A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
DENMARK MAKER'S MARKS: F
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Danish hallmarking system is organized on a voluntary base.
The first Danish hallmarking was made in Copenhagen at the end of the 15th century.
Later, other cities as Aalbotg, Aarhus, Odense and Viborg introduced their own mark as a guarantee of precious metals.
In 1893 the "Three-tower" mark of Copenhagen was adopted as the national mark in the new standardized hallmarking system. Copenhagen had the only Assay Office in Denmark.


DENMARK HALLMARKING SYSTEM



THE DIRECTORY OF DANISH SILVERSMITHS (after 1890)
by nobelantik.dk
 A       B       C      D       E       F      G       H       I      J       K       L      M       N       O      P       Q       R      S      T       U       V      W       X       Y      Z      Æ      Ø      Å    


MARK                                  MAKER
F.............................................F i oval af prikker = Frigast`s logo - Copenhagen 1915 - 1976
F..............................................Flemming Scheldt / Smykkeriet - Kalvehave 2008 - ?
FA...........................................Free Agency Aps - Vanløse 1981 - 1988
FA...........................................Arleth Guldsmed - Dragør 2011 - ?
F.A..........................................FR. Andersen - Frederiksberg/Copenhagen 1908 - 1937
F.A..........................................Freddy Henning Asmussen - Snekkersten 1962 - 1972
F.A.........................................Gert Paulsen - Copenhagen 1994 - 1995
Faber......................................Niels Faber - Ringe 1904 - 1937
Faber......................................Paul Peter Faber - Copenhagen 1966 - 1973
Fabula....................................Fabula I/S - Copenhagen - 2006 - 2007
Fac.........................................Gunnar Facius Stil Smykker - Herning 1985 - ?
FAC........................................Facetten Aps - Hvidovre 2010 - ?
FAD........................................Fagerthun Design - Skævinge 1992 - 1998
FAF........................................FAF Arrangements Aps - Gentofte 2008 - ?
FAH.......................................Pathmaselan Subraniam / Fred Asia House - Fredericia 2009 - ?
F.Ahm....................................Frank Ahm - Skive 1970 - 2000
FAIR.....................................Kirsten Bak / Baks Fair - Skødstrup 2009 - ?
FAK.......................................Frøydis Adele Knapstad - Gudhjem 1997 - ?
Falck.....................................Rebecca S. Falck Guldsmed - Frederikssund 2000 - ?
Falk.......................................Kennie Falk - Copenhagen 2000 - 2001
Falk A...................................Svend Falk Andersen - Nykøbing F 1946 - 1979
Fanilco...................................Fanilco vIA.Corsti - Copenhagen 1952 - 1963
Fausing..................................Age Fausing - Copenhagen 1963 - 1973
FB..........................................F Bang - Stege 1893 - 1937
FB..........................................Frede Bonnichsen - Middelfart 1985 - 1997
F.& B.....................................Fir.Fønss & Brandtberg - Copenhagen 1945 - 1956
F.B.........................................Roif Fritiof Bratland - Copenhagen 1956 - 1973
F Bang....................................FBang - Stege 1893 - 1937
F.Bech....................................Frederik Christian Bech - Frederiksberg/Copenhagen 1913 - 1937
F.B.H.....................................Finn Birger Hjortlund - Espergærde 1973 - 1983
FBH.......................................Finn Birger Hjortlund - Copenhagen S 1975 - 1983
FBH.......................................Flemming Bo Hansen - Copenhagen K 1989 - ?
FBi.........................................Erode Bisgaard - Århus 1970 - 1974
FBM.......................................Fr.Binder & Co,Monsheim - Copenhagen K 1984 - 1990
F.Bo.......................................F.Bodnia - Copenhagen 1952 - 1961
F.B.R.....................................F.B. Rathcke - Charlottenlund 1968 - 1973
F.Bu.......................................Finn Buchardt - Gentotfe 1962 - 1972
F.C.........................................Fairytale Copenhagen Aps - Copenhagen 2005 - 2010
F.C.B.....................................Frede Christian Buskbjerg - Copenhagen 1969 - 1973
F.C.C.....................................F.C. Christensen - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
F.C.E.....................................Fritz Constantin Ekdahl - Frederiksberg/Copenhagen 1932 - 1962
F.C.S.....................................F.Chr. Stelsig - Hillerød 1966 - 1973
FD.........................................Connie Agnethe Thomsen - Vejen 1998 - 2000
FD.........................................Connie Agnethe Thomsen / Fjord - Vejen 2007 - 2010
F.D........................................Folmer E. Dalum - Hørsholm 1967 - 1992
F.D........................................F. Dahibom - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
F.Dahl...................................E.F. Dahis Enke - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
F. Dahlbom...........................F. Dahlbom - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
F.Dalum................................Folmer E.Dalum - Hørsholm 1967 - 1992
FDJ.......................................Flora Danica Jewellery - Hvidovre 1981 - 2005
FDJ.......................................Flora Danica Jewellery Aps - Klampenborg 2006 - ?
Fe..........................................Poul Ipsen - Charlottenlund 1995 - 2000
FE.........................................Pedersen - Kolding 2001 - 2003
FE.........................................Margit Engel - Nærum 2004 - 2008
FEE.......................................Lonny Fechner - Copenhagen 2000 - 2003
FEE.......................................Lonny Fechner - Copenhagen 2005 - ?
F.E.J.....................................Finn Erik Jørgensen - Skovlunde 1984 - 1988
FELIX................................. Hans Jørgen Bresler - Copenhagen 2009 - ?
F.E.M...................................Frank Egon Madsen - Charlottenlund 1961 - 1971
FENG...................................Mette Fenger - Copenhagen 2001 - 2008
Fentz.....................................C. Fentz - Assens 1893 - 1937
FERAS.................................Henning Stærhr A/S - Gentofte 1994 - 2009
Ferdinand.............................Ferdinand Aps - Copenhagen 2005 - 2010
Ferd.S...................................Ferd.Strecker - Aalborg 1923 - 1937
FF.........................................Krishna S. Khinchi / Funny Fashion - Holbæk 1996 - 1998
F.F........................................Frederik Frederiksen - Hjortevang 1917 - 1937
F.F........................................Frank Frederiksen - Viborg 1967 - 1973
F.F.E.....................................F.F. Erlandsen - Lemvig 1893 - 1937
F.F.H....................................Ferdinand F.Hansen - Copenhagen 1913 - 1937
FFI........................................FFI GRuppen A/S - Nørre Aaby 2006 - 2010
F.F.S.P..................................F.F.Scheel Poulsen - Arden 1923 - 1937
FG.........................................Fl. Godskesen / Fan Gogh Interprices - Klampenborg 1995 - 1998
F.G........................................Frederiksberg Guld IS - Århus 1968 - 1972
F.G.& S.................................Frederiksberg Guld & SøIv - Copenhagen 1945 - 1956
F.G.S.....................................Flemming Gejl Sørensen - Bylderup-Bov 1989 - 2007
F.G.S.....................................Ravstedhus Aps - Bylderup-Bov 2007 - ?
F.H........................................Frantz Hingelberg IS - Århus C 1986 - ?
F.H........................................A/S F. Hingelberg - Århus 1937 - 1986
F.H........................................F. Hansen - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
F.Ha......................................Fernanda Hansen - Copenhagen 1911 - 1937
F.Hansen..............................F.Hansen - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
FHAS....................................Fritz Hansen A/S - Allerød 2008 - 2011
F.H.E.A/S.............................Willy Paldan / Fritz Heimburgers Eftf. - Copenhagen 1955 - 2000
F.Hi.......................................Fir.Frantz Hingelberg - Aarhus 1937 - 1947
F.Hingelberg........................F.Jacob Hingelberg - Århus 1897 - 1937
F.Hingelberg........................A/S F. Hingelberg Århus 1937 - 1986
F.Hingelberg........................Frantz Hingelberg I/S - Århus C 1986 - ?
F.Hj.......................................Frank Hjorth - Århus 1969 - 1984
FHJ.......................................Frank Harpelunde Jensen - Roskilde 2007 - 2011
FHK......................................Frants Høgdahl Kristensen - Skagen 1986 - ?
F.H.L.....................................F.H. Lillelund - Lemvig 1893 - 1937
F.H.P.....................................Frank Hjorth Produktion - Højbjerg 1987 - 1989
FHR......................................Finn Høj Rasmussen - Rørvig 2010 - ?
FHS.......................................Frits Heiring Sørensen - Randers 1976 - ?
F.I..........................................Flora Ishu Bayati - Odense C 1981 - 1985
Fie.........................................Sofie Eskildsen - Birkerød 2000 - ?
FIH.......................................Smykker & Sten - Løgstør 2011 - ?
Fi.H.......................................Finn Hamburger - Klampenborg 1969 - 2002
FINI......................................Finn Johansson & Søn - Copenhagen Ø 1990 - 1996
Finn.......................................Finn Pedersen - Kalundborg 1986 - ?
FIR.......................................Firkløveren A/S - Copenhagen K 1976 - 2003
Fischer..................................N.F. Fischer - Ringkøbing 1893 - 1937
F.J.........................................Finn Johansson & Søn - Copenhagen Ø 1941 - 1996
F.Jensen...............................Fred Jensen - Sorø 1903 - 1937
FJM......................................Fyens Jern & Metal A/S - Odense 2002 - 2005
F.J.M....................................Finn Ivan Juel Mortensen - Nakskov 1965 - 1991
F.J.H.....................................F.J. Hingelberg - Århus 1897 - 1937
F.J.N.....................................F.J. Tromborg Nielsen - Copenhagen 1955 - 1980
Fjord.....................................Connie Agnethe Thomsen - Vejen 1998 - 1998
FJORD.................................Kirsten Fjord - Næstved 2012 - ?
F.J.R.....................................Fritz Johannes Rosleft - Århus 1957 - 1987
F.K........................................Flemming Knud Kjerultt - Copenhagen 1963 - 2011
F.K........................................Guldvarefabrikation v/ Flemming Kjerulff Aps Copenhagen 2011 - ?
F.K.H.....................................F.K. Hansen - Frederiksberg/Copenhagen 1910 - 1937
FKO.......................................Flemming Koch - Valby/Copenhagen 1982 - 1991
F.Kr.......................................Flemming Kragh, Hørsholm 1979 - 1983
F.L.........................................F. Lindgren - Copenhagen 1893 - 1910
F.L.........................................Erode Emanuel Larsen - Frederiksberg/Copenhagen 1924 - 1948
F.L.........................................Frode Emanuel Larsen - Copenhagen 1955 - 1965
F.L.........................................Flemming Larsen Argentum - Copenhagen V 1975 - 2001
F.Lange.................................Frederik Julius Lange - Sorø 1911 - 1948
F.Lange.................................Frederik Lange - Sorø 1948 - 1968
FLC.......................................Edisa Bajramovic / Fashion Look Company - Løgumkloster 2010 - ?
FLEMMING BO HANSEN...Flemming Bo Hansen - Copenhagen K 1989 - 1994
FL.GRL................................Flora Grønlandica / Unik Aps - Nuuk/Grønland 1993 - 2009
FL.GRL................................Bentes Aps - Nuussaq 2009 - 2009
FL.GRL................................Bente Egede - Ebeltoft 2009 - 2009
F.Lindgren............................F. Lindgren - Copenhagen 1893 - 1910
Flink.....................................Arne Flink - Ringkøbing 1956 - 1989
FJL.......................................Flemming Jørgensen Guldsmed - Aarhus 2000 - ?
Fl.Kn.....................................Flemming Knudsen - Nyborg 1967 - ?
Flodin....................................Karl Holger Robert Flodin - Copenhagen 1947 - 1967
Flora Danica.........................Flora Danica Jewellery - Hvidovre 1973 - 2005
FLORA DANICA..................Flora Danica Jewellery Aps - Klampebborg 2006 - ?
FLOW...................................Helle LArsen / FLOW - Copenhagen 2003 - 2007
FLY.......................................Karen Fly Melander - Copenhagen 2000 - 2005
FL.R......................................Flemming Roed - Copenhagen F 1983 - 1990
FLYXE..................................Urban Flyxe - Copenhagen K 1991 - 2005
FM........................................Franz Martensen - Helsinge 2008 - 2009
F.M........................................Franklin Mint A/S - Dragør/Copenhagen 1976 - ?
F.M........................................F. Matzen - Sønderborg 1926 - 1967
F.M.K....................................Frederiksborg Monthandel - Copenhagen V 1978 - 1981
F.M.P.....................................Frank H.Marx-Pedersen - Copenhagen 1946 - 1956
F.MUL...................................Frank Muller - Frederiksberg/Copenhagen 1988 - ?
F.N.........................................Flemming C. Andre Nielsen - Korup 1968 - 1973
FO..........................................Jane Fogsgaard - Copenhagen 1998 - 2001
F.O.........................................Aage Frederik Ovesen - Åarhus 1923 - 1937
Fo...........................................Fossile Smykker J.Munk - Århus N 1993 - ?
FOE.......................................Per Hartvig-Olsen / First Oriental Enterprise - Kastrup 1994 - 1994
Fogh.......................................J. Guldbrandt Fogh - Helsinge 1934 - 1973
FOLLE..................................Folmer Christensen - Brønshøj 1977 - 1978
Fordsmand............................Christian Fordsmand - Grenaa 1894 - 1937
Fornæs..................................Johanne Cathrine Forns - Copenhagen 1929 - 1959
FOSSIL................................Henning Stæhr A/S - Gentofte - 2003 - 2005
FOX......................................Foxdal Ædelmetaller A/S - Albertslund 2003 - ?
Foxiniwa................................Firmaet Foxiniwa - Glostrup 1948 - 1968
F.P.........................................Frits Pedersen - Copenhagen Ø 1953 - ?
F.P.........................................Fritz Pirchert - Nørre Nebel 1911 - 1937
F.P.A.....................................F.P. Antvorskov - Gentofte 1946 - ?
FPB.......................................F.P.Balvigs Enke - Ribe 1893 - 1937
F.Pe.......................................Finn Chr.Vilh. Petersen - Valby/Copenhagen 1967 - 1990
FPI........................................Fiske Peter International Aps - Copenhagen 2005 - 2008
F.P.R.....................................Frode Petter Rons - Copenhagen S 1986 - 1992
F.Q........................................Flemming Qvotrup - Valby/Copenhagen 1991 - 1992
FR.........................................Rikke Irene Pedersen - Kolding 2000 - 2002
F.R........................................F. Ridiger - Præstø 1893 - 1937
Francois................................Francois Deletaille - Copenhagen 1998 - 2005
FRANCOIS..........................Francois Deletaille - Copenhagen 2005 - ?
Frandsen...............................V. Frandsen - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
Frandsen...............................Poul Eiler Frandsen - Slagelse 1964 - 1974
Franjz Hingelberg...............Franjz Hingelberg - Århus C 1935
Frank.....................................Frank Søderlund - Copenhagen S 1981 - 1984
Frans M................................Frans Magnussen - Roskilde 1945 - 1984
Frans M................................Frans Magnussen's Eftf. - Kirke Såby 1984 - ?
F.Rathje................................F. Rathje - Varde 1893 - 1937
FREJØ.................................A.Freja - Slagelse 1955 - 1965
Fr.F.......................................Ellis Friborg Jeppesen - Ringkøbing 1995 - 2000
Fr.H......................................A/S Heimburger's Eftf - Copenhagen K 1976 - 2010
Fr.H......................................Frederik Charles Hook - Gentofte 1922 - 1948
FRI.......................................Smykkehuset Friederich - Silkeborg 1993 - 1994
FRI.......................................Smykkekæden Friedrich - Silkeborg 1991 - 1992
F.Ridiger..............................F. Ridiger - Præstø 1893 - 1937
Frigast................................A/S P.C.L. Frigast - Copenhagen 1958 - 1976
friis.......................................Gitte Friis Andersen / Friis *& Frank - Greve 2000 - 2000
Friis C...................................Friis Christensen - Copenhagen 1960 - 1970
Frimand................................Axel Angelius Frimand - Copenhagen 1916 - 1937
Frits Thers............................Frits L.M. Thers - Glostrup 1975 - 1979
FR.J......................................Fritz Jakobsen - Rødby 1984 - 1984
Fr.K.......................................Frederik Kock - Århus 1915 - 1937
Fr.Kock.................................Frederik Kock - Århus 1915 - 1937
Fr.Kock.................................Frederik Kock - Århus 1955 - 1973
F.R.N....................................Finn Rüstoft Nygaard - Lemvig 1969 - 1993
FRO......................................Ossip Frolov / Frolov smykkedesign - Copemhagen 2005 - ?
FRØ......................................Louise Bech Jewellery - Copenhagen 2010 - ?
From......................................N.E. From Sølvsmedie - Nakskov / Randers 1944 - 2009
F.Rost....................................F.Rost - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
Fr.P........................................Firma Freddy Pedersen - Copenhagen N 1968 - 1990
Fr.S........................................Frede Sinding - Ebeltoft 1907 - 1937
F.r.S.......................................Frank Schmidt / Opalen - Kibæk 1996 - 1998
Fryer......................................Frits Fryer - Bagsværd 1948 - 1974
F.S..........................................F.Schlage - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
F.S..........................................Fredericia SøIv A/S - Fredericia 1961 - 2010
F.& S......................................Fir.Flodin & Sørensen - Copenhagen 1948 - 1958
FSA .......................................F. Sailing A/S J. Holmboe - Århus C 1989 - 1990
F.Schlage...............................F. Schiage - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
F.S.H......................................Fritz S.C. HeimbUrger - Copenhagen 1898 - 1948
F.S-h.......................................Ferdinand Svinth - Århus 1918 - 1948
F.S.K......................................Frank Steen Kristensen - Vejle 1962 - 1972
F.S.K......................................Frank Steen Kristensen - Vejle 1983 - 1995
FSL........................................Flemming Spagner / FS Line - Ebeltoft 1994 - 1998
F.S.Line.................................F.S. Line F. Spagner - Ebeltoft 1986 - 1998
Fs.M......................................Frans Magnussen's Eftf. - Kirke Søby 1984 - ?
Fs.M......................................Frans Magnussen - Roskilde 1969 - 1984
F.S.P......................................Fredericia Sølvvare Fabrik - Fredericia 1955 - 1973
F.S.P......................................Birgitte Krog / J. Fischer & Sohn Pforzheim - Randers 1996 - 1997
F.Svinth.................................Ferdinand Svinth - Århus 1910 - 1948
FT..........................................FTLL Invest ApS. - Solrød Strand 1987 - 1988
F.T.........................................J.F.Thygesen - Copenhagen 1895 - 1937
F.T.........................................Frits L.M. Thers - Glostrup 1975 - 1979
F.T.........................................From Trading ApS - Nakskov 1988 - 1992
FU.........................................Guldfynd A/S - Horsens 1994 - 1999
F.U.........................................Falle Uldall - Copenhagen 1945 - 1965
FUGLSANG.........................Dynes Fuglsang - Knebel 1995 - 1998
FW.........................................Butik Salam / Fair Ware - Odense 1996 - 2000
FYND....................................Kim Schmidt / Smyckefynd - Randers 1995 1997
F.Ø........................................Finn Østergaard - Copenhagen Ø 1973 - 1991
FØNSS..................................Svend Fønss - Copenhagen 1962 - 1972


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OTHER EUROPEAN HALLMARKS (under construction)      and HALLMARKING CONVENTION

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