HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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English home page
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SITE MAP - HOME PAGE
BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
HA - HB
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
HA mark, Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin,  Sheffield 1909 Atkin Bros ancient catalogue
HA
Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin-,
The firm traces its establishment to Thomas Law in mid 18th century. It was succeeded by Henry Atkin and John Oxley trading as Atkin, Oxley & Co. In 1840 Henry Atkin continued the trade as Henry Atkin & Co at 32 Howard Street, Sheffield. After his death, his brothers Harry Wrigth Atkin, Edward Thomas Atkin and Frank Shaw Atkin continued the business as Atkin Brothers. The firm was converted in 1925 into a limited liability company under the style of Atkin Brothers (Silversmiths) Ltd. In 1958 the flatware business was sold to C J Vander of London and the holloware business to Adie Brothers of Birmingham.
Sheffield 1909 hallmark
H.A mark,  Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin-,  Sheffield 1930
H.A
Atkin Bros -Harry Atkin-,
Turo Works, Matilda Street, Birmingham
Sheffield 1930 hallmark
HA over & over S into a pentagon mark, London 1919
HA over & over S into a pentagon
Holland Aldwinckle & Slater
Manufacturing silversmiths firm established in 1838 by Henry Holland. This mark was entered in 1905
London 1919 hallmark
HAMILTON 'elephant' CALCUTTA mark, Hamilton & Co
HAMILTON 'elephant' CALCUTTA
Hamilton & Co
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
HAMY and SI mark, William Hamy-retailer- and unidentified silversmith SI, Dublin 1828
HAMY and SI
William Hamy-retailer- and unidentified silversmith SI
Dublin 1828 hallmark
HAT into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Harold Arthur Thompson, London 1975 (courtesy Steve Carson)
HAT into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Harold Arthur Thompson
London 1975 hallmark
H.B into a rectangle mark, Henry Bourne, Birmingham 1888 H.B into a rectangle mark, Henry Bourne, Birmingham 1900
H.B into a rectangle
Henry Bourne
Ludgate Hill, Birmingham
Birmingham 1888 hallmark


Birmingham 1900 hallmark
possibly a mark used Henry Hutton Bourne (son of Henry)
HB in script into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Henry Bailey (possibly), London 1757 - courtesy Johnboys Antique Emporium
HB in script into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Henry Bailey -possibly-
London 1757 hallmark
HB in script mark, Hester Bateman, London 1786 HB in script mark, Hester Bateman, London 1782 HB in script mark, Hester Bateman, London 1789
HB in script
Hester Bateman
London 1786 hallmark




London 1782 hallmark





London 1789 hallmark

BATEMAN FAMILY - HISTORY AND MARKS
HB into a lozenge mark, Harrison Brothers - possibly -,Sheffield 1976 HB into a lozenge mark, Harrison Brothers - possibly -,Sheffield 1976
HB into a lozenge
Harrison Brothers - possibly -
Sheffield 1976 hallmark
HB&S into an indented  rectangle mark, Herbert Bushell & Son Ltd, Birmingham 1925
HB&S into an indented rectangle
Herbert Bushell & Son Ltd
Northampton Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1925 hallmark
HB over GB incuse without contour mark, Horatio and George Elliot Bartlett, London 1832
HB over GB incuse without contour
Horatio and George Elliot Bartlett,
entered 1826
27 Greenhill Rents, Smithfields Bars
London 1832 hallmark
HBH into an oval mark, Harrison Brothers & Howson, Sheffield 2002
HBH into an oval
Harrison Brothers & Howson,
Sheffield 2002 hallmark
H.B.J&Co without contour mark, H B Johnson & Co, Birmingham 1910
H.B.J&Co without contour
H B Johnson & Co,
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
HBRos without contour mark, not identified, Birmingham 1887
HBRos without contour
not identified,
Birmingham 1887 hallmark
H.BROS into five lozenges  mark,  Harman Bros, Birmingham 1953 H.BROS into five lozenges  mark,  Harman Bros, Birmingham 1951
H.BROS into five lozenges
Harman Bros,
entered 1932
Birmingham 1953 hallmark


Birmingham 1951 hallmark
HBrs mark, Hardy Bros, Birmingham 1928
H BRs into a shield
Hardy Bros
Birmingham 1928 hallmark
HBs & H into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Harrison Brothers & Howson Ltd, London 1995
HBs & H into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Harrison Brothers & Howson Ltd,
London 1995 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS




MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


SILVER MARKS AND HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
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