ITALIAN SILVER MARKS AND HALLMARKS
KINGDOM OF SARDINIA (PIEDMONT)

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THE DIRECTORY OF 20th CENTURY ITALIAN SILVERSMITHS (SORTED BY PROVINCE)


kingdom of Sardinia coat of arms
In 1720 the kingdom of Sicily was exchanged for that of Sardinia, and the House of Savoy was enabled to call itself royal, as Kings of Sardinia. Although its name was the Kingdom of Sardinia, the main part of the kingdom was Savoy, under which royal house (the House of Savoy) the kingdom resorted. The capital of the kingdom was Turin. In 1743 the kingdom was combined with Piedmont as the Kingdom of Sardinia. When in 1796 Napoleon conquered the kingdom along with the rest of Northern Italy, the king, Charles Emmanuel IV fled to Sardinia.
In 1814 the kingdom was restored and enlarged with the addition of the former Republic of Genoa, now a duchy, and it served as a buffer state against France. In the 19th century the alternative name Sardinia-Piedmont came in use
During the Risorgimento the kingdom expanded to include almost all Italy. Lombardy was added in 1859. In 1860, Parma, Modena, Bologna, Marche, and the Romagna (i.e., the Papal States except Rome and Latium) were annexed by the kingdom. After the annexation (1861) of the Two Sicilies, Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed king of Italy.

MARKS FROM 1803 TO 1809 (FRENCH OCCUPATION)

French Authorities divided the occupied territories into eight "Département", each of them having its Assay Office and its own code inside the warranty mark (a number or one or two letters).
DEPARTEMENT ASSAY OFFICE
CODE
Alpes-Maritimes Nizza (Nice)
6
Dora (Doire) Ivrea
D
Marengo Alessandria
M
Mont-Blanc Chambery
63
Po (Pô) Torino (Turin)
PD
Sesia (Sésia) Vercelli
SE
Stura Cuneo
ST
Tanaro Asti
T
 
French hallmarking system was imposed introducing the same marks used in France for its "Département"
Départements 950/1000 Départements 800/1000 large works warranty mark small works warranty mark
silver fineness 950/1000
silver fineness 800/1000
large works warranty mark     
small works warranty mark
French occupation of Piedmont: possibly an unofficial mark meaning '11 Denari' (photo courtesy Edmondo Sestini) French occupation of Piedmont: possibly an unofficial mark meaning '11 Denari' French occupation of Piedmont: possibly an unofficial mark meaning '11 Denari'
DII: possibly an unofficial mark used on items bearing the old silver fineness '11 denari' (916/1000) in addition to the official hallmarks 800/1000 punched by the Assay Office


MARKS FROM 1809 TO 1814 (FRENCH OCCUPATION)

In 1809 France revised its hallmarking system and accordingly the marks of French "Département" in Italy were changed.
Also the codes of "Département" were modified.
DEPARTEMENT ASSAY OFFICE
CODE
Alpes-Maritimes Nizza (Nice)
6
Dora (Doire) Ivrea
23
Marengo Alessandria
59
Mont-Blanc Chambery
66
Po (Pô) Torino (Turin)
77
Sesia (Sésia) Vercelli
96
Stura Cuneo
99
Tanaro Asti
C
 
Départements 950/1000 Départements 800/1000 large works warranty mark Moyenne garantie Départements
silver fineness 950/1000
silver fineness 800/1000
large works warranty mark     
small works warranty mark
French occupation of Piedmont: possibly an unofficial mark meaning '11 Denari' (photo courtesy Edmondo Sestini)
DII: possibly an unofficial mark used on items bearing the old silver fineness '11 denari' (916/1000) in addition to the official hallmarks 800/1000 punched by the Assay Office


MARKS FROM 1814 TO 1824 (KINGDOM OF SARDINIA)

Regie Patenti, December 9, 1814
After the fall of Napoleon the sovereignty of king Vittorio Emanuele I of Savoy House was reinstated in its territories.
After the Congress of Vienna (1815) the Kingdom of Sardinia comprised the Princedom of Piedmont, the Duchy of Savoy, the County of Nizza and the former Republic of Genoa.

These territories became in 1861 part of the Kingdom of Italy (King Vittorio Emanuele II), except the Duchy of Savoy and the County of Nizza that had been transferred to France since 1859.

The hallmarking was changed again. The decimal system was abandoned and silver fineness was measured in "denari"
silver fineness 11 Denari, 916/1000 silver fineness 9 Denari, 750/1000 Genoa assay office 1822 assayer's mark of  Vernoni Giuseppe, Zecca di Torino
silver fineness 11 Denari
916/1000
silver fineness 9 Denari
750/1000
Genoa Assay Office
1822
assayer's mark of Giuseppe Vernoni, Zecca di Torino


MARKS FROM 1824 TO 1872 (KINGDOM OF SARDINIA)

In 1824 the hallmarking system had another modification. The decimal system of measure was reintroduced and new marks were used

Seven Assay Offices (Zecca) were maintained in activity:
Torino (Turin), Alessandria, Chambery (until 1859), Cuneo, Genova, Nizza (Nice, until 1859), Novara (closed in 1829).
Kingdom of Sardinia 950/1000 silver hallmark Kingdom of Sardinia 800/1000 silver hallmark Kingdom of Sardinia 950/1000 small works silver mark Kingdom o Sardinia 800/1000 small works silver mark Kingdom of Sardinia: verification for items made before 1824 large works (courtesy Andrea Menarini)
silver fineness
950/1000
large works
silver fineness
800/1000
large works
silver fineness
950/1000
small works
silver fineness
800/1000
small works
verification for items
made before 1824
large works
Torino assay office mark for 950/1000 silver Torino assay office mark for 950/1000 silver Alessandria assay office mark Chambery assay office mark Cuneo assay office mark Genova assay office mark Nizza assay office mark Novara assay office mark
Torino (950/1000)
Torino (800/1000)
Alessandria
Chambery
Cuneo
Genova
Nizza
Novara


This is a page of Silvercollection.it "A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu", a 1000 pages widely illustrated website offering all you wish to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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