A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
THE NETHERLANDS
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Dutch hallmarking system is organized on a compulsory base.

DUTCH HALLMARKS FROM 1953 TO PRESENT

silver
the Netherlands silver hallmarks
the Netherlands silver hallmark .925 large items the Netherlands silver hallmark .835 large items the Netherlands silver hallmark .835 small items

gold

the Netherlands gold hallmarks

platinum

the Netherlands platinum hallmarks

Assay Office marks

the Netherlands silver Assay Office marks
the Netherlands gold & platinumr Assay Office marks

Regional Assay Office mark
Identification letters: A - Amsterdam (closed 1988) B - Utrecht (closed 1986) C - The Hague ('s-Gravenhage) (closed 1988) D - Rotterdam (closed 1988) F - Leeuwarden (closed 1984) H - Arnhem (closed 1970) J - Joure (opened 2002) K - Den Bosch ('s-Hertogenbosch) (closed 1986) M - Schoonhoven (closed 1987) R - Gouda (opened 1988)


date letters

the Netherlands date letters marks the Netherlands date letters marks


HALLMARKING CONVENTION
Austria is from 1999 a country member of the Convention on the Control and Marking of Articles of Precious Metals, an international treaty between States on the cross border trade in precious metal articles. It was signed in Vienna in November 1972 and entered into force in 1975.
The Convention's Common Control Mark (CCM) has the same legal status as a national Assay Office mark. The CCM is applied by national Assay Offices to articles of platinum, gold, palladium and silver after the fineness of the alloy has been checked in accordance with agreed testing methods.
Articles bearing the CCM - together with the national Assay Office Mark, the responsibility mark (manufacturer or sponsor) and the fineness mark indicating its purity - do not have to be re-controlled or re-marked in the states members of the Convention.
The Netherlands Common Control Mark (CCM)


THE NETHERLANDS SILVER HALLMARKS 1807-1953

THE NETHERLANDS SILVER MAKER'S MARKS FROM 1814

worldwide hallmarks overview WORLD HALLMARKS OVERVIEW    A-B      C-F      G-L      M-R      S-Z   
SILVER FINENESS NUMBERS

OTHER EUROPEAN HALLMARKS (under construction)      and HALLMARKING CONVENTION

AUSTRIA     BELGIUM     CYPRUS     CZECHIA/CZECH REPUBLIC     DENMARK     ESTONIA    FINLAND     FRANCE     GERMANY     GREECE     HUNGARY     IRELAND     ITALY     LATVIA     LITHUANIA     LUXEMBOURG     MALTA     THE NETHERLANDS     NORWAY     POLAND     PORTUGAL     ROMANIA     SLOVAKIA     SLOVENIA     SPAIN     SWEDEN     SWITZERLAND     UNITED KINGDOM
English home page
This is a page of 'The What is? Silver Dictionary' of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
HOME - SITE MAP - SILVER DICTIONARY - COOKIES CONSENT AND PRIVACY