THE DIRECTORY OF CANADA SILVERSMITHS
MARKS AND HALLMARKS OF CANADIAN SILVER
This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, silver marking system and silver hallmarks guide, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family),
SITE MAP -
|CANADA SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING: P - Q
There was no official regulation of the purity of the metal used in the industry in Canada until the early 20th century.
After 1760 Montreal gradually took over as the center of silversmithing in Canada although there were also a number of silversmiths in Ontario and the Atlantic provinces. English styles became the norm and silversmiths began to use English-style maker's marks with their initials in a rectangular outline. These marks were occasionally accompanied by "Montreal", "Quebec" or "H", "HN" or "HNS" for Halifax.
By the early 19th century it was common to include pseudo marks that resembled British hallmarks, like sovereign's heads, lions, crowns.
The current Canadian hallmarking system is based on the Precious Metals Marking Act of 1985. Jewellery makers, importers and retailers are responsible for having the correct hallmarks on items. Hallmarks must be registered by the Register of Trademarks, Industry Canada in which abbreviations and inscriptions for jewellery items in either English or French are permitted.
For silver items, "sterling" (92.5% silver and 7.5% other alloys ) is considered the standard measurement for purity under federal regulations. Authentic sterling silver items are stamped with "STERLING", "STER", or "925". Hallmarks that follow the traditional British certifying system or has applied by the government of any foreign country under the laws of that country may also be placed on the item.
Where an article that is wholly manufactured in Canada is composed of a precious metal of a quality prescribed in the regulations and has an authorized quality mark applied to it, there may be applied to the article a national mark consisting of:
- a lion's head inside a letter "C"( (1934-1978)
- a maple head inside a letter "C" (after 1978)
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
MARK - TOWN - DATE
| PAGE Amos
| AP in a rectangle and pseudo English hallmarks |
Amherst, Nova Scotia
| PAGE Bros
| PAGE BROS in a rectangle |
PBs 'lion' StJ
Saint John, New Brunswick
| PAGE David
|| Truro, Nova Scotia|
| PEACOCK Henry
|| Montreal, Quebec|
Touch mark acquired by Henry Birks & Sons
| PETERSEN Karl Poul
| PP or PETERSEN HAND MADE STERLING|
Carl Poul Petersen was born in Denmark in 1895 died in Montreal in
1977. He apprenticed with Georg Jensen between 1908 and 1913, and eventually became a Master Silversmith himself. He married Jensen's
daughter, Inger, in 1922. Then they moved to Montreal, Canada in 1929 at the very start of the depression and was employed by Henry Birks
& Son as their master goldsmith in 1932. Briefly independent (1937 to 1939) he returned to Birks in 1939. Five years later he left Birks,
and started his own business, which remained in operation until 1975. He crafted jewellery, flatware, tea sets, serving pieces, bar sets, etc.
They are all of very high quality, and are highly collectible.
| POST Jordan
HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER -
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
work in progress on this page - your help, corrections and suggestions will be greatly appreciated -