A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
DENMARK MAKER'S MARKS: R
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Danish hallmarking system is organized on a voluntary base.
The first Danish hallmarking was made in Copenhagen at the end of the 15th century.
Later, other cities as Aalbotg, Aarhus, Odense and Viborg introduced their own mark as a guarantee of precious metals.
In 1893 the "Three-tower" mark of Copenhagen was adopted as the national mark in the new standardized hallmarking system. Copenhagen had the only Assay Office in Denmark.


DENMARK HALLMARKING SYSTEM



THE DIRECTORY OF DANISH SILVERSMITHS (after 1890)
by nobelantik.dk
 A       B       C      D       E       F      G       H       I      J       K       L      M       N       O      P       Q       R      S      T       U       V      W       X       Y      Z      Æ      Ø      Å    


MARK                                  MAKER
R....................................................Ib Rathe - Espergærde 1973 - 1976
R....................................................Ramayana import - Vanløse 1979 - 1981
R....................................................Hassan Saleh / Al-Zahra Guld,Sølv og Ure - Copenhagen N 2012 - ?
RA................................................Rauff produktion - Århus 1994 - ?
RA.................................................Richard Aaboe - Græsted 1983 - 1988
RA.................................................Rauff Produktion A/S - Svendborg 1994 - 2006
RA.................................................Jens J. Aagaard A/S - Svendborg 2006 - ?
R.A...............................................A. Ringgive Andresen - Give 1911 - 1937
RAB.............................................Mario Rabinovich - Aarhus 2005 - ?
R.A.B...........................................Richard Axel Balle - Copenhagen 1920 - 1937
R.A.C...........................................R.A. Christophersen - Odense 1893 - 1973
RAD.............................................Royal Amber Denmark Aps - Copenhagen 2007 - ?
RAF..............................................Bent Nielsen / Rafina - Jyllinge 1996 - 1996
RAF..............................................Muhammed Rafiq - Odense 2004 - 2005
Raffnsøe......................................Svend Ejner Raffnsøe - Søborg 1966 - 1973
RAGNAR....................................Ragnar ure og optik A/S - Odense 2008 - ?
RAJ..............................................Billy Kanda / RAJ juveler - Copenhagen 2011 - ?
RAMIN.......................................Ulrike Florentine Ramin - Copenhagen 2011 - ?
Ramm...........................................Knut Ramm - Frederikshavn 1960 - 1970
Ranch...........................................Carl Ranch`s Eftf - Copenhagen 1966 - 1980
Randi............................................Randi Christiansen - Sorø 1999 - ?
RANSBY......................................Jørgen Peter Ransby - Hjørring 1980 - ?
Ranum..........................................Bent Ranum - Åbyhøj 1976 - 2004
R.A.P............................................Rasmus Anton Poulsen - Copenhagen 1948 - 1958
Rasmussen...................................L.R. Rasmussen - Bogense 1893 - 1937
RAUFF........................................Rauff produktion aps - Århus C / Svendborg 1993 - 2006
RAUFF.........................................Rauff Produktion A/S - Svendoorg 2006 - ?
RAV..............................................Ravgården - Hjørring 1986 - ?
Ravgården....................................Ravgården - Hjørring 1992 - ?
RAVN...........................................Rikke Ravn - Gentofte 1980 - 1983
RAVN...........................................Rikke Ravn - Holstebro 1985 - 1987
RAVN...........................................Mette Ravn - Kolding 2008 - ?
RAVS............................................Jens Peter Jensen - Fanø 1996 - ?
Ra.& La........................................Rasmussen & Lassen - Copenhagen 1960 - 1970
RB.................................................Robert Jonni Bendt - Skanderborg 1982 - 1985
RB.................................................Ryan Bihl Jørgensen - Copenhagen N 2004 - 2006
RB.................................................Nynne Riis Clausen / Ruby Baby - Copenhagen N 2011
RBO..............................................Rune Balle Olesen - Frederiksberg 1990 - 1991
RBP...............................................Rita Brauer Petersen - Nykøbing Sj 1985 - 2000
RC.................................................Christian Peter Holm - Helsingør 1995 - 2000
RC.................................................Retail Company A/S - Helsingør 1995 - 2000
RCP...............................................Royal Copenhagen Porcelain - Copenhagen 1975 - 1987
R.C.R............................................R.C. Rasmussen - Horsens 1896 - 1937
R.C.Rasmussen............................R.C. Rasmussen - Horsens 1896 - 1937
R.C.Rasmussen & søn.................R.C. Rasmussen & søn - Horsens 1914 - 1948
R.C.R.& S.....................................R.C. Rasmussen & søn - Horsens 1914 - 1948
RD.................................................Helle Kristensen / Dansk Rav Design - Tranekær 1994 - 1995
RD.................................................Flemming Jørgensen - Kolding 2010 - ?
R.D................................................Reischauer Danmark - Allerød 1978 - 1980
R.D.L............................................Rob. Dalgas Lassen - Århus 1964 - 1973
RE.................................................Lone Søgaard & Flemming Windberg / Rebild Art - Skørping 2000 - ?
Reeslev.........................................Reeslev Design Aps - Copenhagen 1955 - 1998
REESLEV....................................Margit Hansen / Pigernes guld & sølv - Copenhagen K 2001 - 2003
REESLEV....................................St & Co INC Aps - Copenhagen K 2007 - ?
Regnstrup.....................................Regndtrup - Copenhagen 1961 - 1971
Reimer R......................................Hans Reimaer Rasmussen - Horsens 1916 - 1937
R.E.J.............................................Rudolf Einar Jensen - Copenhagen 1925 - 1957
Relo..............................................T.K. Andersen - Copenhagen 1970 - 1973
Relo..............................................Firmaet Relo - Helsingør 1970 - 1971
R.Emborg.....................................R. Emborg - Gørlev 1907 - 1937
René Sindlev................................René Sindlev A/S - Copenhagen V 2000 - 2002
Reppien........................................J. Reppien - Skanderborg 1957 - 1967
Reppien........................................Otto Reppien - Skanderborg 1957 - 1967
RES..............................................Ruth H. Eriksen - Brønshøj 1993 - 1994
RES..............................................René Sørensen - Viborg 2008 - ?
Resdahl........................................Chr. Resdahl - Rødby 1919 - 1937
RF.................................................Rudolf Flume v/ J. Nørgård - Haslev 1984 - 1989
R.F................................................Karl H. Robert Flodin - Copenhagen 1947 - 1973
RG................................................Rikke Gransøe - Charlottenlund 2005 - ?
R.G...............................................Royal Gold v/ A.S Bülow - Snekkersten 1966 - 1973
R.& G.H.......................................Brdr. R. & G. Hansen - Søborg 1945 - 1956
RH................................................Niels Ruddy Hansen - Copenhagen / Hvidovre 1981 - 1996
RH................................................Niels Ruddy Hansen Aps - Brønby 1997 - ?
R.H...............................................R. Hermann - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
R.H.S............................................Robert Helbo Sørensen - Ålborg 1959 - 1973
RIA...............................................Maria Prokesch - Sorø 2008 - ?
RIB...............................................Ole Riberholdt - Roskilde 1961 - 1971
RIB...............................................Ole Riberholdt - Roskilde 1978 - 1981
RIB...............................................Ole Riberholdt - Roskilde 1991 - 1998
Rich. Jørgensen........................Richard Jørgensen - Hellerup 1929 - 1940
Rich. Jørgensen........................Richard Jørgensen - Hellerup 1929 - 1970
Riim...............................................Frits Niels Peter Riim - Copenhagen 1924 - 1937
Riis................................................Chr. Riis - Middelfart 1907 - 1937
Rikke J........................................Rikke Jacobsen Aps - Kolding 2008 - ?
Rimer............................................John Rimer - Måløv 1966 - 1996
Ring..............................................Werner Ring - Copenhagen 1970 - ?
Ringen...........................................M. Henningsen - Copenhagen 1937 - 1967
Ring H..........................................Werner Ring - Copenhagen 1968 - 1996
RIVOIR........................................Rivoir; filial af Hans Rivoir GmbH, Tyskland - Copengagen K 2004 - 2009
RIVOIR........................................Niels Ruddy Hansen Aps - Brøndby 2009 - ?
Rixen.............................................Aug. Rixen - Ærøskøbing 1921 - 1937
RJ................................................Rasmus Jensen - Kolding 1890 - 1937
RJ..................................................Richard Jørgensen - Hellerup 1929 - 1937
RJ..................................................Billy Kanda - Copenhagen 1991 - 1995
R.J.................................................Ruth Junget - Hellerup 1976 - 1981
R.J..............................................Chr. R. Jensen - Copenhagen 1893 - 1937
R.J.................................................Rikke Hvalsøe Jacobsen / Art Jacobsen - Holbæk 2007 - ?
R.E.J.& J......................................R.Jensens Eftf v/ Jessen - Horsens 1919 - 1937
R.Jensen.....................................Rasmus Jensen - Horsens 1890 - 1957
RK.................................................Henry Rikard Karlsson - Søborg 1975 - 1990
RK.................................................Rakesh Kumar Jain / Jain Import - Holbæk 1994 - 1999<
RK.................................................Rakesh Kumar Jain - Holbæk 2003 - ?
R.Kert...........................................Rasmus Rasmussen Kert - Stege 1937 - 1947
RL.................................................Rikke Lunnemann _Jensen - Svendborg 2006 - ?
R.L................................................Regner Leth - Copenhagen 1955 - 1974
R.Leth...........................................Regnar Leth - Copnehagen 1958 - 1974
R.M...............................................R. Müller - Ballerup 1979 - 1989
R.M...............................................Rudolf Malmberg - Esbjerg V 2002 - 2004
RMS.............................................RM Smykkehandel - Roskilde
R.N................................................Flemming Rensch Nielsen - Ebeltoft 1969 - 1974
R.N................................................Bræmer Jensen Guldvarefabrik - Randers NV 1997 - ?
R. Notkin......................................Rebekka Notkin - Copenhagen K 1997 - ?
RNS...............................................Flemming Rensch Nielsen - Ebeltoft 1974 - 2002
RNS...............................................Bræmer Jensen Guldvarefabrik A/S - Randers NV 2002 - 2009
RNS...............................................Jens J. Aagard A/S - Svendborg 2009 - ?
RO.................................................Romenta - Roskilde 1962 - 1984
RO.................................................Romenta - Hals 1987 - ?
Ro.A..............................................Ronald Accessories - Copenhagen 1979 - 2004
ROA..............................................Ronald A/S - Copenhagen Ø 2011 - ?
Rode..............................................J.P.Carl Rode - Aabenraa 1924 - 1937
Rode..............................................C.C. Rode Kibæk 1955 - 1987
Rofa...............................................Rofa Guld v/ O. Larsen - Roskilde 1967 - 1973
Ro.G..............................................Roskilde Guldsmedie - Roskilde 1966 - 1973
Rogers...........................................Torben A. Rogers - Holstebro 1907 - 1937
R.O.R............................................Richard Oxholm Rasch - Copenhagen 1913 - 1937
Rose..............................................E.A.C Rose - Nykøbing F 1893 - 1937
Rose..............................................Kjeld Rose`s minral - Århus 1983 - 1985
Rose..............................................Anders Nielsen / Rosenholm - Horlslet 1998 - 2006
Rosenthal......................................Rosenthal Studio-haus - Copenhagen 1969 - 1973
ROSENTHAL.................................Rosenthal Studio-haus - Copenhagen 1981 - 1988
Rosgaard.......................................Mette Rosgaard - Frederiksberg 2000 - ?
Rostg.............................................John Ole Rostgaard - Copenhagen 1993 - ?
ROUGH..........................................Maya Bjørnsten - Humlebæk 2007 - ?
ROVE............................................Susanne Rove Hansen - Taastrup 2008 - ?
R.P.................................................R. Petersen - Horsens 1893 - 1937
R.R................................................R. Rasmussen - Stege 1905 - 1937
R.R................................................Robet Ryberg - Copenhagen 1940 - 1970
RR.................................................Rikke Ravn - Gentofte 1980 - 1983
R.R................................................Rikke Ravn - Holstebro 1985 - 1987
R.Rasmussen................................R. Rasmussen - Stege 1905 - 1937
RRC..............................................Rugtved Rønnow Trading & Consulting Aps - Hellerup 2008 - ?
R.R.E............................................Rebecca Julie Elbek - Copenhagen NV 2006 - ?
R.R.H............................................Raed Razzak Hassan Al-Ali - Odense 2008 - ?
RRJ...............................................Ragner R. Jørgensen - Copenhagen K 2001 - 2002
RRJ...............................................Ragnar R. Jørgensen / Millé Copenhagen - Copenhagen NV 2004 - 2004
R.S.................................................Rud Svinth - Odense 1927 - 1937
R.S.................................................Randers Sølvvarefabrik - Randers 1968 - ?
RSE...............................................Robert Seemann - Herfølge 1992 - 1995
RSE...............................................Robert Seemann - Herfølge 2008 - ?
R.S.F.............................................Rebecca S. Falck - Frederikssund 1998 - 2000
Rs.J...............................................Rasmus Jensen - Horsens 1909 - 1948
R.SVART.......................................Ruben Svart - Copenhagen 1989 - ?
RT..................................................Barbara T. Nowakowska - Hobro 1998 - 1999
RT..................................................René Holmen Thomsen - Greve 2003 - 2009
Ru..................................................Ruwaco A/S Handel - Copenhagen 1963 - 1973
RU.................................................Rey Urban - Copenhagen 1975 - 1976
RU.................................................Runa Hellesøe - Stege 2010 - ?
Ru.A..............................................Rudolf Andresen - Aabenraa 1953 - 1989
RUBY............................................Jørgen Ruby / Ruby Auktioner - Kolding 2004 - 2004
RUBY............................................Jørgen Ruby / Ruby Auktioner Aps - Kolding 2005 - 2008
Rud J.............................................Rud. Jensen - Struer 1936 - 1946
Rud.P.............................................Rudolf Paulsen - Copenhagen 1944 - 1944
Rud.Svinth.....................................Rudolf Svinth - Odense 1918 - 1948
RUFI..............................................Ruth Fisker - Tønder 1989 - ?
RUTH............................................Ruth H. Eriksen - Brønshøj 1985 - ?
RUTH M........................................Ruth Elisabeth Meyer - Virum 1981 - 1991
RVC...............................................Fonden Ribe Vikingecenter - Ribe 2010 - ?
R.V.M............................................R.V. Madsen - Bøvlingbjerg 1927 - 1937
R.V.Madsen..................................R.V. Madsen - Bøvlingbjerg 1927 - 1937
R.V.O.............................................Robert Valentin Olsen - Copenhagen 1960 - 1973
R.V.V.............................................Ronald Vorup Vestergaard - Holbæk
R.V.W............................................Robert Victor Wilson - Copenhagen 1913 - 1937
RW.................................................Rainbow Trading v/ F. Xue - Højbjerg 1988 - 1988
R.W................................................R. Westergaard - Odense 1893 - 1937
R.W................................................Robert Thorkild Wire - Copnehagen 1957 - 1973
R..Westh........................................Regnar Westh - Helsingør 1920 - 1937
R.Wilson........................................Robert Victor Wilson - Copenhagen 1913 - 1937
R.Wire...........................................Robert Thorkild Wire - Copenhagen 1957 1973
R.Wire...........................................Robert Thorkild Wire - Aarhus 1934 - 1945
R.W.P............................................Hans Richard Wøhlk - Copenhagen 1956 - 1966
RYON............................................Ryon K. Sørensen / Kernehuset - Mårslet 2008 - ?
..................................................Paul Rønbjerg - Copenhagen 1965 - 1973
..................................................Karen Christesen - Kalundborg 2008 - ?
Rønberg.........................................Poul Rønbjerg - Copenhagen 1963 - 1973
Rønje.............................................Jørgen Rønje - Copenhagen 1977 - 1981
RØPKE..........................................Scandinavisk Slyngstøberi - Copenhagen 1977 - 2001



worldwide hallmarks overview WORLD HALLMARKS OVERVIEW    A-B      C-F      G-L      M-R      S-Z   
SILVER FINENESS NUMBERS

OTHER EUROPEAN HALLMARKS (under construction)      and HALLMARKING CONVENTION

AUSTRIA     BELGIUM     CYPRUS     CZECHIA/CZECH REPUBLIC     DENMARK     ESTONIA    FINLAND     FRANCE     GERMANY     GREECE     HUNGARY     IRELAND     ITALY     LATVIA     LITHUANIA     LUXEMBOURG     MALTA     THE NETHERLANDS     NORWAY     POLAND     PORTUGAL     ROMANIA     SLOVAKIA     SLOVENIA     SPAIN     SWEDEN     SWITZERLAND     UNITED KINGDOM

English home page
This is a page of 'The What is? Silver Dictionary' of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington), history, oddities ...
HOME - SITE MAP - SILVER DICTIONARY - COOKIES CONSENT AND PRIVACY