ENGLISH ELECTROPLATE SILVER

MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF SHEFFIELD AND BIRMINGHAM SILVER PLATE MAKERS
WITH THE ADDITION OF OTHER BRITISH, SCOTTISH AND IRISH MANUFACTURERS



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This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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The two common forms of plated silver are Sheffield plate and silverplate/electroplate.
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This 'silver sandwich' was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom.
Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V. Brugnatelli in 1805. Brugnatelli used his colleague Alessandro Volta's invention of five years earlier, the voltaic pile, to facilitate the first electrodeposition. Unfortunately, Brugnatelli's inventions were repressed by the French Academy of Sciences and did not become used in general industry for the following thirty years.
Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By 1839, scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates.
Soon after, John Wright of Birmingham, England, discovered that potassium cyanide was a suitable electrolyte for gold and silver electroplating.
Wright's associates, George Elkington and Henry Elkington were awarded the first patents for electroplating in 1840. These two then founded the electroplating industry in Birmingham England from where it spread around the world.
Common base metals include copper, brass, nickel silver - an alloy of copper, zinc and nickel - and Britannia metal - a tin alloy with 5-10% antimony.
Electroplated materials are often stamped EPNS for electroplated nickel on silver, or EPBM for electroplated Britannia metal.

THE DIRECTORY OF BRITISH ELECTROPLATED SILVER MAKERS: Oa-Oz

SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: MARKS' IMAGE & HISTORY
Aa/Az    Ba/Bd    Be/Bn    Bo/Bz    Ca/Cn    Co/Cz    Da/Dh    Di/Dz    Ea/Eo    Ep/Ez    Fa/Fh    Fi/Fz    Ga/Gn    Go/Gz    Ha/Hh    Hi/Hz    Ia/Jz    Ka/Kz    La/Lz    Ma/Maq    Mar/Mz    Na/Nz    Oa/Oz    Pa/Pg    Ph/Pz    Qa/Rz    Sa/Sh    Si/Sz    Ta/Uz    Va/Vz    Wa/Wh    Wi/Wz    Ya/Yz    Za/Zz    unk.#1    unk.#2    unk.#3    unk.#4   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERPLATE MARKS
AA/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HZ    IA/IZ    JA/JM    JN/KZ    LA/LZ    MA/OZ    PA/QZ    RA/RZ    SA/SZ    TA/UZ    VA/VZ    WA/ZZ   

|THE STEP BY STEP GUIDE TO SILVERPLATE MARKS|    |UK FIGURAL TRADE MARKS|    |UK TRADE NAME DIRECTORY|    |ALPHABETIC SYMBOLS|    |SILVERPLATE PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |DATING UK PATENT MARKS|    |OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE|    |ELKINGTON DATE LETTERS|    |WALKER & HALL DATE LETTERS|    |MAPPIN & WEBB DATE LETTERS|    |EPNS - EPBM|    |BRITANNIA METAL|    |UNIDENTIFIED SILVERPLATE MARKS|
Oetzmann & Co Limited - London
OETZMANN & CO LTD
London
A retail and import business established in 1848 and converted in a limited liability company in early 1900'. They were active at various London addresses (last 15 William Street, Hampstesad Road and 12 High Street, Camden Town).
Oldfields Limited - Liverpool
OLDFIELDS LTD
Liverpool
Founded and managed by Robert Charles Oldfield. Active at Old Post Place, Liverpool and 113 Vyse Street, Birmingham. The firm registered sterling silver marks in London, Birmingham and Sheffield Assay Offices




Oliver & Bower Ltd - Sheffield Oliver & Bower Ltd - Sheffield Oliver & Bower Ltd - Sheffield Oliver & Bower Ltd - Sheffield
OLIVER & BOWER LTD
Sheffield
founded c.1928 as Oliver & Bensley Ltd. Active at Howard Street and Arundel Street, Sheffield and Hatton Garden, London. Present in Sheffield Directories 1950-1957, later continuing to trade in London. The brand survived until c. 1990
Ollivant & Botsford - Manchester Ollivant & Botsford - Manchester
OLLIVANT & BOTSFORD
Manchester
Ollivant was a family of silversmiths watchmakers and retailers from the mid 18th century in Manchester. Mid 1850s, Thomas Whittenbury Ollivant and John Josiah Ollivant were joined by John William Botsford to form the company
Ollivant & Botsford, possibly at 2 Exchange Street and at 10 St Ann's Square, 12 & 14 St Ann's Street, Manchester. The business continued in Manchester until it was taken over in the 1960s by Mappin & Webb.
Osborn & Sons - Sheffield & Birmingham
OSBORN & SONS
Sheffield & Birmingham
A company managed by Thomas Osborn active in Birmingham (16 Bennett's Hill/54 New Streeet) and
Sheffield (Carver Street) between 1830 and 1860 as manufacturer of cutlery, surgical instruments, silversmith, electro-plater. etc.
T.E. Osborne Ltd - Sheffield T.E. Osborne & Co Ltd - Sheffield
T.E. OSBORNE LTD
T.E. OSBORNE & CO LTD
Sheffield
Thomas E. Osborne, active c. 1900-1968. Became & Co c. 1930. Osborne Tableware was purchased and incorporated by Carrs in 2009. Origin of the firm in Joshua Osborne, registered as silversmith in Sheffield in 1709 and Master Cutler in 1724.
F&C Osler Ltd - Sheffield F&C Osler Ltd - Sheffield
THOMAS OSLER
F & C OSLER & CO
F & C OSLER LTD
Birmingham
Founded by Thomas Osler in 1807 as supplier of ornaments for chandeliers. In 1831 his sons Follett and Clarkson Osler took over the business and the company grew to achieve worldwide renown. In 1852 The brothers renamed the firm
F & C Osler & Co and were succeeded in the business by their sons Henry Follett and Alfred Clarkson in 1876. They were active at Broad Street, Birmingham and 45 Oxford Street, London. In 1919 they acquired Faraday & Son Ltd, a lighting company specialised in metal period reproductions, working together in Faradays Wardour Street premises. In 1925 the two businesses were amalgamated under the name Osler & Faraday Ltd. After the second World War the company faced immense competition as cheaper methods of lighting were being produced and all existing trading ceased on 30th June 1965. Osler and Faraday lighting company, including the name and manufacturing rights to Osler & Faraday, were purchased by Wilkinson's in 1985.




Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield Thomas Otley & Sons - Sheffield: 1876-1888 Thomas Otley - Sheffield
THOMAS OTLEY
THOMAS OTLEY & SONS
Sheffield
Succeeded probably to Richard & Thomas Otley (1833-1845) and Thomas Otley & Co (1846-1860). Thomas Otley was active at Lambert St (1861-1864) and at Meadow Works, 33 New Meadow St (1865-1872). In 1872 the firm became Thomas Otley & Sons and Thomas Otley & Sons Ltd in 1900.
The firm (1908-1933) supplied its metalware to the trade for electroplating (example Otley's trademark coupled to Thomas Ellin name).
Otley used the trademark
BENVENUTO CELLINI and a figural trademark (Mechanical Man)

A 19th century trade card of Richard & Thomas Otley  - Sheffield A 19th advertisement of  Thomas Otley  - Sheffield




Charles Owen & Co - Sheffield Owen Brothers - Sheffield (possibly) Charles Owen - Sheffield
CHARLES OWEN
CHARLES OWEN & CO
OWEN BROTHERS
Sheffield
Active at 92 Wellington St (1853-1854), Wellington Works, 130 West St (1855-1860) and 3-7 Eldon St, Sheffield (1861-1863). The firm became Charles Owen & Co in 1863 at 3-7 Eldon St. (until 1871) and at 12 Baker Hill (1872-1878). In 1878 the firm changed to Owen Brothers until 1888, trading also as James Owen




Owen & Levick - Sheffield
OWEN & LEVICK
Sheffield
Active at 92 Wellington Street, Sheffield (c. 1852)
John Oxley & Co - Sheffield
JOHN OXLEY & CO
Sheffield
business founded in 1840 by John Oxley after the dissolution of the partnership with
Henry Atkin. Active in Charles Street, Sheffield until c. 1868

E.P.N.S. (Electroplated Nickel Silver) and EPBM (Electroplated Britannia Metal) are the most common names attributed to silver plate items. But many other names are used for silver plate:
EPWM - Electroplate on White Metal, EPC - Electroplate on Copper, Argentium, Argentine Plate, Argentum, Ascetic, Austrian Silver, Brazilian Silver, Buxbridge, Electrum, Encore, Exquisite, Insignia Plate, Nevada Silver, Norwegian Silver, Pelican Silver, Potosi Silver, Silverite, Sonora Silver, Spur Silver, Stainless Nickel, Stainless Nickel Silver, Venetian Silver, W.M White Metal,....





WORLDWIDE DIRECTORY OF SILVERPLATE MANUFACTURERS: HISTORY & MARKS
Rogers & Bro. - Waterbury CT hallmarkUSA & Canada     Mappin & Webb hallmarkWalker & Hall hallmarkUK Electroplate     Devices of Old Sheffiel PlateOld Sheffield Plate     Herrmann factory silver plate markContinental/Europe

BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

STERLING SILVER OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND IRELAND
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

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