A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
SPAIN
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The present Spanish hallmarking system is organized on a voluntary base.

SPAIN
In 1934 the Spanish hallmarking system was organized on three types of marks:
- fineness mark, in the form of a "five-point star" for 915/1000 purity (plata de ley) and a "six-point comet" for 750/1000 purity (plata de segunda)
- maker's mark in a hexagonal contour
- assay office code, as a letter code stamped in the fineness mark star (this code was rarely used)
Spain: .915 fineness mark after 1934 Spain: .750 fineness mark after 1934
left: .915 fineness after 1934     right: .750 fineness after 1934

Spain: .915 fineness after 1934 1 Spain:  .915 mark fineness mark after 1934  with Barcelona Assay Office letter (B) 2 Spain: .750 fineness mark after 1934 3
1: .915 fineness mark after 1934     2: .915 fineness mark after 1934 with Barcelona Assay Office letter (B)     3: .750 fineness after 1934


maker's mark on silver items manufactured in Spain maker's mark on silver items of foreign manufacture
Spain: .915 fineness after 1934
Spanish maker's marks on silver items manufactured in Spain (hexagon) and abroad (triangle):
the number is the maker's registration number. The letter is the Assay Office code
Spanish present hallmarks of precious metals
From 1988 the standard mark is a rectangle containing the fineness number.
The fineness is accompanied by the Assay Office letter code
and the number "1, 2, 3 or 9" just over the right upper corner of the rectangle.
In 2002 the system was reformed and the alphanumeric code moved inside the rectangle.
Spanish Assay Offices code letters
Spanish Assay Offices are identified with the number "1"
with the exception of Baleares identified with the numbers "B2, B3, B9",
Castilla-Leon "CL1, CL2" and Cataluna "C1 and C2"

FURTHER SPANISH MARKS

SPAIN SILVERSMITHS

worldwide hallmarks overview WORLD HALLMARKS OVERVIEW    A-B      C-F      G-L      M-R      S-Z   
SILVER FINENESS NUMBERS

OTHER EUROPEAN HALLMARKS (under construction)

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