THE DIRECTORY OF AUSTRALIA SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF AUSTRALIAN SILVER
|This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, silver marking system and silver hallmarks guide, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
SITE MAP -
- W - X - Y - Z -
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
| WALSH Alfred
WALSH & Sons (Alfred and Frederick)
WALSH BROS. (Alfred and Frederick)
| WENDT Joachim Matthias
|South Australia, Adelaide|
Born in Denmark, Joachim Matthias Wendt (1830-1917) began the business in 1852 as watchmaker and jeweller at Pirie Street, Adelaide, and in the same year opened premises at 68 Rundle Street. He moved to larger premises at 84 Rundle Street in 1861 and then no. 70 in 1874.J ulius Ludwig Schomburgk (ca.1818 -1893), a brother of Moritz Richard Schomburgk, was for many years Wendt's principal designer and workshop foreman. His business expanded steadily until it became one of the largest and best known in Australia. In 1869 he opened another shop at Mount Gambier and in 1888 another in Broken Hill, New South Wales, though this business was sold around 1895.
In 1903 his son Julius M. 'Juli' Wendt and stepson Hermann Koeppen-Wendt were brought in as partners in the firm and took over its management.
Business was transferred to a new shop at 74 Rundle Street in December 1904, with an optician's department and workshops on the first floor. Jule moved to London leaving Hermann in charge of the Adelaide business. When J. M. Wendt senior died in 1917, Hermann Koeppen-Wendt inherited the business. In 1927 his son Alan was brought into the company as an equal partner with his father, and in 1938 inherited the business, bringing his son Peter in as a partner in 1946. The company became Wendts Pty Ltd.in 1947 with Alan and Peter as directors.
| WILLIS THOMAS (possibly)
| YOUNG & COMPANY
| ZOELLER KARL
Zoeller, born in Germany and naturalised Australian, when WW1 began was interned and after the war was deported back to Germany, ending his life in South Africa. Zoeller retailed items manufactured by ABRAM BROOKSBANK & CO and T. Turner & Co of Sheffield
HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER -
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
AUSTRALIA AND ITS SILVER
A BRIEF HISTORY
|Australia in the 19th century was made up of six separate
colonies, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Queensland and Western Australia, South Australia
(including, at this time, also the Northern Territories).|
In term of working silversmiths only three colonies supported any number of craftsmen, namely South Wales capital,
Sydney, Victoria, capital Melbourne and South Australia capital, Adelaide.
In the first half of the 19th century inhabitants of Australia were few tenths of thousands and pre 1850
Australian silver by comparison to colonial silver in general must be considered very rare.
Most working silversmiths with retail business carried imported silver or plated items as current stock and
locally produced items were manufactured only to fulfill immediate orders (as presentation trophies) when the
waiting time to order pieces from England was too long.
No form of official mark or date letter system was introduced into the hallmarking of Australian silver.
Early Australian silversmiths marked their objects with their full name or initials and imitations of English hallmarks as leopard's heads, lions and anchors.
In 1988 was formed the Gold and Silversmiths Guild of Australia. A voluntary system of marking was introduced (maker's mark, standard mark, guild mark and date letter).
work in progress on this page - your help, corrections and suggestions will be greatly appreciated