A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
ROMANIA
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Romanian hallmarking system is organized on a compulsory base.
Modern hallmarking of precious metals was introduced in 1906 by the Kingdom of Romania.

Romania silver hallmarks: 1906-1926 Romania silver hallmarks: 1906-1926 Romania silver hallmarks: 1906-1926

Silver hallmarks 1906-1926: fineness .950, .800 and .750

Romania silver hallmarks: 1926-1937 Romania silver hallmarks: 1926-1937 Romania silver hallmarks: 1926-1937 Romania silver hallmarks: 1926-1937 Romania silver hallmarks: 1926-1937

Silver hallmarks 1926-1937: fineness .950, .800 and .850.
The letter under the crown identifies the town. "A" is the symbol of Bucharest and "L" of Muntenia. Other letters as "C", "F", "N", "O" and "P" are unidentified.

Romania silver hallmarks: 1937-1949 Romania silver hallmarks: 1937-1949

Silver hallmarks 1937-1949: fineness .950, .800 and .750
The letter under the crown identifies the town. "A" is the symbol of Bucharest

Romania silver hallmarks: 1937-1949 Romania silver hallmarks: 1937-1949 Romania silver hallmarks: 1937-1949

P inside a lozenge: 12.1.1942 - 1.7.1948 Old objects sold through antique shops
R inside a circle: silver manufactured in Northern Transylvania (after 30 August 1940), Bucovina (after March 1 1944), Moldavia (April 6 1944-31.7.1944) or submitted by individuals according to the decision no. 225/1948 (4.3.1948-1.7.1948)

Romania silver hallmarks: 1949-1955

Silver hallmarks 1949-1955: fineness .950, .800 and .750.
Number "10" under the crown identifies the town of Bucharest (numbers from 1 to 9 weren't activated)

Romania silver hallmarks: 1955-1990 Romania silver hallmarks: 1955-1990

Silver hallmarks 1955-1990: fineness .916, .875, .800 and .750

Romania silver hallmarks: present

Silver hallmarks present: fineness .750, .800, .875, .916, .925, and .999
The State mark is a unique symbol with the indication of the precious metal title in Arabic numerals and maker's registration number with the ANPC (National Authority for Consumer Protection of the State mark).





worldwide hallmarks overview WORLD HALLMARKS OVERVIEW    A-B      C-F      G-L      M-R      S-Z   
SILVER FINENESS NUMBERS

OTHER EUROPEAN HALLMARKS (under construction)

AUSTRIA     BELGIUM     CYPRUS     CZECHIA/CZECH REPUBLIC     DENMARK     ESTONIA    FINLAND     FRANCE     GERMANY     GREECE     HUNGARY     IRELAND     ITALY     LATVIA     LITHUANIA     LUXEMBOURG     MALTA     THE NETHERLANDS     NORWAY     POLAND     PORTUGAL     ROMANIA     SLOVAKIA     SLOVENIA     SPAIN     SWEDEN     SWITZERLAND     UNITED KINGDOM

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