HALLMARKS OF GERMAN SILVER
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF GERMANY
- 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY (POST 1888) -

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German hallmarking system was unified in 1888 (see Decree January 7, 1886) adopting the national mark "crescent and crown" indicating in thousandths the fineness of silver. This system is still in use in present days.
German national mark from 1888

The previous system of antique German silver marks was based on different town marks symbols and the silver fineness was indicated in "loth" (12 loth corresponding to 750/1000, 13 loth = 812/1000, 14 loth = 875/1000, 15 loth = 937/1000)

GERMAN SILVER HALLMARKS OF THE 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY (post 1888)

ALPHABETICAL INDEX OF SILVERSMITHS (click on name for image and information):
A.W.B - Bahner Franz - Behrnd Hermann - Bemberg Fritz - Binder Wilhelm - Bleyer Heinr. Jr - Böhm Hugo - Bremer Silberwaren-Fabrik AG - BRUCKMANN&SÖHNE - Deyhle Gebrüder - Dingeldein Gebrüder - Eispert Julius, later Eispert Richard - Friedländer Gebrüder - Gerber Fritz - Gayer & Krauss, - GOWE - Grimminger Jakob - Haegermann Gustav - Haub C. - Heiden Theodor - Heisler C. - Hermann Emil - Herz Julius - Hessenberg & Co - HKJ - Jager & Co - Kaeser and Uhlmann - Kaltenbach Karl & Sohne - Kern - J.Knewitz - Koberlin Gebruder - Köberlin Richard - Koch&Bergfeld - Korner&Proll - Kraft Robert - Krakau - Kühn Gebrüder - Kunz J. & Co - Kurz Gottlieb - Lange & Gunther - Lemor Julius - Lutz&Weiss - Manns Adam & Sohn - Mayer Adolph - Mayer Martin - Meyen H. & Co - Mosgau Franz - Muller Wilhelm - Plaz & Kalber G.m.b.H. - Posen Lazarus - Reiner Gebrüder - Reusswig Friedrich - Rieth - Robbe&Berking - Rosenau Simon - Rosenthal - Rossdeuthscher & Reisig - Rückert M.J. - A. Schollkopf - Pforzheim - Schleißner J.D. Söhne - Schlingloff J.L. - Schnauffer - Schulze Wilhelm - Seybold & Hirschhauer - Tewes G. - Vietor E.L. - Weinranck & Schmidt - Widmann Christoph - WILKENS&SÖHNE - WMF -

(click on the photo to enlarge image)
Gebrüder Kühn - Schwäbisch Gmünd, c. 1900 Gebrüder Kühn - Schwäbisch Gmünd Gebrüder Kühn, Schwäbisch Gmund Gebrüder Kühn, Schwäbisch Gmund
Gebrüder Kühn - Schwäbisch Gmünd, c. 1900
Franz Bahner - Düsseldorf Franz Bahner - Dusseldorf (property of Mansfelder Silber)
Franz Bahner - Düsseldorf
1920c./1960c.property of Mansfelder Silber
Founded in 1895. Specialist in silver flatware. Executed designs by Peter Behrens c. 1905. Closed in the 1960s
ref: Sänger/Das deutsche Silber-Besteck page 271
Bröhan/Metallkunst Abbildung IV page 9, Katalog-No.11, page 586 Saur
Art Nouveau and Art deco Silver, Annelies Krekel-Albersee, pag. 251
Fritz Gerber & Co - Gorlitz/Schlesien c. 1910
Fritz Gerber & Co - Gorlitz/Schlesien c. 1910


Friedrich Reusswig - Hanau 1903-1926
Friedrich Reusswig - Hanau 1903-1926
ref: Scheffler/Goldschmiede Hessens No.556 page 541
C.Heisler - Mannheim, end of 19th century
C.Heisler - Mannheim, end of 19th century
Court's Silversmith, specialized in Rococo sets. In connection with Belgian silversmith Louis Wolfers (1820-1892) and, from 1890, with his son Philippe
ref: Bröhan/Metallkunst der Moderne VI page 27/28
Richard Köberlin - Döbeln/Sachsen, c. 1900
Richard Köberlin - Döbeln/Sachsen, c. 1900 specialized in silver flatware
ref: Sänger/Das deutsche Silber-Besteck page 273
Gebrüder Reiner Silberbesteckfabrik - Krumbach/Bayern, c. 1910 Gebrüder Reiner, Krumbach Bayern
Gebrüder Reiner Silberbesteckfabrik - Krumbach/Bayern, c. 1910
ref: Deutsches Goldschmiede-Jahrbuch 1913 No.472,
Neuwirth/Marken-Lexikon für Kunstgewerbe No.375


 A. Schollkopf - Pforzheim
A. Schollkopf - Pforzheim - c. 1910
FRIEDLAENDER Berlin
Gebrüder Friedländer - Berlin - founded 1829
active from 1860, House Jeweller of the Princess Luise of Prussia. Executed silver designed by the painter Wilhelm Lucas von Cranach c. 1900
ref: : Scheffler/Berliner Goldschmiede No.2018
Art Nouveau and Art deco Silver, Annelies Krekel-Albersee, pag. 254
KÖRNER & PROLL - Berlin KÖRNER & PROLL - Berlin
KÖRNER & PROLL - Berlin
the factory was created in Berlin by Franz Eduard KÖRNER and Friedrich William PROLL in 1845. The firm is still active.
ref: : Neuwirth/Markenlexikon Edle und unedle Metalle page 64, Scheffler/Berliner Goldschmiede No.2026
Robert Kraft, Pforzheim
Robert Kraft, Pforzheim c. 1920
Gebrüder Deyhle, Schwäbisch Gmund
Gebrüder Deyhle, Schwäbisch Gmund (founded in 1820)
Emil Hermann, Waldstetten Emil Hermann, Waldstetten
Emil Hermann, Waldstetten
click on image for details
Hermann Behrnd - Dresden c. 1890 Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen 1899 Robbe & Berking - Flensburg Lazarus Posen (widow of) - Berlin & Frankfurt/Main 20th century Lazarus Posen (widow of) - Berlin & Frankfurt/Main 20th century Bruckmann & Sohne - Heilbronn C.Haub (son) - Hanau - end of 19th century Jakob Grimminger - Schwabisch Gmund Muller Wilhelm Wilhelm Binder - Schwäbisch Gmünd H. Meyen & Co (possibly) - Berlin A.W.B- not identified Bremer Werkstätten (für) kunstgewerbliche Silberarbeiten Lutz & Weiss - Pforzheim Robbe & Berking, Giffhorn WILKENS & SÖHNE Hemelingen Rieth BRUCKMANN & SÖHNE - Heilbronn Gayer & Krauss - Schwabish- Gmund Theodor Heiden - Munchen J.D.Schleißner Söhne - Hanau Gebrüder Kühn - Schwäbisch Gmünd Franz Bahner - Düsseldorf Fritz Gerber & Co - Gorlitz/Schlesien Friedrich Reusswig - Hanau C.Heisler - Mannheim Richard Köberlin - Döbeln/Sachsen Gebrüder Reiner Gebrüder Reiner A. Schollkopf Gebrüder Friedländer - Berlin KÖRNER & PROLL - Berlin Robert Kraft, Pforzheim Gebrüder Deyhle, Schwäbisch Gmund Emil Hermann, Waldstetten G. Tewes J.Knewitz - Mainz GOWE Simon Rosenau, Bad Kissingen Fritz Bemberg, Pforzheim Hugo Böhm - Schwäbisch Gmund Gebrüder Dingeldein, Hanau M.J. Rückert, Mainz Bremer Silberwaren-Fabrik AG - Bremen Rosenthal Franz Mosgau, Hamburg Seybold & Hirschhauer, Schwäbisch-Gmünd H.Meyen & Co, Berlin Mayer Martin Gmb.H. Rossdeuthscher & Reisig - Breslau Kaeser and Uhlmann - Schwabish-Gmund Gottlieb Kurz - Schwabish-Gmund E.L. Vietor - Darmstadt WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik not identified not identified WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik go to Lazarus Posen Witwe details not identified Hessenberg & Co, Frankfurt a.M Julius Herz KERN, not identified Kaeser and Uhlmann - Schwabish-Gmund not identified Heinr.Bleyer Jr.- Chemnitz Eispert Julius, later Eispert Richard WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik not identified Weinranck & Schmidt Martin Mayer - Mainz Martin Mayer - Mainz not identified not identified Franz Bahner, Mansfelder Silber Adolph Mayer - Frankfurt am Main Lange & Gunther - Lichtenstein - Callember Krakau - not identified Christoph Widmann - Pforzheim go to  not identified details go to  not identified details go to Julius Lemor - Breslau details go to  not identified details go to  not identified details go to  not identified details go to  not identified details go to Koberlin Gebruder go to Kunz J. & Co Bremer Silberwaren-Fabrik AG - Bremen H. Meyen & Co (possibly) - Berlin WMF - Wurttembergische Metallwaren Fabrik Jager & Co Plaz & Kalber G.m.b.H. Schlingloff J.L. Koch & Bergfeld - Bremen 1899 Richard Köberlin - Döbeln/Sachsen Manns Adam & Sohn - Dornigheim b. Hanau Kaltenbach Karl & Sohne - Altensteig

This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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