FRENCH SILVERPLATE MARKS
PLATED AND ELECTROPLATED SILVER MARKS OF FRANCE
DOUBLÉ, PLAQUÉE, METAL, METAL BLANC, MÉTAL ARGENTÉ
-E - K-

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FRENCH SILVERPLATE MARKS

DIRECTORY BY INITIALS/SYMBOLS      DIRECTORY BY NAMES

MAKER'S MARK INITIAL: A - B     C - D     E - K     L - O     P - Z    


DIRECTORY OF FRENCH SILVERSMITHS HALLMARKS
REPERTOIRE DES ORFEVRES FRANCAIS

 AA      AH      B      CA      CG      D      EA      EJ      F      GA      GH      HA      HG      I      JA      JH      K      LA      LH      MA      MH      N      O      PA      PH      Q      R      S      T      U      V      W      X      Y      Z 



French solid silver is characterized by series of hallmarks and the presence of the maker's mark in a lozenge/diamond-shaped cartouche.
On plated metal a square or rectangular cartouche is used for maker's mark.

From 1797 the mark of the "métal plaqué", equivalent to British "Old Sheffield Plate", was a square or rectangular cartouche containing:
- the initials of the maker
- the word "DOUBLÉ" or "PLAQUÉ"
- the figure indicating the quantity of silver (optional)
The thickness of silver was indicated by a number followed by a small "E", "M" or "EM", as abbreviation of Dixième (Tenth). The number represented the percentage of silver relative to the base metal (higher numbers are indicative of the poorest quality of plating)
French silverplate maker: Veyrat Jean-François French silverplate mark: doublé French silverplate mark: doublé French silverplate mark: plaqué


From 1860, to differentiate the "métal plaqué" from the "argenture par dépôt électrolytique", equivalent to British EPNS (Electro Plated Nickel Silver), were used square marks containing:
- the initials of the maker and the figure indicating the quantity of silver
French silverplate mark: after 1860


- the initials of the maker, a symbol and the figure indicating the quantity of silver
French silverplate mark after 1860 French silverplate mark after 1860


- the initials of the maker and a symbol accompanied by another cartouche containing the figure of the silver content
French silverplate mark after 1860 French silverplate mark after 1860


Sometimes they are accompanied by additional marks with the inscription "METAL" or "METAL BLANC" (WHITE METAL)
French additional silverplate mark: METAL French additional silverplate mark: METAL BLANC




MÉTAL ARGENTÉ
To strengthen consumer protection, the French Parliament voted on July 1, 1983 a law which reformed the Guarantee and codified the conditions of silver hallmarking. In this context it was decided to measure the thickness of silver deposited on the entire surface and to institute minimum standard thicknesses for silverplate.
The old mark expressed in grams, which is not compulsory, remains in use. Often it indicates silver weights greater than the new imposed standards.
The new square hallmark (applicable from August 1984) therefore guarantees the thickness of the silver layer deposited on the item.
The POINÇON CARRÉ is the official mark for "métal argenté".
It is a square containing:
- I or II, identifying the first or second quality of manufacture
- a symbol identifying the maker
- the initials of the maker
French silverplate mark: POINÇON CARRÉ French silverplate mark: POINÇON CARRÉ

These are the requirements to be allowed to use the "POINÇON CARRÉ" mark and "métal argenté" denomination
(plating thickness is measured in Micrometers: a micron is one thousandth of a millimeter or 0.001mm).
French silverplate mark: POINÇON CARRÉ, quality requirements in microns

NUMBERS IN FRENCH SILVERPLATE
The meaning of numbers in French silverplate marks has changed over time:
1797 - c. 1860
number accompanied by "E", "M" or "EM" (meaning Dixiéme / tenth) in the upper right corner. This number is the percentage of silver used to plate the copper ingot (plating was made using the system known in the UK as "Old Sheffield Plate")
c. 1860 - 1983
number alone or accompanied by "G" or "GR". This is the number of grams of silver used to plate a single item or a dozen of spoons or forks (referred to the process of silver electroplating which has supplanted the OSP system)
after 1983
"Roman" numbers I or II in a corner. This number identifies the first or second quality of "métal argenté". The quality of the plating is determined by the microns of silver present on the item (a micron is one thousandth of a millimeter or 0.001mm).


FRENCH SILVERPLATE MAKERS

French silverplate maker not identified: EB French silverplate maker not identified: EB Maker not identified,
EB and an hourglass / un sablier

French silverplate maker: Veuve Léontine Compère, widow of Ernest Compère Veuve Léontine Compère, 79 rue Quincampoix, Paris, widow of Ernest Compère (1868-1888) active 1888-1911
EC Vve and a running rabbit / un lapin courant

French silverplate maker: Hermès Emile French silverplate maker: Hermès Emile Hermès Emile, 21 rue Boissy d'Anglas, Paris, active from 1922
EH and a stirrup / un ètrier

French silverplate maker: Puiforcat Emile French silverplate maker: Puiforcat Emile French silverplate maker: Puiforcat Emile (after 1983) French silverplate maker: Puiforcat Emile (after 1983) French silverplate maker: Puiforcat Emile (after 1983) Puiforcat Emile, company founded in Paris in 1820 by Emile Puiforcat and his two cousins. Owes most of its renown to Jean Puiforcat (1897-1945), who established the company in the avant-garde of modern silverwork
EP and a pocket knife / un couteau de poche




French silverplate maker: Chéron Félix French silverplate maker: Chéron Félix French silverplate maker: Chéron Félix French silverplate maker: Chéron Félix Chéron Félix, factory active in Méry-sur-Oise (Seine-et-Oise, north of Paris). Founded by Félix Chéron, manufacturer of "Couverts de Méry" on its own base metal "Blanc Méry". Bought after bankrupt by Christofle in 1877 maintaining Cheron as director
FC and a crown / une couronne

French silverplate maker: Gandais Jacques Augustin Félix Frères, 1 rue Alsace, Toulouse, active c. 1875
FELIX Fres

French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise French silverplate maker: Frionnet Françoise Frionnet François, 8 rue des Quatre-Fils, Paris, succeeded to Frionnet Albert in 1944
FF and a croissant / un croissant

French silverplate maker:FF Maker not identified
FF and a winged lion / un lion ailé

French silverplate maker: Levrat François French silverplate maker: Levrat François Levrat François, Paris, active from 1811
FL and a crescent moon, an arrow, a star below / un croissant de lune, une flèche, une étoile en dessous

French silverplate maker: Orfèvrerie Gallia Gallia a trade mark of Christofle
GALLIA and a rooster / un coq

French silverplate maker: Gandais Jacques Augustin French silverplate maker: Gandais Jacques Augustin Gandais Jacques Augustin, active c.1834
GANDAIS and "DOUBLÉ" into a square

French silverplate maker: Boin - Taburet French silverplate maker: Boin - Taburet Boin - Taburet, 3 rue Pasquier, Paris, active c. 1900
GB and a stool / un tabouret

French silverplate maker: Carpentier Gustave fils French silverplate maker: Carpentier Gustave fils French silverplate maker: Carpentier Gustave fils Carpentier Gustave fils, 40 quai Jemmapes, Paris, active from 1922
GC and a sword / une épée

French silverplate maker: Maker not identified French silverplate maker: Maker not identified Maker not identified,
GD and a silversmith's hammer / un marteau d'orfèvre

French silverplate maker: G. Durousseau (possibly) Durousseau G. (possibly), Lyon, possible predecessor of Durousseau & Raynaud
GD and a press / une presse

French silverplate maker: Fouquet-Lapar George Fouquet-Lapar George, 25 rue de Choiseul, Paris, active 1897-1925. Succeeded to his father in law Leon Lapar
GFL and a chisel / un ciseau d'orfèvre




French silverplate maker: Gabriel Gay & Cie Gay Gabriel & Cie, Grenoble
GG and a boxer / un boxeur

French silverplate maker: Giacobbi Georges French silverplate maker: Giacobbi Georges Giacobbi Georges, 38 rue des Blancs Manteaux, Paris, active from 1919
GG and a star / une étoile

French silverplate maker not identified GM Maker not identified,
GM

French silverplate maker: Hénin & Cie Hénin & Cie, 77 rue des Archives, Paris, active from 1896. Succeeded to Hénin & Vivier
H&Cie and a rosebud above, a star below the initials / un bouton de rose au-dessus, une étoile au-dessous des initiales

French silverplate maker: Kindberg Henry French silverplate maker: Kindberg Henry Kindberg Henry, Paris, active 1824-1838
HK and a grasshopper pierced by an arrow / une sauterelle transpercée d'une flèche

French silverplate maker: Soufflot Henri Soufflot Henri, 89 rue de Turbigo, Paris, active from 1884-1910
HS and a rising sun / un soleil levant

French silverplate maker: J. Brille French silverplate maker: J. Brille J. Brille, 12 rue Debelleyme, Paris, a successor of Henry Brille (active c.1920s as Orbrille)
JB and a star over a lyre / une étoile, une lyre au-dessus

French silverplate maker not identified JP Maker not identified,
JP

French silverplate maker: Moucheront Jean Moucheront Jean, 24 rue Beaubourg, Paris, active first quarter 20th century
JM and a gabion / un gabion

French silverplate maker: Kahn & Compagnie Kahn & Compagnie, 1156 faubourg Poissonnière, Paris, active late 19th/early 20th century
K&Cie, under a +, over a star / un + et une étoile au-dessus

FRENCH SILVERPLATE MARKS

DIRECTORY BY INITIALS/SYMBOLS      DIRECTORY BY NAMES

MAKER'S MARK INITIAL: A - B     C - D     E - K     L - O     P - Z    


This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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