THE DIRECTORY OF LATVIA AND ESTONIA
SILVERSMITHS

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ESTONIAN  /  LATVIAN SILVERSMITHS/MAKERS 1922 - 1939
(text and images by Postnikov)
Estonia silver mark
ESTONIA (E)

In January 1920 the Government decided to maintain in general the ex-Russian Law regarding silver. However the hallmarking system was changed. The first silver marks of the independent Estonia were a couple of marks, fleur-de-lys and the letters EW, standing for Eesti Vabariik (Estonian Republic). The silver fineness was still shown in zolotniks.The most common was 84 zol., but also 78 was accepted. A new law was made in May 27, 1924. The new mark was a lion moving left in an oval. The silver content was now shown in thousandths. The accepted silver fineness was now 800, 875, 900, 935/1000 and the maker's mark was struck besides the control mark. This marking system was used until 1944.


Estonia silver control mark: 1920/1924 Estonia silver control mark: 1920/1924 Estonia silver control mark: 1920/1924 Estonia silver control mark: 1920/1924


Estonia silver control mark: 1920/1924 Estonia silver control mark: 1920/1924





Latvia silver mark Latvia silver mark
LATVIA (L)

The hallmark was a female head with the Latvian crown into a rectangular frame with slightly rounded corners and 875 or 916 showing the silver content. The maker's mark was struck besides the control mark.
Estonia map
(courtesy ASCAS, Willand Ringborg)

(click on the photo to enlarge image)
MARK
FORM OF THE CARTOUCHE
TOWN
NAME OF THE SMITH/MAKER
YEAR
AI
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Alfred Joseph
1922-1939
unidentified mark: Tallin
AK
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
unidentified
1922-1939
unidentified mark: Tallin
AM (E)
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Aleksander Mussakin (1894 1970)
(information courtesy Alexander Mussak)
1922-1939
unidentified mark: Tallin
AN
circle
Tallinn (E)
unidentified
1922-1939
unidentified mark
AN
rectangle
(E)
unidentified
1924-1944
AR
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
August Reismann
1926
AT
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Alexander Treder
1884-1905
Alexandr Wilson: Tallinn/Riga
AW
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Riga (L)
Alexandr Wilson
1882-1903
BA
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
Bernhard Bergholtz: Riga
BB
oval
Riga (L)
Bernhard Bergholtz
1922-1939
Bernhard Bergholtz: Riga
BB
circle
Riga (L)
Bernhard Bergholtz
1922-1939
BR
oval
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
unidentified mark: Riga
CA
rectangle
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
unidentified mark: Riga
EA
rectangle
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
EA
rectangle
Tallin (E)
Eyland Adam
1924-1944
EB
rectangle
Riga (L)
Erich Backstad
1880-1904
Erich Backstad: Riga
EB
no cartouche
Riga (L)
Erich Backstad
1880-1904


E.BAKSTAD
no cartouche
Riga (L)
Erich Backstad
1880-1904
Emil Rudolf Ehrst: Riga
EE
lozenge
Riga (L)
Emil Rudolf Ehrst
1930-1936
EH
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Emanuel Himberg
.
Emanuel Himberg: Tallinn
EH
rectangle, round corners
Tallinn (E)
Emanuel Himberg
.
EK
circle
Tallinn (E)
Klaus Elmar
1922-1939
EK
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Edvard Karmer
1922-1939
EK
.
Tallinn (E)
Elmar Kraus
1922-1939
EP
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Evald Prant
1933-1940
unidentified: possibly Tallinn
ER
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
FH
rectangle
Riga (L)
Franz Hagen
1922-1939
FJ
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Joseph Franz
1922-1939
FL
rectangle, round corners
Dorpat (E)
F. Lepik
1922-1939
unidentified: Riga
GT
oval
Riga (L)
unidentified
.
unidentified: Riga
HG
rectangle, round corners
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
Hirsch Markowitsch: Tallinn
HM in diff. shapes/fonts
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Hirsch Markowitsch
1922-1939
H. MARKOWITSCH
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Hirsch Markowitsch
.
HO
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
unidentified: Tallin
HO
circle
Tallinn (E)
unidentified
1922-1939
Hugo Pabo: Tartu
HP
rectangle
Tartu (E)
Hugo Pabo
1922-1939
H.RADUSIP.OSIPOV
no cartouche
.
H.Raadusip Osipov
1922-1939
H.W.GLASENAP LIBAU
no cartouche
Libau (L)
H.W. Glasenapp
1922-1939
Schepelev Nicolai: Riga/Tallinn
cyrillic
rectangle
Riga (L)
Tallinn (E)
Nicolai Schepelev
1902-1919
Joseph Kopf: Tallinn
IK
oval
Tallinn (E)
Joseph Kopf
until 1928
Joseph Kopf: Tallinn
I. KOPF.
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Joseph Kopf
until 1928
Johannes Messner: Tallinn
IM intertwined
shield
Tallinn (E)
Johannes Messner
1922-1939
JA
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
unidentified: Tallinn
JA
oval
Tallinn (E)
unidentified
1922-1939
Jüliis Blüms: Riga
JB
rectangle, round corners
Riga (L)
Jüliis Blüms
1873-1932
Jüliis Blüms: Riga
JB
lozenge
Riga (L)
Jüliis Blüms
1873-1932
Joseph Kopf: Tallinn
JK
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Joseph Kopf
until 1928
Joseph Kopf: Tallinn
J. KOPF.
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Joseph Kopf
until 1928
Joseph Kopf: Tallinn
St. Eligius (image)
circle
Tallinn (E)
Joseph Kopf
after 1928
unidentified: Estonia
JJ
rectangle
(E)
unidentified
1924-1944


JL
.
.
unidentified
1922-1939
JN, J.N, IN
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Johannes Nömman
1922-1939
JP
rectangle
Pernu (E)
Johan Poot
1922-1939
JR
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Joseph Rubin
1922-1939
JS
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
JV
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
unidentified: Tallinn
KA
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
unidentified
1922-1939
unidentified: Riga
KA
rectangle
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
unidentified mark: Tallin
KL
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
unidentified
1922-1939
LANGE
rectangle, round corners
Tallinn (E)
Richard Lange
1922-1939
unidentified: Riga
LB
rectangle
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
Richard Lange: Riga
LR
rectangle
Riga (L)
Richard Lange
1903-1934
LR
rectangle
Riga (L)
L. Rosental
1897-1936
unidentified: Tallinn
MK
circle
Tallinn (E)
unidentified
.
unidentified: Tallinn
N
circle
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
unidentified: Latvia
NA
no cartouche
(L)
unidentified
1922-1939
OH
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
unidentified: Tallinn
OH
circle
Tallinn (E)
unidentified
1922-1939
OK
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
Nirk Orion: Tallin/Riga
ON
rectangle, round corners
Tallin (E)
Riga (L)
Nirk Orion
1922-1939
OV
rectangle
Tallin (E)/Riga (L)
Oskar Vük
1922-1939
Oskar Vük: Tallin/Riga
O.V.
oval
Tallin (E)
Riga (L)
Oskar Vük
1922-1939
PF
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
PG
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
RG
rectangle
Riga (L)
unidentified
1932
RL
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
Richard Lange: Tallinn
RL
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Richard Lange
1924-1944
R.Lange, R.LANGE
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Richard Lange
1922-1939
Richard Müller: Riga
RM
rectangle
Riga (L)
Richard Müller
1873-1906
R.M
rectangle
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
Edward Radus: Tallin
R&O
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Edward Radus
1905-1923


ROBPONE RIGA
no cartouche
Riga (L)
ROBPONE RIGA
.
Edward Radus: Tallin
ROMAN TAVAST TALLIN
no cartouche
Tallinn (E)
Roman Tavast
.
RP
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
unidentified
RP
oval
Riga (L)
unidentified
1922-1939
unidentified: Latvia
RP
no cartouche
(L)
unidentified
1922-1939
Roman Tavast: Tallin
RT, R.TAVAST
rectangle/letters
Tallinn (E)
Roman Tavast
1924-1944
SL
rectangle
.
unidentified
.
Theodor Grühn: Tallin
TG
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Theodor Grühn
1922-1939
Theodor Grühn: Tallin
VE
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Villem Erlang
1922-1939
unidentified: Latvia
VM
rectangle
(L)
unidentified
1922-1939
V. Tiido: Tartu
V.T
rectangle
Tartu (E)
V. Tiido
1922-1939
WS
rectangle
Tallinn (E)
Willem Seffer
1922-1939


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This is a page of 'The What is? Silver Dictionary' of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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