THE DIRECTORY OF CANADA SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CANADIAN SILVER

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CANADA SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING: H


There was no official regulation of the purity of the metal used in the industry in Canada until the early 20th century.
After 1760 Montreal gradually took over as the center of silversmithing in Canada although there were also a number of silversmiths in Ontario and the Atlantic provinces. English styles became the norm and silversmiths began to use English-style maker's marks with their initials in a rectangular outline. These marks were occasionally accompanied by "Montreal", "Quebec" or "H", "HN" or "HNS" for Halifax.
Benjamin Etter, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada F.S. QUEBEC F.S  mark, Francois Sasseville, Quebec 1797-1864
By the early 19th century it was common to include pseudo marks that resembled British hallmarks, like sovereign's heads, lions, crowns.
F.M. and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Franz F. Meyer, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1809-1847 IM  NB and English pseudo hallmarks mark, John Munro, New Glasgow - New Brunswick 1813-1864
The current Canadian hallmarking system is based on the Precious Metals Marking Act of 1985. Jewellery makers, importers and retailers are responsible for having the correct hallmarks on items. Hallmarks must be registered by the Register of Trademarks, Industry Canada in which abbreviations and inscriptions for jewellery items in either English or French are permitted.
For silver items, "sterling" (92.5% silver and 7.5% other alloys ) is considered the standard measurement for purity under federal regulations. Authentic sterling silver items are stamped with "STERLING", "STER", or "925". Hallmarks that follow the traditional British certifying system or has applied by the government of any foreign country under the laws of that country may also be placed on the item.
Where an article that is wholly manufactured in Canada is composed of a precious metal of a quality prescribed in the regulations and has an authorized quality mark applied to it, there may be applied to the article a national mark consisting of:
- a lion's head inside a letter "C"( (1934-1978)
- a maple head inside a letter "C" (after 1978)
Canada National mark 1934-1978 Canada National mark after 1978

(click on the photo to enlarge image)
SILVERSMITH'S NAME
MARK - TOWN - DATE
HALL George A.
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1830
HALLIDAY L.
L. Halliday, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
LH into a rectangle and lion facing right
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1850
HAMMAN Thomas
Thomas Hamman, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
T.HAMMAN in a shaped contour
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1770s/1830s
HANNA & DELAGRAVE
Hanna & Delagrave, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
JH in script and F.D in two rectangles
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1810s
HANNA James Godfrey
I.H (or H.I) into a rectangle and lion pseudo English hallmark, Hanna James Godfrey
I.H (or H.I) into a rectangle and lion pseudo English hallmark
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1760s/1800s
Born in Dublin (Ireland) in 1737, emigrated to Quebec in 1763. Died in Quebec in 1807.
HARDY Anselme
A.H and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Anselm Hardy, Quebec 1853-1854
A.H in a rectangle and pseudo English lion passant hallmark
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1850s
HARIS E.B.
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1880s
HARPER J.R. & CO
J.R.H. & CO
Ottawa, Ontario
c. 1880s/1890s
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
HARWOOD Arthur
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1870s


HAY Albert Stephen
A.S.HAY.  and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Albert Stephen Hay, Saint John, New Brunswick,  1850/1860
A.S. HAY. in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1850s/1860s
HAY A&J
A & J HAY in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Partnership of Albert Stephen Hay and John Hay
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1870s/1920s
HEMMING MANUFACTURING CO
HEMMING MONTREAL
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1910s
HEMSLEY Richard
Richard Hemsley, Montreal, Canada
R H in a banner
Montreal, Quebec
1870 - present. The firm claims to be a direct descendant of Richard Hemsley store founded in 1870 ceasing its production of enamelled sterling souvenir jewellery aound 1930.
HENDERY Robert
R.H  and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Robert Hendery, Montreal, Ontario,  1814-1897
R.HENDERY and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Robert Hendery, Montreal, Ontario,  1814-1897
R.HENDERY and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Robert Hendery, Montreal, Ontario,  1814-1897
R.H and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Robert Hendery, Montreal, Ontario,  1814-1897
R.H and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Robert Hendery, Montreal, Ontario,  1814-1897
R.H and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Robert Hendery, Montreal, Ontario,  1814-1897
R.H or R.HENDERY MONTREAL and pseudo English hallmarks
Montreal, Quebec
b. 1814 - d. 1897
In partnership with Peter Bohle (1837-1840), had his own business from 1840 to 1887 supplying silver to many other firms (George Savage & Son, Gustavus Seifert, M S Brown & Co, Julius Cornelius). From 1887 was in partnership with Johm Leslie.
HENDERY & LESLIE
English pseudo-hallmarks, Hendery & Leslie, Montreal, Ontario  retailed by Birks English pseudo-hallmarks, Hendery & Leslie, Montreal, Ontario
H & L and pseudo English hallmarks
or H & L STERLING
Montreal, Quebec
1887-1899
Partnership of Robert Hendery and John Leslie. The partnership was dissolved in 1895 and the business was sold to Birks in 1899.
HB &Co is Henry Birks acting as retailer
HERBIN John Frederic
a fleur de lys
Wolfville, Nova Scotia
c. 1870s/1920s
HERSEY John A
J.A.H. in a rectangle
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1820s/1860s


HILL & HOUGHTON
Toronto, Ontario
c. 1880s
HOSTERMAN & PARKER
H&P and English pseudo-hallmarks  mark, Hosterman & Parker, Halifax - Nova Scotia 1813
H & P in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s
HOSTERMAN Thomas
TH in a rectangle
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s
HOUGHTON SILVERWARE AND PLATING LTD
H and Canada National mark, HOUGHTON SILVERWARE AND PLATING LTD, Toronto, Ontario, 1920-1980s
H and Canada National mark
Toronto, Ontario
founded by Emerson Houghton in 1920. Specialized in ecclesiastical pieces in sterling, silverplate and brass. Houghton died in 1965, but the business was active until the late 1980S
HUGUET Pierre dit Latour
Pierre Huguet dit Latour, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
P.H into a rectangle and MONTREAL
Montreal, Quebec
c. 1750-1815
HULL E.
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1850s
HULSMAN Louis
LH and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, Louis Hulsman , Halifax - Nova Scotia 1799-1815
LH in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s


HUNT William
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1810s
HUNTER William
William Hunter, Quebec City, Quebec
W.H in a rectangle
Quebec City, Quebec
c. 1800s
HURD Benjamin
BH in a rectangle
B.HURD in a rectangle
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1740s
HURD Nathaniel
Halifax, Nova Scotia
c. 1770s
HUTCHINSON John G
HUTCHINSON over ST.JOHN N.B or GH in a rectangle
Saint John, New Brunswick
c. 1820s/1860s



HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER - MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CAPE SILVERSMITHS A - C D - I J - M N - T U - Z
THE DIRECTORY OF CHANNEL ISLANDS SILVERSMITHS A - F G - H I - P Q - Z unidentified makers
AUSTRALIAN SILVERSMITHS A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z NOT IDENTIFIED
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS

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