A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
NORWAY
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Norwegian hallmarking system is organized on a voluntary base.



Norway was in union with Denmark from 1380. In 1814 Norway was ceded to Sweden. In 1905 the union with Sweden was dissolved and the Norwegian constitutional monarchy was reinstated,
The modern Norwegian system of hallmarking came into effect after the 1891 Act.
It consists of the national symbol of a crowned rampant lion holding a battle axe inside a circular frame, the silver fineness mark and the maker's mark.
Norway national control mark for silver

In 1892, silver fineness was standardized at .830 and the mark 830S became compulsory. In 1920, standard .925 started to replace .830 purity.
At the present purity 999, 925, 830 and 800 are admitted for silver items, but .925 is the foremost standard in use.
Norway: .830 purity mark Norway: .830 purity mark Norway: .830 purity mark Norway: .925 purity mark Norway: .925 purity mark


OTHER MARKS ON NORWEGIAN SILVER AND SILVERPLATE


Norway: NM mark meaning Norskt Mönster The "NM" mark, often present in Norwegian silver, is the abbreviation of "Norskt Mönster" meaning Norwegian pattern. It is a kind of a copyright mark for Norway
Norway: NM mark meaning Norskt Mönster

Mark registered in 1929 by Norwegian Association of Gold and Silver Manufacturers
Mark registered in 1929 by the "Fabrikantgruppen innen Gull- og Solvvareleverandorenes Forening" (The manufacturer group within the Association of Gold and Silver Manufacturers)

Norway maker's mark: Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik
A quality mark, rarely used, introduced in 1947
A quality mark, rarely used, introduced in 1947 to certify the quality of silverware
Mark introduced in 1931 by Norwegian Goldsmiths'Association for white  metal plated with at least 60 grams of silver
Quality mark introduced in 1931 by the Norwegian Goldsmiths' Association for white metal plated with at least 60 grams of silver

Quality mark for white  metal plated with at least 60 grams of silver


HALLMARKING CONVENTION

Norway is from 1983 a country member of the Convention on the Control and Marking of Articles of Precious Metals, an international treaty between States on the cross border trade in precious metal articles. It was signed in Vienna in November 1972 and entered into force in 1975.
The Convention's Common Control Mark (CCM) has the same legal status as a national Assay Office mark. The CCM is applied by national Assay Offices to articles of platinum, gold, palladium and silver after the fineness of the alloy has been checked in accordance with agreed testing methods.
Articles bearing the CCM - together with the national Assay Office Mark, the responsibility mark (manufacturer or sponsor) and the fineness mark indicating its purity - do not have to be re-controlled or re-marked in the states members of the Convention.
Norway Common Control Mark (CCM)


NORWEGIAN / NORWAY MAKER'S MARKS: A-F
DIRECTORY:   
A-F     G-J     K-N     O-Z    

Norway maker's mark: Ole Aas - Trondhjem
Ole Aas - Trondhjem
active in the 1880s. Manufacturer of silverware and filigree works
Norway maker's mark: Magnus Aasek Norway maker's mark: Magnus Aasek
Magnus Aase - Bergen
Magnus Aase established his workshop in Bergen in 1899, and was eventually one of the country's best known silversmiths. In 1902 he and his brother Knut took over Theodor Olsen business
Norway maker's mark: David Andersen Norway maker's mark: David Andersen Norway maker's mark: David Andersen Norway maker's mark: David Andersen c.1888-1925 Norway maker's mark: David Andersen 1925-present Norway maker's mark: David Andersen 1925-present
David Andersen - Oslo
factory founded by David Andersen (1843-1901), active from 1876 in Kirkegaten 19 moving in 1888 to Carl Johansgt. 20. Andersen had realized the need to use mechanical equipment to compete on price. The firm obtained great success at the world exhibitions in Paris and St. Louis, establishing as a leader in the field of plique-a-jour enamelware. The company name was changed to David-Andersen (with a hyphen between the two names) in 1942.
Norway maker's mark: Andresen & Scheinpflug - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Andresen & Scheinpflug - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Andresen & Scheinpflug - Oslo
Andresen & Scheinpflug - Oslo
partnership of Jens Ingvald Andresen (1901-1974) and Scheinpflug. Active 1936-1966. Manufacturers of high quality enameled silver jewelry.
Norway maker's mark: John Baalerud - Oslo Norway maker's mark: John Baalerud - Oslo Norway maker's mark: John Baalerud - Oslo
John Baalerud - Oslo
(1914-1983) active from 1935 as manufacturer of enamelled jewellry. The business was closed in 1988
Norway maker's mark: Oystein Balle - Stavanger Norway maker's mark: Oystein Balle - Stavanger
Oystein Balle - Stavanger
Oystein Balle, born in Stavanger (1928-1998) was a fine Scandinavian silversmith and enamelist. Started his own workshop in 1953. Known for his use of colorful vitreous enamels in abstract modernist and biomorphic designs. Balle is known for its quality workmanship, innovative design, and vibrant colors. The workshop was closed in 1978
Norway maker's mark: Clemet Berg - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Clemet Berg - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Clemet Berg - Oslo
Clemet Berg - Oslo
(1852-1941) active from 1889 in the Norsk Filigransfabrikk in partnership with Samuel Holm (activity closed in 1897). Berg continued under his name until 1920. The workshop was bought by Emil Marthinsen who operated until 1960 under the style C.Bergs eftf.
Norway maker's mark: Asbjørn Birkelund - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Asbjørn Birkelund - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Asbjørn Birkelund - Oslo
Asbjørn Birkelund - Oslo
Asbjørn Birkelund (b.1923 - d.2006) active 1950-1992
Norway maker's mark: Fredrik Julius Brink - Oslo
Fredrik Julius Brink - Oslo
Born in Kristiania/Oslo in 1808, apprenticeship by Steinbach and Ebbesen in Copenhagen 1828-33, back in Kristiania he worked with Jacob Tostrup. Brink was a master in 1834. Before his death (1857) the business was overtaken by N. M. Thune
Norway maker's mark: Anna Greta Eker - Fredrikstad
Anna Greta Eker - Fredrikstad
born in Finland (1928), she settled in Norway after she married Erling Christoffersen, founder of the Norway Plus applied arts centre in Frederikstad. Together with Tone Vigeland, she defined the new wave of jewellery design in Norway in the 1960s and their work was widely exported
Norway maker's mark: Nils Erik Elvik (1853-1935) - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Nils Erik Elvik (1853-1935) - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Elvik & Co A/S - Oslo
Nils Erik Elvik - Oslo
Elvik & Co A/S - Oslo
Nils Erik Elvik (1853-1935) founder of a famous dynasty of several generations silversmiths (his son Nils Martin Elvik, 1887-1948, and grandsons Arnold and Edward). Elvik & Co was officially registered in 1941 by Edward Elvik but they appeared long before the registration, in the late 19th century. Manufacturers of high quality and materials, handcrafted enamel and silver. The markings include initials "NE" in a horseshoe (the hallmark for Nils Erik Elvik), or letter "E" in a cloud (the hallmark for both Nils Martin Elvik and Elvik & Co)
Norway maker's mark: Anthonius Frisch (1826 - 1916)
Anthonius Frisch - Oslo (1826 - 1916)
Norway maker's mark: Magnus Fryberg - Jönköping
Magnus Fryberg - Jönköping - active 1817-1834/41
Norway maker's mark: Gustav Gaudernack - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Gustav Gaudernack - Oslo
Gustav Gaudernack - Oslo
born in 1865 in Binsdorf (Austria-Hungary, now Bynovec, Czechia), formerly David Andersen main in-house designer. In 1910 he founded in Kristania the "Fabrik for Sølv-, Filigran- & emaljevarer" (Factory for Silver, Filigree & Enamelware). He died in 1914, but the activity continued until 1938 under the control of his wife, Anna Gaudernack, with Olaf Lindrup as manager and his son, Finn Gaudernack, as designer
Norway maker's mark: Alfred Halfdan Gjerstrøm - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Alfred Halfdan Gjerstrøm - Oslo
Alfred Halfdan Gjerstrøm - Oslo (1895-1960)
Norway maker's mark: Ole G Hæhre, Drammen Norway maker's mark: Ole G Hæhre, Drammen Norway maker's mark: Ole G Hæhre, Drammen
Ole G Hæhre, Drammen
Norway maker's mark: Marius Hammer - Bergen (1847 - 1927) Norway maker's mark: Marius Hammer - Bergen (1847 - 1927) Norway maker's mark: Marius Hammer - Bergen (1847 - 1927) Norway maker's mark: Marius Hammer - Bergen (1847 - 1927) Norway maker's mark: Marius Hammer - Bergen (1847 - 1927)
Marius Hammer - Bergen
Marius Hammer (1847 - 1927) settled in Bergen in 1871, and during the late 19th and early 20th centuries established what would eventually become Norway's largest goldsmithing workshop. In 1925 Theodor Olsen Eftf took over the Hammer business
Norway maker's mark: Leif Johan Hansen - Bergen
Leif Johan Hansen - Bergen - active 1948-1977
Norway maker's mark: Nils Hansen - Oslo Sølvvareverksted - Ørje Norway maker's mark: Nils Hansen - Oslo Sølvvareverksted - Ørje Norway maker's mark: Nils Hansen - Oslo Sølvvareverksted - Ørje Norway maker's mark: Nils Hansen - Oslo Sølvvareverksted - Ørje Norway maker's mark: Nils Hansen - Oslo Sølvvareverksted - Ørje
Nils Hansen - Oslo Sølvvareverksted - Ørje
Nils Hansen (b. 1877 - d. 1946) established in 1926 the siverware factory Oslo Sølvvareverksted. In 1990 the factory changed its name to Nils Hansen Sølvvarefabrikk AS. It was discontinued in 2001 and the production sold out.
Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957) Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957) Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957) Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957) Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957) Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom & Co - Stavanger (1868 - 1957) Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957) Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957)
Gustav Wilhelm Hellstrøm - Stavanger
(b. 1839 - d. 1902) Gustav Wilhelm Hellstrøm opened in 1868 his retail shop and a workshop in Stavanger. His son Gustav Fredrik Hellstrøm (1878 - 1965) was admitted as partner in the business in 1900 and succeeded in the activity at the death of his father (1902). The company's name was changed to G. Hellstrøm & Co, producing large quantities of silver and enamelware. The workshop closed in 1957
Norway maker's mark: Kristian M. Hestenes - Bergen Norway maker's mark: Kristian M. Hestenes - Bergen Norway maker's mark: Kristian M. Hestenes - Bergen Norway maker's mark: Kristian M. Hestenes - Bergen
Kristian M. Hestenes - Bergen
(b. 1873 - d. 1928) opened his shop with workshop in 1904. Manufacturer of flatware, holloware and jewellery items in silver. His son Magnus (b. 1901 - d. 1984) took over the company when his father died in 1928. The company closed in 1993.
Norway maker's mark: Olav Fridtjof Hjortdahl - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Olav Fridtjof Hjortdahl - Oslo
Olav Fridtjof Hjortdahl - Oslo
(1887 - 1954) Active from 1931. After his death (1954) his son Tore Hjortdahl continued the activity until 1970
Norway maker's mark: Aslak Sørensen Hodne - Kristiansand
Aslak Sørensen Hodne - Kristiansand (1857-1936)
Norway maker's mark: Aksel Holmsen -  Sandefjord (from 1932) Norway maker's mark: Aksel Holmsen -  Sandefjord (from 1932) Norway maker's mark: Aksel Holmsen -  Sandefjord (from 1932) Norway maker's mark: Aksel Holmsen -  Sandefjord (from 1932)
Aksel Holmsen - Sandefjord
Workshop established in 1904. His son Ivar took over the company in 1950. Out of business in 1971.
Norway maker's mark: Ivar T. Holth - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Ivar T. Holth - Oslo
Ivar T. Holth - Oslo
Ivar T. Holth (b.1909 - d.1977) began as wholesaler in 1943. In 1949, he founded Oslo Emalje- og Sølvvarefabrikk AS, which produced most of the enamel jewelery sold by his wholesale company. After his death (1977) the company was managed by his son Petter until 2007
Norway maker's mark: Ole Hval Norway maker's mark: Ole Hval
Ole Hval - Oslo
(b. 1871 - d. 1944) after apprenticeship with David Andersen continued to work in the firm until 1908. In 1908 entered in partnership with Emil Kristiansen founding the company Hval & Kristiansen. In 1931 the company closed down and Ole Hval opened a silver workshop of his own. In 1933 Hval left the management of the company, renamed Østlandske Sølv og Pletvarefabrik AS (closed in the 1960s).
Norway maker's mark: Ottar Hval
Ottar Hval - Oslo
Ottar Sverre Hval (b.1903), son of Ole Hval, apprenticed under his father at Hval & Kristiansen. in 1933, together with his father Ole Hvar, set up a business under the name Ottar Hval (closed in 1992)
Norway maker's mark: Finn Jensen -  Oslo Norway maker's mark: Finn Jensen -  Oslo
Finn Jensen - Oslo
Apprenticed to J. Tostrup. Manufacturer of vermeil guilloche enamel jewellery from 1953, succeeding to Jensen & Aamodt (partnership of Finn Jensen and Knut Aamodt, founded in 1946). The workshop continued activity after his death (1976) when was bought by OPRO
Norway maker's mark: Thorleif Johnsen -  Oslo Norway maker's mark: Thorleif Johnsen -  Oslo
Thorleif Johnsen - Oslo
Thorleif Johnsen (b.1891 - d.1935) trained in filigree at David Andersen. In 1912 established a craft shop for gold and enamel work. He is well known for his hand-painted enamel brooches
Norway maker's mark: N. A. Jørgensen - Brevik
N. A. Jørgensen - Brevik
(1869 - 1941)
Norway maker's mark: FFrank & Regine Juhls - Kautokeino
Frank & Regine Juhls - Kautokeino
Norway maker's mark: Johan G. Kjaerland - Bergen
Johan G. Kjaerland - Bergen
1937-1985
Norway maker's mark: Julie Kvarekval - Voss
Julie Kvarekval - Voss




Norway maker's mark: Lindrup & Egner
Olav Lindrup
Olav Lindrup (b.1875 - d.1968) founded Lindrup & Egner in 1919. In 1924 he openeded a workshop in his own name, active until 1942 when it was transferred to the wholesaler Hans Myhre.
Norway maker's mark: Brødrene Lohne Norway maker's mark: Brødrene Lohne
Brødrene Lohne - Bergen
Founded in 1921 by brothers Alf and Johan Lohne. Bought by Theodor Olsens Eftf in 2011
Norway maker's mark: Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik Norway maker's mark: Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik
Norway maker's mark: Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik (silverplate) Norway maker's mark: Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik
Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik - Tonsberg
Norway maker's mark: Bernard Meldahl - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Bernard Meldahl - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Bernard Meldahl - Oslo
Bernard Meldahl - Oslo
b. 1873 d. 1950. Active 1931-1950. After his death the business was acquired by Hans Myhre
Norway maker's mark: Einar Modahl - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Einar Modahl - Oslo
Einar Modahl - Oslo
enamelware workshop established by Einar Modahl in 1920. In 1937 Modhal entered in partnership with Otto Frisch and the business became a limited company. At the death of Modhal (1951) the company continued activity under the management of Otto Frisch. After the death of Frisch (1970) the company closed in 1987.
Norway maker's mark: Henrik Møller - Trondhjem Norway maker's mark: Henrik Møller - Trondhjem
Henrik Møller - Trondhjem
Norway maker's mark: Hans Myhre - Oslo
Hans Myhre - Oslo
In the early 1950s bought Hroar Prydz and Bernhard Meldahl jewelry businesses. Myhre & Prydz lines where bought by David Andersen.
Norway maker's mark: Brødrene Mylius - Kragerø Norway maker's mark: Brødrene Mylius - Kragerø Norway maker's mark: Brødrene Mylius - Kragerø
Brødrene Mylius - Kragerø
Norway maker's mark: Haakon Schanke Nielsen - Bergen
Haakon Schanke Nielsen - Bergen
Norway maker's mark: Arne Nordlie - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Arne Nordlie - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Arne Nordlie - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Arne Nordlie - Oslo
Arne Nordlie - Oslo
(b. 1908 - d. 1995) after apprenticeship at J. Torstrup opened his workshop in 1943 designing and making his silver and silver-enamel jewellery. In 1969, his son Per Arne Nordlie joined the company as a trained goldsmith.
Norway maker's mark: Norsk Filigransfabrikk - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Norsk Filigransfabrikk - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Norsk Filigransfabrikk - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Norsk Filigransfabrikk - Oslo
Norsk Filigransfabrikk - Oslo
Founded by Clement Berg and Samuel Holm in 1889 and ran with several variations of officially licenses until 1906 when the company closed down. In 1910 Norsk Filigransfabrikk started up again with Albert Scharning as General Manager who continued in this role until 1927 when Einar Modahl joined as partner. Norsk Filigransfabrikk ceased activity in 1931.
Norway maker's mark: Norsk Sølvvareindustri - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Norsk Sølvvareindustri - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Norsk Sølvvareindustri - Oslo
Norsk Sølvvareindustri - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Ole Olberg Norway maker's mark: Ole Olberg Norway maker's mark: Ole Olberg
Ole Nicolai Olberg
(b.1875 - d. 1954) workshop founded in 1907. Manufacturer of filigree work for export and, later, maker of enamelled items
Norway maker's mark: Theodor Olsen
Theodor Olsens Eftf - Bergen
Founded by Theodore Olsen (1837-1890) in 1868. After his death the silversmithery and store were sold to brothers Magnus and Knut Aase, but continued under the name of Theodore Olsen. Since then, many generations of the Aase family have managed the firm. In 2016 Theodor Olsen Eftf became Arven AS
Norway maker's mark: OPRO Produkter - Oslo
OPRO Produkter - Oslo
Founded in 1945 by Ole-Petter Raasch Olsen. In 1976 OPRO bought Finn Jensen business
Norway maker's mark: H.C. Østrem A/S - Drammen Norway maker's mark: H.C. Østrem A/S - Drammen
H.C. Østrem A/S - Drammen
a wholesale business founded in 1875 by Hans Christian Østrem. It was for many years the leading wholesaler in the jewelry industry in Norway. The company closed down in 2002.
Norway maker's mark: Hroar Prydz - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Hroar Prydz - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Hroar Prydz - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Hroar Prydz - Oslo
Hroar Prydz - Oslo
(b. 1859 - d. 1937) a wholesale company founded by Hroar Prydz in 1891. It sold mainly German goods. The company was bought by Hans Myhre after Prydz death (1937). Took over by Else Berntsen Hughes (Studio Else & Paul) in 1965 and closed in 1985
Norway maker's mark: Knut A. Rasmussen - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Knut A. Rasmussen - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Knut A. Rasmussen - Oslo
Knut A. Rasmussen - Oslo
Knut Andreas Rasmussen (b.1837 - d.1918) opened a workshop in 1872 specializing in the fabrication of filigree. In 1901 his son Edward Julius Rasmussen (1866-1927) took over the company. After the death of Edward Julius Rasmussen, his wife Hilda Rasmussen took over the business together with the family's eldest son Torleiv Rasmussen. The store and the goldsmith business closed in the 1960s.
Norway maker's mark: Georg Johannes Ruud (1888-1957) Norway maker's mark: Georg Johannes Ruud (1888-1957)
Georg Johannes Ruud
(b. 1888 - d. 1957) apprenticeship to David Andersen completed in 1906. In 1923, after working experience with Ole Olberg and Nils M. Elvik, he started up his own silver and enamelware workshop under the name of Georg J. Ruud. In 1952 Ruud entered in partnership with Bredo Martin Østby and the company name was changed to Georg J. Ruud & co. The company closed in 1958
Norway maker's mark: Saethers Gull- og Solvvarefabrikk - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Saethers Gull- og Solvvarefabrikk - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Saethers Gull- og Solvvarefabrikk - Oslo
Saethers Gull- og Solvvarefabrikk - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Albert Scharning - Oslo
Albert Scharning - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Ragnar Skalstad - Oslo Norway maker's mark: Ragnar Skalstad - Oslo
Ragnar Skalstad - Oslo
Ragnar Skalstad (b.1923-d.2001) workshop active 1953-1990
Norway maker's mark: N.M. Thune - Oslo (1857 - present) Norway maker's mark: N.M. Thune - Oslo (1857 - present) Norway maker's mark: N.M. Thune - Oslo (1857 - present) Norway maker's mark: N.M. Thune - Oslo (1857 - present)
N.M. Thune - Oslo
founded in 1857 by Nilius Martinius Thune (1831-90) who over the business of goldsmith FJ Brinck in Kristiania. During the first half of the 20th century, NM Thune was one of the dominant goldsmith companies of the country. In the 1950s and especially in the 1960s, interest in corpus works decreased. Thune therefore increasingly focused on cheaper enamel jewelery mainly intended for a younger audience and the tourist and export market. In 1982, NM Thune was sold out by the family and bought by Olav Thon and later by Erling Bjerke.
Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup
Jacob Tostrup - Oslo
(b. 1806 d. 1890) In 1832 Jacob Ulrich Holfeldt Tostrup opened the goldsmithing workshop J. Tostrup in Oslo. His grandson, goldsmith and designer Jacop Tostrup Prytz, took over the business in 1913. In 1960 Theodor Olsen Eftf bought the rights to produce several of Jacop Tostrup Prytz's best known designs
Tone Vigeland - Fredrikstad (1961 - present)
Tone Vigeland - Fredrikstad (active 1961 - present)
Throughout her career Tone Vigeland has been represented in numerous exhibitions and galleries. Her work can be seen in Applied Arts Museums worldwide.
Magnus Samuel Wessmann - Moss
Magnus Samuel Wessmann - Moss - active 1856-1892
Willy Winnæs - Oslo Willy Winnæs - Oslo Willy Winnæs for David Andersen
Willy Winnæs - Oslo
(b. 1911 - d. 2002) Willy Winnæs worked as a journeyman for J.Tostrup and later for David-Andersen. In 1941 he started his own workshop (closed in 1978)
NORWAY MAKERS DIRECTORY:     A-F     G-J     K-N     O-Z    




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