ARTHUR J. STONE
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HISTORY AND MARKS
Arthur J. Stone (1847-1938) was a leading silversmith from Gardner, Massachusetts. He was trained and worked in Sheffield, England, and Edinburgh, Scotland prior to coming to the U.S. in 1884. He was one of the last silversmiths in America to train apprentices to carry out designs in handwrought silver. Today, Stone is widely recognized as America's foremost Arts and Crafts silversmith.
He worked first for William B. Durgin Co. in Concord, New Hampshire, before moving in 1887 to Gardner, Massachusetts, to become designer, salesman, and manager of the hollowware department at the newly formed Frank W. Smith Company.
In 1895 he moved to New York City to become a partner with J. P. Howard, a silversmith and retailer. By 1897 Stone had returned to Gardner where established his own business and a home which operated until its sale to Henry Heywood, a Gardner businessman, in 1937.
The new proprietor continued the activity with the same craftsmen. He firstly renamed the firm to "The Stone Silver Shop" changing it later to "Stone Associates".
Heywood died in 1945, and his sons Henry Jr. and Jerome ran the business until 1957, when they closed the activity.
Ernest W. Lehtonen acquired the mark which he used on flatware, changing the lower case "h" in the shield to a capital "L".

CHRONOLOGY
Arthur J. Stone shop 1901-1936
The Stone Silver Shop 1936-1937
Stone Associates 1937-1957
mark sold to E.W.Lehtonen


STERLING SILVER MARKS                                                                                                                   .


When Stone began to hire and train apprentices and craftsmen they hammered out the flatware and holloware under his supervision while he did the designing, chasing and other decoration as well his own forging and raising. Each craftsman signed his own work stamping his initial, usually under the STERLING mark on holloware and after the STERLING in flatware. Most of Stone crafstmen continued activity and maintained their letter code mark under Heywood ownership.
This is the table of letter code marks of Stone assistants (chaser and designers rarely used initials):
 B         1906-1910 George P. Blanchard, spoonmaker
 B         1912-1937 Charles W. Brown, spoonmaker
 B         1931-1937 Edward Billing, chaser, designer
 B         date unkn. unidentified, holloware
*B*       1908-1909 William Blair, holloware
 C         1909-1919 David Carlson, holloware
 C         1922-1932 Magnus Carlberg, holloware
 c         1924-1937 Edgar C. Caron, holloware
 C         date unkn. unidentified, holloware
 E         1915-1932 George C. Erikson, flatware
 G         1920-1937 Herman W. Glendenning, holloware, flatware
 H         1909-1937 Arthur L. Hartwell, holloware
 H*        1912-1937 Benjamin H. Harrison, finisher
 L         1909-1912 Sylvanus E. Lamphrey, spoonmaker, line chaser
 O         1907-1911 Clinton B. Ogilvie, holloware
 P         1906-1907 John H. Petty, holloware
 P         1914-1916 Walter W. Pfeiffer, flatware
 T         1908-1937 Herbert A. Taylor, holloware
 U         1921-1927 Earle H. Underwood, holloware
 W        1912-1914 Alfred Wikstrom (or Wickstrom), flatware
 unkn.  ca.1921     Thomas Holmes
 unkn.  1923-1933 Lawrence Carlberg, apprentice
 unkn.  1927-1929 Andrew Walker, chaser
 unkn.  1928-1929 Charlotte Bone, designer
 unkn.  1929-1933 Ernest C. Pearson, finisher
 unkn.  ca.1929     Benjamin Holmes

Other collaborators of Stone were Herbert Langford Warren (designer) and Laurin Hovey Martin (enameler)


The making of handwrought silver, illustrated by Arthur Stone, produced for the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston







Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver Arthur J. Stone silver



SILVERPLATE AND ELECTROPLATED SILVER OF USA AND CANADA
AMERICAN SILVERPLATE MARKS
Aa / Al      Am / Az      Ba / Bh      Bi / Bz      C      D      E      F      G      H      I      J      K      L      Ma / Mh      Mi / Mz      N      O      P      Q      Ra / Rn      Ro / Rz      Sa / Sl      Sm / Sz      T      U      V      Wa / Wd      We / Wz      X      Y      Z     
LITERAL MARKS - INITIAL LETTERS          A - B - C - D - E       F - G - H - I - J - K - L       M - N - O - P - Q - R - S       T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z     
FIGURAL MARKS         anchorsanimalsarrowsbells,       birdscandelabracrossescrowns      fantastical entitieshorses       human figureslions,  musical instruments      plants and vegetablesstars      swords axes blades,    toolswindmillsothers
AMERICAN SILVERSMITHS         ALVIN CORPORATION      BLACK, STARR & FROST       J.E.CALDWELL & CO    CLEMENS FRIEDELL    WILLIAM GALE    GORHAM      HOLMES & EDWARDS    HOTCHKISS & SCHREUDER    INTERNATIONAL SILVER CO      KIRK STIEFF      DANIEL LOW & CO      LUNT SILVERSMITHS      MAUSER MFG. CO      MERIDEN BRITANNIA CO      POOLE SILVER CO      REED & BARTON      ROGERS      GEORGE W. SHIEBLER & CO      SHREVE, CRUMP & LOW      SIMPSON, HALL, MILLER & CO      WILLIAM SPRATLING      TIFFANY & CO      TOWLE      TUTTLE SILVERSMITHS     WALLACE      WATSON COMPANY      E.G. WEBSTER & SON     WHITING MFG CO     WILCOX SILVER PLATE CO
FLATWARE PATTERNS         GORHAM      HOLMES & EDWARDS     INTERNATIONAL SILVER CO      KIRK STIEFF CORPORATION      REED & BARTON      1847 ROGERS BROS      TOWLE MFG CO      WALLACE SILVERSMITHS INC.     

STERLING SILVER OF USA AND CANADA
AMERICAN STERLING SILVER MARKS
Aa / Am      An / Az      Ba / Bh      Bi / Bz      Ca / Cn      Co / Cz      Da / Dt      Du / Dz      E      Fa / Fn      Fo / Fz      Ga / Gh      Gi / Gz      Ha / Hh      Hi / Hz      I-J      K      La / Lh      Li / Lz      M      N      O      P - Q      Ra / Rn      Ro / Rz      Sa / Sh      Si / Sz      T - U - V      Wa / WG      Wh / Wz      X - Y - Z     

SILVER MANUFACTURERS: MARKS, HISTORY AND INFORMATION
Peter Charles Faberge mark    Gorham Athenic hallmark    International Silver Company mark    Georg Jensen hallmark 1945-1951    Kirk & Son mark    Meriden Britannia Company mark    Reed & Barton mark    Rogers Bros mark    Tiffany hallmarks    Towle Silversmiths mark    Wallace Silversmiths mark    Wiener Werkstatte monogram    WMF hallmarks   
Fabergé    Gorham    International Silver Co    Georg Jensen    Kirk Stieff    Meriden Britannia    Reed & Barton    Rogers    Tiffany & Co    Towle    Wallace    Wiener Werkstatte    WMF   

English home page
This is a page of 'The What is? Silver Dictionary' of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
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