HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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SITE MAP - HOME PAGE
BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
GH - GL
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
GH into a rectangle mark, George Hunter I, London 1761
GH into a rectangle
George Hunter I
entered 1755
London 1761 hallmark
GH mark, Harrison Brothers & Howson -George Howson-, Sheffield 1896
GH mark, Harrison Brothers & Howson -George Howson-, Sheffield 1959
GH
Harrison Brothers & Howson -George Howson-
Sheffield 1896 hallmark


Sheffield 1959 hallmark
G.H into two conjoined circles mark, George Hunter II, London 1822
G.H into two conjoined circles
George Hunter II
entered 1817
London 1822 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
G.H into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Harrison Brothers & Howson -George Howson-, Sheffield 1919
G.H into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Harrison Brothers & Howson -George Howson-
Sheffield 1919 hallmark
G.H into a rectangle mark, not identified, London 1924
G.H into a rectangle
not identified
London 1924 hallmark
G.H.J mark,George Henry James , London 1906
G.H.J into a rectangle
George Henry James & Co
entered 1908
London 1906 hallmark
CHJ & Co into an oval mark, George Henry James, London 1928
GHJ & Co into an oval
George Henry James & Co,
entered 1911
London 1928 hallmark
G H W into square, circle and octagon mark, George Harry Whitaker, Sheffield 1895
G H W into square, circle and octagon
George Harry Whitaker (subsequently George H. Whitaker & Co)
entered 1883
Sheffield 1895 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
G H over WC into a square mark, George Heming and William Chawner, London 1781
G H over WC into a square
George Heming and William Chawner
entered 1781
London 1781 hallmark
G.I mark, George Innes, Glasgow 1821
G.I
George Innes
Glasgow 1821 hallmark
 GJ over DF mark, George Jackson &David Fullerton, London 1903  GJ over DF mark, George Jackson & David Fullerton, Sheffield 1915
GJ over DF into a shield
George Jackson & David Fullerton - Josiah Williams & Co
London 1903 hallmark


Sheffield 1915 hallmark

The largest manufacturing silversmiths active in England outside London, Birmingham and Sheffield. The firm was active at 18 St. Augustine Parade, Bristol, with London Office at 9 Thavies Inn, Holborn. The partnership of G.M. Jackson and D.L. Fullerton started in 1884 and was dissolved in 1915 ... MORE....
G.J.O into a rectangle mark, G.J. Oliphant, London 1873 G.J.O into a rectangle mark, G.J. Oliphant, London 1873
G.J.O into a rectangle
G.J. Oliphant
entered 1856
London 1873 hallmark
GK & S into a rectangle mark, George Kenning & Son, London 1933 G.K into a rectangle mark, George Kenning, London 1881 (courtesy Tony Betts)
G.K into a rectangle
George Kenning
London 1881 hallmark
GK & S into a rectangle mark, George Kenning & Son, London 1933 GK & S into a rectangle mark, George Kenning & Son, London 1933 (courtesy Daniel Metcalfe)
GK & S into a rectangle
George Kenning & Son
business established in 1860. The Business continued as Kenning & McKiernam (1862), George Kenning (1865-1895), George Kenning & Son (1895-1937), George Kenning & Son Ltd (1937-1954)
London 1933 hallmark
GL mark, Gerhardus Lotter, Cape Colony 1810 c.
GL
Gerhardus Lotter,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. The son of Casparus Lotter and Johanna Catharina van Kerken, baptized at the Cape on 18 November 1764. Married Johanna Esterhuyzen on 1794. Died 1824 c.
Cape Colony 1810 c. hallmark
GL conjoined mark, George Lambert, London 1899
GL conjoined
George Lambert,
London 1899 hallmark
GL&Co mark, G Loveridge & Co, Birmingham 1895 GL&Co mark, G Loveridge & Co, Birmingham 1895
GL&Co
G Loveridge & Co,
Birmingham 1895 hallmark
G  Ltd into two squares mark, Gladwin Ltd, Sheffield 1938
G Ltd into two squares
Gladwin Ltd,
Sheffield 1938 hallmark
G.L without contour  mark, G Loveridge, Birmingham 1904
G.L without contour
G Loveridge,
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS




MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


SILVER MARKS AND HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
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