A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
FINLAND
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Finnish hallmarking system is organized on a compulsory base.
Finland was part of the Kingdom of Sweden until 1809 when it was ceded to Russia becoming an autonomous province.
Hallmarking in Finland was compulsory since 1754 and a date mark system introduced in 1759.
In 1810 the Swedish hallmarking system was abandoned and a new sequence of date letters introduced.

Since 1810 the national mark is one crown in a heart shaped contour.

Finland national control mark for silver
In the period 1925 - 1998 the crown into an oval mark was used for imported items.
Finland import mark 1925-1998

Until 1891 silver fineness was measured in luoti (13 and 13L) or in Russian zolotniks (84 and 78). From 1891 fineness is indicated in parts per thousand followed until 1973 by the letter H (from hopea, meaning silver).

Finland 13 luoti fineness mark Finland 78 zolotnik fineness mark
After 1891 a variety of silver fineness mark were used in Finland:
800 from 2001 to present
813H from 1895 to 1972
813 from 1892 to 1894 and from 1973 to 1974
830H from 1969 to 1972
830 from 1973 to present
875H from 1895 to 1968
916H from 1925 to 1968
925H from 1969 to 1972
925 from 1973 to present

Finland .813 fineness mark Finland .875 fineness mark Finland .916 fineness mark Finland .925 fineness mark

This is the table of the sequence of date letter marks introduced in 1810 (no standard pattern for date letter mark)
Finland: table of date letter silver marks introduced in 1810

The town mark is represented by symbols, full name or initial letters. Only from 1925 the town ceased to be created by the silversmith and the punches had to be ordered to a central supplier. Today they exist about 35 approved town marks.

20TH CENTURY FINNISH TOWN MARKS SELECTION

Finland: 20th century town marks

On maker's marks the silversmith's initials or figural symbols are used.
Finland silver makers of 20th century: silversmith's initials marks
Finland silver makers of 20th century: figural symbol marks
This is an example of the set of five marks requested in Finnish silver.
Finland: full set of silver marks


TABLE OF PRECIOUS METALS FINLAND PRESENT MARKS

Finland: present marks for precious metals


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SILVER FINENESS NUMBERS

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