HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
L& - LB
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
L&A.O into an oval mark, Louis & Alfred Orlik trading as L&A Orlik, Birmingham 1911 L&A.O into an oval mark, Louis & Alfred Orlik trading as L&A Orlik, Birmingham 1911
L&A.O into an oval
Louis & Alfred Orlik trading as L&A Orlik,
62 Barbican, London. See the section of
"TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS" marks.
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
L&B into a rectangle mark, Larder & Burgess, Sheffield 1911
L&B into a rectangle
Larder & Burgess,
Orient Works, Matilda Street, Sheffield
entered 1904
Sheffield 1911 hallmark
L & Co mark, John Lawrence -say Ledsam Vale & Co. be their authority-, Birmingham 1826
L &Co
John Lawrence -say Ledsam Vale & Co. be their authority-,
Birmingham 1826 hallmark
L&Co into three lozenges mark, Liberty & Co, Birmingham 1901 L&Co into three lozenges mark, Liberty & Co, Birmingham 1911
L&Co into three lozenges
Liberty & Co,
Birmingham 1901 hallmark

Birmingham 1911 hallmark

Founded by Arthur Lasemby Liberty in 1875 as Liberty & Co. In 1894 the firm became Liberty & Co Ltd.
L & Co into an oval mark,Loewe & Co, London 1896 L & Co into an oval mark, Loewe & Co, London 1896
L & Co into an oval
Loewe & Co,
58 Haymarket, London
London 1896 hallmark
L & over Co into a quatrefoil mark, Lawson & Co, Glasgow 1917
L & over Co into a quatrefoil
Lawson & Co,
Glasgow 1917 hallmark
L & P over Ltd into a shield mark, Lindsay & Paisley Ltd, Birmingham 1925
L & P over Ltd into a shield
Lindsay & Paisley Ltd
Buchanan Street & Gordon Street, Glasgow
Birmingham 1925 hallmark
L & R mark, Lothian & Robertson, Edinburgh 1758
L & R
Lothian & Robertson
coupled to Hugh Gordon mark as Assay Master,
Edinburgh 1758 hallmark
L&S mark, Levi and Salaman, Birmingham 1903
L&S
Levi & Salaman -Phineas Harris Levi & Joseph Wolfe Salaman-,
Newhall Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
Founded in 1870 by Phineas Harris Levi in partnership with Joseph Wolff Salaman. Proprietors from 1878 of Potosi Silver Co, the firm became Levi & Salaman Ltd in 1910. In 1921 the firm was amalgamated into Barker Brothers (Silversmiths) Ltd.
L&W into a rectangle mark, not identified, Sheffield 1947
L&W into a rectangle
not identified,
Sheffield 1947 hallmark
LA under a crown under a star over a fleur de lys mark, Paul de Lamerie, London 1716
LA under a crown under a star over a fleur de lys
Paul de Lamerie
entered 1713
London 1716 hallmark

PAUL DE LAMERIE. HISTORY , MARKS, INFORMATION
LA without frame mark, Louis Adler, Birmingham 1905
LA without frame
Louis Adler,
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
LAC  mark, Lionel Alfred Crichton -Crichton Brothers / Crichton & Co-, London 1928 LAC  mark, Lionel Alfred Crichton -Crichton Brothers / Crichton & Co-, London 1928 LAC  mark, Lionel Alfred Crichton -Crichton Brothers / Crichton & Co-, London 1929
LAC
Lionel Alfred Crichton -Crichton Brothers / Crichton & Co

London 1928 hallmark








London 1929 with Britannia standard hallmark
LAW under a crown into a clover mark, West & Son -Langley Archer West-, London 1894
LAW under a crown into a clover
West & Son -Langley Archer West-,
entered 1894
College Green, Dublin
London 1894 hallmark
LAW and TT (double mark),  William Law and Thomas Tudor (probably), Dublin 1810
LAW and TT (double mark)
William Law and Thomas Tudor (probably),
Dublin 1810 hallmark
L.B  mark, Leech Brothers, Birmingham 1894
L.B
Leech Brothers,
Birmingham 1894 hallmark
L.B without frame mark, Louis Blumfeld trading as Adolph Frankau & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1909 L.B without frame mark, Louis Blumfeld trading as Adolph Frankau & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1909
L.B without frame
Louis Blumfeld trading as Adolph Frankau & Co Ltd ,
business established in 1848. Active at Queen Victoria Street, London. Out of business in 1937
Birmingham 1909 hallmark
LB mark, Lodewyk Beck, Cape Colony 1850 c.
LB and English pseudo-hallmarks
Lodewyk Willem Christiaan Beck,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. Most probably the son of Lodewyck Christiaan Willem Beck and Woutrina Catharina de Vos. Known activity as jeveller or goldsmith/jeweller from 1847 to 1867
Cape Colony 1850 c. hallmark
LB over &Co and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Lattery Brothers, Calcutta end 19th c.
LB over &Co and English pseudo-hallmarks
Lattery Brothers,
an India silversmith
Calcutta end 19th c. hallmark
L.B&M into an oblong rectangle mark, Lines, Bunn & Mason, Birmingham 1899 L.B&M into an oblong rectangle mark, Lines, Bunn & Mason, Birmingham 1899
L.B&M into an oblong rectangle
Lines, Bunn & Mason,
Hockley Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1899 hallmark
L over B M over M into a quatrefoil mark, Marlow Brothers, London 1978
L over B M over M into a quatrefoil
Marlow Brothers,
London 1978 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS




MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


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