HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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SITE MAP - HOME PAGE
BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
E& - EA
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
J&WM mark, James & William Marshall, Edinburgh 1835
E&Co
Elder & Co
Edinburgh 1835 hallmark
and J&WM mark of retailer James & William Marshall
E & Co mark, Elkington & Co Ltd , Birmingham 1867
E & Co
Elkington & Co Ltd
Birmingham 1867 hallmark
E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, London 1912 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, Birmingham 1934 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, Birmingham 1902 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, Birmingham 1902 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, Sheffield 1902 E & Co Ld mark, Elkington & Co, london 1899
E & Co in script into a trefoil
Elkington & Co,

London 1912 hallmark



Birmingham 1934 hallmark (+ "King's Jubilee" mark)



Sheffield 1971 hallmark


E & Co Ld into three circles
Elkington & Co,
Birmingham 1902 hallmark


Sheffield 1902 hallmark



London 1899 hallmark

Elkington & Co: HISTORY AND INFORMATION
E & Co D mark, E Druiff & Co, Birmingham 1919
E& Co D into an oval
E Druiff & Co,
entered 1919
Birmingham 1919 hallmark
E&J into a chamfered rectangle mark, not identified, London 2001
E&J into a chamfered rectangle
not identified,
London 2001 hallmark
E&N over S into a triangle mark, E & N Speak, Birmingham 1967
E& N over S into a triangle
E & N Speak,
Birmingham 1967 hallmark
E&S into two conjoined circles mark, Edward & Sons, Birmingham 1933 E&S into two conjoined circles mark, Edward & Sons, Glasgow 1934
E&S into two conjoined circles
Edward & Sons,
Birmingham 1933 hallmark


Glasgow 1934 hallmark
E&S into a lozenge mark, Edwards & Sons, London 1910
E&S into a lozenge
Edwards & Sons,
Succeeded in 1895 to Edwards & Jones at 161 Regent Street, London. The firm became Edwards & Sons (of Regent Street) Ltd in 1912 and closed in 1928
London 1910 hallmark
E.A into a lozenge mark, widow of Edward Aldridge senior -possibly-, London 1764
E.A into a lozenge
widow of Edward Aldridge senior -possibly-,
an unregistered mark
London 1764 hallmark
E.A into a rectangle mark, Edward Aldridge II -possibly-, London 1766
E.A into a rectangle
Edward Aldridge II -possibly-,
an unregistered mark
London 1766 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS




MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


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