A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
ITALY
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Italian hallmarking system is organized on a compulsory base.

ITALIAN HALLMARKS

SILVERSMITH'S HALLMARK

Italian hallmarks: silversmith mark

The hallmark consists on a "star", a number (identifying the silversmith)
and a two letters alphabetic code (identifying the province)

PROVINCE CODES
AG  Agrigento    AL  Alessandria    AN Ancona    AO Aosta    AQ L'Aquila    AR Arezzo    AP Ascoli-Piceno    AT Asti    AV  Avellino    BA  Bari    BT  Barletta-Andria-Trani    BL  Belluno    BN Benevento    BG Bergamo    BI Biella    BO Bologna    BZ Bolzano      BS Brescia      BR Brindisi    CA Cagliari    CL Caltanissetta    CB Campobasso    CI Carbonia Iglesias    CE Caserta    CT Catania    CZ Catanzaro    CH Chieti    CO Como    CS Cosenza    CR Cremona    KR Crotone    CN Cuneo    EN Enna    FM Fermo    FE Ferrara    FI Firenze    FG Foggia    FC Forli-Cesena    FR Frosinone    GE Genova    GO Gorizia    GR Grosseto    IM Imperia    IS Isernia    SP La-Spezia    LT Latina    LELecce    LC Lecco    LI Livorno    LO Lodi    LU Lucca    MCMa cerata    MN Mantova    MS Massa-Carrara    MT Matera    VS Medio Campidano    ME Messina    MI Milano    MO Modena    MB Monza-Brianza    NA Napoli    NO Novara    NU Nuoro    OG Ogliastra    OT Olbia Tempio    OR Oristano    PD Padova    PA Palermo    PR Parma    PV Pavia    PG Perugia    PU Pesaro-Urbino    PE Pescara    PC Piacenza    PI Pisa    PT Pistoia    PN Pordenone    PZ Potenza    PO Prato    RG Ragusa    RA Ravenna    RC Reggio-Calabria    RE Reggio-Emilia    RI Rieti    RN Rimini    Roma Roma    RO Rovigo    SA Salerno    SS Sassari    SV Savona    SI Siena    SR Siracusa    SO Sondrio    TA Taranto    TETeramo    TR Terni    TO Torino    TP Trapani    TN Trento    TV Treviso    TS Trieste    UD Udine    VA Varese    VE Venezia    VBVerbania    VC Vercelli    VR Verona    VV Vibo-Valentia    VI Vicenza    VT Viterbo

METAL FINENESS MARK


SILVER
Italian marks: silver fineness
silver fineness 800/1000 and 925/1000


GOLD
Italian marks: gold fineness
gold fineness 750/1000 (left) and higher than 750/1000 (right)


PLATINUM
Italian marks: platinum fineness
platinum fineness 850/1000, 900/1000 and 950/1000


PALLADIUM
Italian marks: palladium fineness
palladium fineness 500/1000 and 950/1000

FURTHER ITALIAN MARKS


OTHER EUROPEAN HALLMARKS (under construction)

AUSTRIA     BELGIUM     CYPRUS     CZECH REPUBLIC     DENMARK     ESTONIA    FINLAND     FRANCE     GERMANY     GREECE     HUNGARY     IRELAND     ITALY     LATVIA     LITHUANIA     LUXEMBOURG     MALTA     THE NETHERLANDS     POLAND     PORTUGAL     SLOVAKIA     SLOVENIA     SPAIN     SWEDEN     SWITZERLAND     UNITED KINGDOM
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