of 19th century Jakob Grimminger - Schwabisch Gmund Muller Wilhelm Wilhelm Binder - Schwäbisch Gmünd H. Meyen & Co (possibly) - Berlin A.W.B- not identified Bremer Werkstätten (für) kunstgewerbliche Silberarbeiten Lutz & Weiss - Pforzheim Robbe & Berking, Giffhorn WILKENS & SÖHNE Hemelingen Rieth BRUCKMANN & SÖHNE - Heilbronn Gayer & Krauss - Schwabish- Gmund Theodor Heiden - Munchen J.D.Schleißner Söhne - Hanau Gebrüder Kühn - Schwäbisch Gmünd Franz Bahner - Düsseldorf Fritz Gerber & Co - Gorlitz/Schlesien Friedrich Reusswig - Hanau C.Heisler - Mannheim Richard Köberlin - Döbeln/Sachsen Gebrüder Reiner Gebrüder Reiner A. Schollkopf Gebrüder Friedländer - Berlin KÖRNER & PROLL - Berlin Robert Kraft, Pforzheim Gebrüder Deyhle, Schwäbisch Gmund Emil Hermann, Waldstetten G. Tewes J.Knewitz - Mainz GOWE Simon Rosenau, Bad Kissingen Fritz Bemberg, Pforzheim Hugo Böhm - Schwäbisch Gmund Gebrüder Dingeldein, Hanau M.J. Rückert, Mainz Bremer Silberwaren-Fabrik AG - Bremen Rosenthal Franz Mosgau, Hamburg Seybold & Hirschhauer, Schwäbisch-Gmünd H.Meyen & Co, Berlin Mayer Martin Gmb.H. Rossdeuthscher & Reisig - Breslau Kaeser and Uhlmann - Schwabish-Gmund Gottlieb Kurz - Schwabish-Gmund E.L. Vietor - Darmstadt WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik not identified not identified WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik go to Lazarus Posen Witwe details not identified Hessenberg & Co, Frankfurt a.M Julius Herz KERN, not identified Kaeser and Uhlmann - Schwabish-Gmund not identified Heinr.Bleyer Jr.- Chemnitz Eispert Julius, later Eispert Richard WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik not identified Weinranck & Schmidt Martin Mayer - Mainz Martin Mayer - Mainz not identified not identified Franz Bahner, Mansfelder Silber Adolph Mayer - Frankfurt am Main Lange & Gunther - Lichtenstein - Callember Krakau - not identified Christoph Widmann - Pforzheim go to  not identified details go to  not identified details go to Julius Lemor - Breslau details go to  not identified details go to  not identified details go to  not identified details go to  not identified details go to Koberlin Gebruder go to Kunz J. & Co Bremer Silberwaren-Fabrik AG - Bremen H. Meyen & Co (possibly) - Berlin WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik Jager & Co Plaz & Kalber G.m.b.H. Schlingloff J.L. Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen 1899 Richard Köberlin - Döbeln/Sachsen Manns Adam & Sohn - Dornigheim b. Hanau Kaltenbach Karl & Sohne - Altensteig
work in progress on this page - your help, corrections and suggestions will be greatly appreciated -