A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
SWEDEN
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Swedish hallmarking system is organized on a compulsory base.

State control and standardisation of silver fineness in Sweden began in 1752. The national control mark was introduced in 1754 and in 1759 started a national alphanumerical date marking system. This system continues in present days.
Table of Swedish date marks
Table of Swedish date marks

The present form of National Control Mark started in 1901 consisting of the three crowns of the Swedish coat of arms in a trefoil shape.
The three crowns National Control Mark

The National Control Mark is accompanied by a mark with the letter "S" into a hexagonal frame indicating the minimum silver standard of .800. This is the minimum stardard, but also .830 and 925 (STERLING) are commonly used.
silver standard of .800 mark
Town marks were standardized after 1912. There are about 140 marks consisting of the town initial letter into a square or circular shape. Only Stockholm uses a crowned figure. From 1988 town and year marks are optional.
Left to right: town mark Stockholm, Göteborg, Vadstena, Malmö, Kristianstadt
Town mark: Stockholm Town mark: Göteborg Town mark: Vadstena Town mark: Malmö Town mark: Kristianstadt

From 1812 to 1988 foreign silver imported into Sweden is marked with the three crowns into an oval frame.
mark for foreign silver imported into Sweden mark for foreign silver imported into Sweden
SWEDISH SILVER MAKERS
Swedish silver hallmark
Sweden: maker Befa Guld- & Silvervarufabrik Ab mark, town Göteborg, date 1980
Swedish silver hallmark
Sweden: maker Erlandssons S-Varufabrik Rudolf P, town Kristianstadt, date 1917
Swedish silver hallmark
Sweden: maker Hallbergs Guldsmeds Ab C G, town Stockholm, date 1917
Swedish silver hallmark
Sweden: maker Guldsmedsaktiebolaget I Stockholm, town Stockholm, date 1922
Swedish silver hallmark
Sweden: import mark and Malmö Nysilverfabrik Gustaf Frost mark, town Malmö, date 1935
Swedish silver hallmark Swedish silver hallmark
Sweden: maker Rylens Guldsmedsaffär Håkan Rylen, town Vadstena, date 1992
Swedish silver hallmark
Sweden: maker Skandia Silver & Nysilver Ab, Stockholm (1933-1957), date 1944.
SAGA (probably retailer): Saga of Sweden AB Box 311, 421 23 Västra Frölunda from 2009
Swedish silver hallmark
Sweden: maker Ullner Carl, Malmö , 1916-1926, date 1921.

SWEDISH TOWN MARKS FROM 1912
Swedish town marks from 1912
Swedish town marks from 1912
Swedish town marks from 1912


THE DIRECTORY OF SWEDISH SILVER MAKERS FROM SWEDAC REGISTER


AA / AKIND    AKIRAM / B.HOLM    B HÄGGSTRÖM / BUR    BUR / CRE     CREARE / EJ    EJ(N) / FRITZ OLSSON    FRJ / GMK    GML / HGA    HGA / J SVENSSON    J WESTERLIND / JW    JW(F) / KYYS    KZM / LYKKE    LYL / NAW    NB / OTTO     OTTO HOLM / RLL     RLS / SIK    SIK / TAI    TAI / WHO    WHR / ÖSTERLEN   



HALLMARKING CONVENTION
Sweden is from 1975 a country member of the Convention on the Control and Marking of Articles of Precious Metals, an international treaty between States on the cross border trade in precious metal articles. It was signed in Vienna in November 1972 and entered into force in 1975.
The Convention's Common Control Mark (CCM) has the same legal status as a national Assay Office mark. The CCM is applied by national Assay Offices to articles of platinum, gold, palladium and silver after the fineness of the alloy has been checked in accordance with agreed testing methods.
Articles bearing the CCM - together with the national Assay Office Mark, the responsibility mark (manufacturer or sponsor) and the fineness mark indicating its purity - do not have to be re-controlled or re-marked in the states members of the Convention.
Sweden Common Control Mark (CCM)


worldwide hallmarks overview WORLD HALLMARKS OVERVIEW    A-B      C-F      G-L      M-R      S-Z   
SILVER FINENESS NUMBERS

OTHER EUROPEAN HALLMARKS (under construction)      and HALLMARKING CONVENTION

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