A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU
THE WHAT IS? SILVER DICTIONARY

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
NORWAY
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Norwegian hallmarking system is organized on a voluntary base.
Norway was in union with Denmark from 1380. In 1814 Norway was ceded to Sweden. In 1905 the union with Sweden was dissolved and the Norwegian constitutional monarchy was reinstated,
The modern Norwegian system of hallmarking came into effect after the 1891 Act.
It consists of the national symbol of a crowned rampant lion holding a battle axe inside a circular frame, the silver fineness mark and the maker's mark.
Norway national control mark for silver

In 1892, silver fineness was standardized at .830 and the mark 830S became compulsory. In 1920, standard .925 started to replace .830 purity.
At the present purity 999, 925, 830 and 800 are admitted for silver items, but .925 is the foremost standard in use.
Norway: .830 purity mark Norway: .830 purity mark Norway: .830 purity mark Norway: .925 purity mark Norway: .925 purity mark

The "NM" mark often present in Norwegian silver is the abbreviation of "Norskt Mönster" meaning Norwegian pattern. It is a kind of a copyright mark for Norway
Norway: NM mark meaning Norskt Mönster


NORWEGIAN / NORWAY MAKER'S MARKS

Norway maker's mark: Magnus Aasek
Magnus Aase - Bergen
Norway maker's mark: David Andersen
Norway maker's mark: David Andersen
David Andersen - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Andresen & Scheinpflug - Oslo
Andresen & Scheinpflug - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Marius Hammer - Bergen (1847 - 1927)
Marius Hammer - Bergen (1847 - 1927)
Norway maker's mark: Nils Hansen - Oslo Sølvvareverksted - Ørje  (1909 - 2002)
Nils Hansen - Oslo Sølvvareverksted - Ørje (1909 - 2002)
Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957)
Norway maker's mark: Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957)
Gustav Hellstrom - Stavanger (1868 - 1957)
Norway maker's mark: Kristian M. Hestenes - Bergen
Kristian M. Hestenes - Bergen
Norway maker's mark: Aksel Holmsen -  Sandefjord (from 1932)
Norway maker's mark: Aksel Holmsen -  Sandefjord (from 1932)
Norway maker's mark: Aksel Holmsen -  Sandefjord (from 1932)
Aksel Holmsen - Sandefjord
Workshop established in 1904. His son Ivar took over the company in 1950. Out of business in 1971.
Norway maker's mark: Ivar T. Holth - Oslo
Ivar T. Holth - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Ottar Hval
Ottar Hval - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Finn Jensen -  Oslo
Finn Jensen - Oslo
Apprenticed to J. Tostrup. Manufacturer of vermeil guilloche enamel jewellery from 1953. The workshop continued activity after his death (1976)
Norway maker's mark: FFrank & Regine Juhls - Kautokeino
Frank & Regine Juhls - Kautokeino
Norway maker's mark: Johan G. Kjaerland - Bergen
Johan G. Kjaerland - Bergen
Norway maker's mark: Brødrene Lohne
Brødrene Lohne - Bergen
Norway maker's mark: Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik
Norway maker's mark: Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik
Thorvald Marthinsen Sølvvarefabrik - Tonsberg
Norway maker's mark: Henrik Møller - Trondheim
Henrik Møller - Trondheim
Norway maker's mark: Hans Myhre - Oslo
Hans Myhre - Oslo
In the early 1950s bought Hroar Prydz and Bernhard Meldahl jewelry businesses. Myhre & Prydz lines where bought by David Andersen.
Norway maker's mark: Brødrene Mylius - Kragerø
Brødrene Mylius - Kragerø
Norway maker's mark: Theodor Olsen
Theodor Olsen - Bergen
Norway maker's mark: H.C. Østrem A/S - Drammen
H.C. Østrem A/S - Drammen
Norway maker's mark: Hroar Prydz - Oslo
Hroar Prydz - Oslo
Bought by Hans Myhre in the early 1950s
Norway maker's mark: Karl A. Rasmussen - Oslo
Karl A. Rasmussen - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Georg Johannes Ruud (1888-1957)
Georg Johannes Ruud (1888-1957)
Norway maker's mark: Saethers Gull- og Solvvarefabrikk - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Saethers Gull- og Solvvarefabrikk - Oslo
Saethers Gull- og Solvvarefabrikk - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: Albert Scharning - Oslo
Albert Scharning - Oslo
Norway maker's mark: N.M. Thune - Oslo (1857 - present)
N.M. Thune - Oslo (1857 - present)
Norway maker's mark: Jacob Tostrup
Norway maker's mark: David Andersen
Jacob Tostrup - Oslo
Tone Vigeland - Fredrikstad (1961 - present)
Tone Vigeland - Fredrikstad (active 1961 - present)
Throughout her career Tone Vigeland has been represented in numerous exhibitions and galleries. Her work can be seen in Applied Arts Museums worldwide.


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