A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU

CHINESE EXPORT SILVER
By the late 18th/early 19th centuries, the phenomenon we now know as Chinese Export Silver was well-entrenched. It happened simply because silver, as a material, was more plentiful in China than anywhere else and the art of silversmithing had been perfected to such a high level. It was also relatively cheap, compared to Western counterparts.
This capability was quick to be recognized; merchants and sea-captains began to bring western silver items as examples to be copied, while the demand for bespoke items also increased. It is because of this surge of requests to "copy" that we find a peculiarly Chinese Export Silver circumstance mainly in relation to silver created in the 1785/1840 period.
The phenomenon is often referred to as "pseudo-hallmarks" and most Chinese silversmiths adopted them. But, initially they did so unwittingly, since when they were asked to faithfully copy items brought from the West, many of them had British hallmarks - and so the silversmiths copied "faithfully" hallmarks and all! Yet, not fully understanding the significance of the information these marks imparted, a degree of artistic license was applied; date letters were replaced by a letter that might have been the first Latin letter of the silversmith's name, often using local transcribing. Nearly all silver created during this period was of Western form.



It is during the 1840/1880 period of Chinese Export Silver making we see a change in appearance of the silver produced and the marks makers used on them. Chinese motifs begin to appear on items. It is also during this period we see more silversmiths appearing. Makers' marks also changed in as much as some makers began to use marks that combined Latin initials of the maker along with a mark in Chinese characters or ideograms of the actual artisan silversmith that carried out the work under the roof of the master silversmith. This latter mark is known as the "chopmark". This indicates that makers probably ran workshops where several experienced silver makers operated until the master artisan silversmith,the man behind the Chinese chopmark, finished it.
The 1880/1940 manufacturing period of Chinese Export Silver is where we find a larger number of known silversmiths operating. As with the preceding periods, makers' marks are equally non-consistent in format.
In any case, keep in mind that name or initials in Latin characters are not the name of the actual maker. They will almost certainly identify the retail silversmith or, more correctly, the name under which he trades.




A - B -C - D - E - F    G - H - I - J - K    L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S    T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
CHINESE EXPORT SILVER MAKER'S MARKS
A - B -C - D - E - F


A
Chinese Export silver maker's mark:A and English pseudo hallmarks, unidentified
unidentified
ACAO
Chinese Export silver maker's mark:ACAO and English pseudo hallmarks, unidentified
unidentified - Canton
active c.1825-1850
C
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified, possibly Canton
unidentified - possibly Canton
active c.1800-1850
CC
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: CC unidentified maker, Canton Chinese Export silver maker's mark: CC unidentified maker, Canton
unidentified - Canton
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: CC unidentified (Chinese name)
active 1800-1850 working both English and Chinese taste
workshop/artisan marks
CC unidentified maker/artisan mark CC unidentified maker/artisan mark
CHEONGSHING
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cheong Shing, 21 Nanking Road, Shanghai & Canton
Cheong Shing, 21 Nanking Road, Shanghai & Canton
active c.1880-1915
CHICHEONG
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: CHICHEONG unidentified
unidentified
CHIENAM
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Chienam, place undocumented
Chienam - place undocumented
active c.1850-1860
C.J      C.J.Co
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: C.J.&Co unidentified Chinese Export silver maker's mark: C.J.&Co unidentified
unidentified - Shanghai
active c.1875-1930
CS
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cumshing - Canton Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cumshing - Canton Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cumshing - Canton
Cumshing - Canton
active c.1775-1825
workshop/artisan marks
Cumshing workshop/artisan marks
CU (conjoined)      CUT
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cutshing Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cutshing Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cutshing Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cutshing
Cutshing, 8 New China Street and Old China Street, Canton
active c.1825-1875. The CU conjoined mark was used 1825-1840, the CU 1850-1860 and the CUT 1840-1870
CW
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cumwo
Cumwo, Queens Road, Hong Kong
active c.1850-1900
workshop/artisan mark
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Cumwo





Guang Yuan (Kuang Yuan)
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Guang Yuan (Kuang Yuan) Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Guang Yuan (Kuang Yuan)
Guang Yuan (Kuang Yuan)
workshop/artisan mark
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Guang Yuan (Kuang Yuan)
GW
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Gen Wo or Gem Wo
Gen Wo or Gem Wo - Canton
active c.1850-1875
H (Lombardic character)
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Hoaching
Hoaching, Club Street, Honam Island, Canton
active c.1850-1890
HC      HUNGCHONG&CO
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Hung Chong & Co, Canton & Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Hung Chong & Co, Canton & Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Hung Chong & Co, Canton & Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Hung Chong & Co, Canton & Shanghai
Hung Chong & Co, Club Street, Canton
11b Nankin Road, Shanghai (c.1888)
active c.1860-1930
HCG
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Houcheong or Houchong
Houcheong or Houchong, New China Street, Canton
active c.1825-1850
HCH
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified HCH
unidentified, Canton
active c.1830-1875
H.G
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified H.G
unidentified
HHC
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Hei Hing Ch'eung
Hei Hing Ch'eung, Canton
active c.1830-1890
HK
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified HK
unidentified

HM
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified HM
unidentified
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Hui
Hui - Hong Kong
active 1850-1900
workshop/artisan mark
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Hui





I&CO
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified I&CO
unidentified

JK
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified JK
unidentified
active last quarter 19th century (possibly)
K (Gothic)
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified K Gothic
unidentified, possibly Canton
active 1825-1875 (possibly)
KC
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified KC
unidentified, Canton
active c. 1825-1875
KH
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwan Hing (possibly) Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwan Hing (possibly)
Kwan Hing, Shanghai (possibly)
active c. 1875-1930 (possibly)
KHC
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kecheong, Canton Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kecheong, Canton Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kecheong, Canton
Kecheong, Old China Street, Canton & Club Street, Honam Island, Canton
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kecheong (Chinese name)
active c. 1840-1870

KL
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Guang Li - Shanghai
Guang Li - Shanghai
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Guang Li - Shanghai (Chinese name)
active 2nd quarter 20th century
KMS
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwong Man Shing Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwong Man Shing
Kwong Man Shing - 24 Queen's Road-Hong Kong and, possibly, Canton
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwong Man Shing (Chinese name)
active 1875-1925





KW
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwan Wo
Kwan Wo - Canton or Hong Kong (possibly)
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwan Wo (Chinese name)
active 1870-1925
workshop/artisan marks
Kwan Wo workshop/artisan mark
K.W
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwong Wa - Hong Kong Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Kwong Wa - Hong Kong
Kwong Wa - Hong Kong
active c.1865-1895
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Feng Xiang (Lao Feng Xiang) Feng Xiang (Lao Feng Xiang)



Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Feng Xiang (Lao Feng Xiang)
Feng Xiang (Lao Feng Xiang) - Shanghai
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Feng Xiang (Lao Feng Xiang) (Chinese name)
active mid 19th (possibly earlier) to present day
L
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Linchong (Lin Chong) - New China Street, Canton
Linchong (Lin Chong) - New China Street, Canton
active c.1790-1850
LAINCHANG
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Lianchang (possibly)
Lianchang? - Shanghai
the maker using the mark LAINCHANG is unknown. Possibly the mark refers to Lianchang, active in Shanghai c. 1900-1940

Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Lao Tian Bao Lao Tian Bao



Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Lao Tian Bao
Lao Tian Bao - Hankou
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Lao Tian Bao
(Chinese name)





LC      LEECHING
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Leeching
Leeching
Canton, East Street; Canton, Sai Hing Kai; Canton, Club Street, Honam Is; Hong Kong, Queens Road; Hong Kong, 24A Queens Road; Shanghai, Nanking Road
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Leechingi (Chinese name)
active c.1840-1900
LEO
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified LEO, Canton
unidentified, Canton
active c.1825-1875
LH
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Luen Hing
Luen Hing, 231 Szechuen Road, Shanghai
active c.1875 - 1930
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Liang Shun Chi (Liang Shun Chi)




Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Liang Shun Chi

Liang Shun Chi - Hong Kong (possibly)
Chinese Export silver maker mark: Liang Shun Chi (Chinese name)
active early 20th century (possibly)
LOCK
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Lock Hing - Canton, Hong Kong & Shanghai
Lock Hing - Canton, Hong Kong & Shanghai
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Lock Hing - Canton, Hong Kong & Shanghai (Chinese name)
active c.1880-1915
LW      LUEN WO
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Luen Wo - Canton & Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Luen Wo - Canton & Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Luen Wo - Canton & Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Luen Wo - Canton & Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Luen Wo - Canton & Shanghai
Luen Wo - Canton & Shanghai
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Luen Wo - Canton & Shanghai (Chinese name)
active c.1865-1920
MB
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified MB
unidentified - Canton
active 1825-1850
MH
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified MH
unidentified - Canton (possibly)
MK
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified MK
unidentified - Canton
active 1825-1875
NK
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified NK
unidentified - Nanking (possibly)
active late 19th/early 20th century (possibly)
OS
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified OS
unidentified, possibly Onn Sing
PC
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Po Cheng (possibly)
Po Cheng (possibly) - Hong Kong (possibly)
active late 19th/early 20th century (possibly)
PL
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified PL
unidentified
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Powing (or Pao Ing) Powing (or Pao Ing)




Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Powing (or Pao Ing)
Powing (or Pao Ing) - Canton
active c.1775 - 1820
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Powing (or Pao Ing)
(Chinese name)





SF
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Sing Fat
Sing Fat - Canton & Hong Kong
in partnership with Wing Fat (WF) c. 1870-1930
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Sing Fat (Chinese name)
active c.1850-1930
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Sincere and Company (Shih Hsien) Sincere and Company (Shih Hsien)




Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Sincere and Company (Shih Hsien)
Sincere and Company (Shih Hsien) - Canton, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Peking
active c.1875 - 1935
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Sincere and Company (Shih Hsien)
(Chinese name)
SS
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Sun Shing,  New China Street, Canton Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Sunshing,  New China Street, Canton
Sunshing, New China Street, Canton
active c. 1790-1830
S.S
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Sun Shing
Sun Shing, Canton and 90 Queens Road Central New China Street, Hong Kong
active c. 1840-1910
T
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Tu Hopp - Canton
Tu Hopp - Canton
active c. 1830-1840
TAIKUT
Chinese Export silver maker's mark:  Taikut
Taikut - Hong Kong
active c. 1870
Chinese Export silver maker's mark:  Taikut
(Chinese name)
TC      TUCK CHANG
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Tuck Chang & Company Ltd - Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Tuck Chang & Company Ltd - Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Tuck Chang & Company Ltd - Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Tuck Chang & Company Ltd - Shanghai
Tuck Chang & Company Ltd - Shanghai
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Tuck Chang & Company Ltd - Shanghai (Chinese name)
active 1890-1915
TS      T.S
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Tin Sheng, Tin Shing, or Tien Sheng
Tin Sheng, Tin Shing, or Tien Sheng, 46 Stanley Street, Queen's Road Central, Hong Kong
active c. 1870-1925
TSUN TSUN
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Tsun Tsun
Tsun Tsun - Shanghai
operated out of Shanghai 1926-40 as a Chinese registered department store
W
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wong Shing, 15 Old China Street, Canton
Wong Shing, 15 Old China Street, Canton
active c. 1820-1860
WA
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified WA, Canton Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified WA, Canton Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified WA, Canton
unidentified, Canton
active c.1825-1875
WC
Wing Chung
Wing Chung - Hong Kong
active c.1850-1900
WE WE WC
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: WE WE WC, Canton
WE WE WC, Canton
active c. 1820-1880
a Chinese silversmith who copied British hallmarks when requested to faithfully copy items brought to Canton by sea captains and merchants. It is supposed the maker copied a hallmarked item made by English silversmiths William Eley, William Fearn and William Chawner (WE WF WC) mistaking the "F" of "Fearn" for an "E" and continuing to use it for 60 years
WF
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wing Fat
Wing Fat - Hong Kong and Canton
active c. 1900
WH     WANG HING
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai
Wang Hing & Company, Zetland House, 10 Queen's Road, Hong Kong;
1 Sai Sing Street, Canton (Guangzhou) and Shanghai
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wang Hing & Company -  Hong Kong, Canton [Guangzhou] and Shanghai (Chinese name)
active c. 1854-1925
workshop/artisan marks
Wang Hing & Company workshop/artisan mark





WHS
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wen Hua Shun
Wen Hua Shun - possibly Peking
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wen Hua Shun (Chinese name)
active 1900-1925
WING CHEONG
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wing Cheong
Wing Cheong - Hong Kong
active c. 1890
WN
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wing Nam
Wing Nam & Company, 65 Queen s Road-Hong Kong (probably a retailer)
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wing Nam (Chinese name)
active 1890-1940
workshop/artisan marks
Wing Nam workshop/artisan mark Wing Nam workshop/artisan mark
W.O      WING ON CO (possibly)
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wing On & Company Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wing On & Company
Wing On & Company, Des Voeux Road, Hong Kong
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Wing On & Company (Chinese name)
active 1900-1950
WOSHING      WS
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Woshing Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Woshing Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Woshing
Woshing, Kiangse Road, Shanghai
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Woshing (Chinese name)
active 1875-1915
workshop/artisan marks
Woshing workshop/artisan marks
YOK SANG
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: unidentified YOK SANG
unidentified
YS
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Yatshing - Canton
Yatshing - Canton
active c. 1800-1850
ZEE SUNG
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Zee Sung Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Zee Sung
Zee Sung - Shanghai
active c. 1910-1950
ZW      ZEEWO      ZEEWO SHANGHAI
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Zee Wo & Company
Zee Wo & Company - 370 Honan Road - Shanghai
Chinese Export silver maker's mark: Zee Wo & Company (Chinese name)
active c. 1900-1940
workshop/artisan marks
Zee Wo & Company workshop/artisan mark
CHINESE EXPORT SILVER MAKERS
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