A SMALL COLLECTION OF ANTIQUE SILVER
AND OBJECTS OF VERTU

EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SILVER AND GOLD HALLMARKS
DENMARK MAKER'S MARKS: B
A silver or gold object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more hallmarks indicating the purity of the metal and the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith
The word "HALLMARK" derives from the fact that, since the 16th century, precious metals were sent to the London Goldsmiths' Hall for testing to ensure that the correct standard of silver had been used. The Goldsmiths' Hall was the headquarters of the Goldsmiths' Company and the home of the Assay Office.
In some countries, the testing of precious metal objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assay office.
Depending on the national legislation the use of hallmarks may be compulsory, voluntary or provided by a manufacturer's declaration.
The Danish hallmarking system is organized on a voluntary base.
The first Danish hallmarking was made in Copenhagen at the end of the 15th century.
Later, other cities as Aalbotg, Aarhus, Odense and Viborg introduced their own mark as a guarantee of precious metals.
In 1893 the "Three-tower" mark of Copenhagen was adopted as the national mark in the new standardized hallmarking system. Copenhagen had the only Assay Office in Denmark.


DENMARK HALLMARKING SYSTEM



THE DIRECTORY OF DANISH SILVERSMITHS (after 1890)
by nobelantik.dk
 A       B       C      D       E       F      G       H       I      J       K       L      M       N       O      P       Q       R      S      T       U       V      W       X       Y      Z      Æ      Ø      Å    


MARK                                  MAKER
XD......................................................Axel Duus Guldsmedeforretning - Faaborg 2016 - ?
xen.....................................................Tim Kragh Christensen / Timework of Scandinavia ApS - Middelfart 2003 - 2008
XJB......................................................House on a hill by XJB - Ebeltoft 2015 - ?
XO........................................................Xolution ApS - Copenhagen 2007 - 2008
XX........................................................Benny Larsson / juveler Wilhjelm Müller - Køge 1976 - 1991
XX........................................................Niels Ruddy Hansen ApS - Hvidovre 1994 - 1996



Y............................................................Babylon Guld, sølv o ure - Copenhagen 2012 - ?
YB..........................................................Guld & Juveler - Vejle 2006 - 2010
Y.C.L.....................................................Yohai Lahmi / Y. & C. Lahmi - Århus 1995 - 1996
YD..........................................................Pia Christensen / YourDesign - Marstal 2012 - ?
YE..........................................................Yanvan Europe Aps - Dragør 2014 - ?
YF..........................................................Josefine / Yofi - Copenhagen 1995 - 1995
Y.L........................................................Yvonne Lund - Herning 1983 - 1997
Y.Lahmi................................................Yahia Lahmi - Århus 1993 - 1995
YNS......................................................Yvette Nyrup Strenge - Charlottenlund 2015 - ?
Y.P........................................................Yvan Chr. Preetzmann - Århus 1956 - 1988
YUKI....................................................Yuki Ferdinandsen - Copenhagen 2004 - ?
YV.........................................................Hein Silver Design, Scandinavia - Valby 2007 - 2013



Z............................................................Jette Bøcher Nielsen / Ziga - Ebeltoft 2009 - 2015
Z............................................................Mads Ziegler A/S - Odense 2015 - ?
ZB..........................................................Zenia Barlo - Ribe 2016 - ?
ZABEL..................................................Maria Zabel Jewellery - Copenhagen 2012 - 2016
ZABEL..................................................Dyrberg og Kern A/S - Copenhagen 2016 - ?
ZAF........................................................Poul Erik Hansen / Zafina - Gentofte 1997 - 1998
ZAF........................................................Poul Erik Hansen / Zafina - Gentofte 1999 - 1999
ZARKOP...............................................Zarko P - Helsingør 2011 - 2012
ZARPO..................................................Zarko P - Helsingør 2011 - ?
ZCE........................................................Zofia Catharina Enevoldsen - Århus 2005 - 2015
ZCJ........................................................Ziva CPH Jewelery IVS - Kastrup 2016 - ?
ZD..........................................................Zeadon Aps - Copenhagen 2015 - ?
ZEPLIN.................................................Kirsten - Charlottenlund 2015 - ?
ZH..........................................................Peter B Z Hansen - Ørsted 1986 - 1988
zi............................................................Pia Valsgaard - Slagelse 2007 - 2010
ZIKA.....................................................ZIKA ?? - Dronningmølle 2006 - ?
Zinglersen.............................................Carl Zinglersen - Odense 1909 - 1967
ZKE.......................................................Zofia Karen Enevoldsen - Hjortshøj 2015 - ?
ZOE.......................................................Zoëga Jewellery - Copenhagen 2016 - ?
Zoega....................................................Andreas Vilhelm Zoega - Copenhagen 1911 - 1937
Zizan.....................................................Ilselil Myrhøj / Zizan Art - Værløse 2000 - ?
Z.U........................................................D.A.P. ApS / Butik Zuni - Helsingør 1995 - 1998
ZU.........................................................ZU-RI - Odense 2012 - 2013
ZV.........................................................Zarah Voigt / Zarah Voigt Design - Copenhagen 2007 - ?



ÆMK..................................................Ædelmetalmetalkontrollen - Copenhagen 1989 - ?
From 1989 the Assayer was replaced by the Ædelmetalmetalkontrollen.
Today the control is done by three people, occasionally using ÆMK as a name stamp



Ø..........................................................Charlotte Busk Østergaard / Charlott's Diamonds - Nørresundby 2009 - ?
Ø.E.......................................................Øssur Karlsberg Eysturoy - Copenhagen 1955 - 2001
Øelund................................................Johs. Øelund - Middelfart 1911 - 1937
Ø-H.......................................................Øster-Hansen - Hellerup 1965 - 1973
Ø.P.......................................................Bashir Ahmed Gogolu / Østens Perle - Helsingør 2002 - 2005
ØST......................................................Mette Ostberg - Egå 1992 - ?
ØSTBERG...........................................Mette Østberg - Egå 1992 - ?
Østerberg.............................................Willy Østerberg - Copenhagen 1955 - 1973
Østergaard...........................................Søren N. Østergaard - Skive 1907 - 1957
ØV........................................................Hans Henrik Stefansen - Liseleje 2008 - 2008
ØVLI.....................................................Hanne Thing Mortensen / ØVLI Design by Thing - Rødovre 2009 - 2010



Å-F........................................................Åge Fausing - Copenhagen 1963 - 1973
Å.Fausing.............................................Åge Fausing - Copenhagen 1963 - 1973
Å.Fausing.............................................Åge Fausing - Copenhagen 1973 - 1985
Ågot H...................................................Ågot Henrichsen - Frederiksberg 1916 - 1937
Å.J..........................................................Aage S. Marius Jensen - Copenhagen 1949 - 1969
Å.K.J......................................................Aage Koldby Jensen - Aarhus 1952 - 1962
Å-M.T.....................................................Å-M. Thorbjørnsrud - Copenhagen 1984 - 1985
Å.N.Th...................................................Aage Nygaard Thomsen - Ikast 1922 - 1937
Å.Nygaard Th.......................................Aage Nygaard Thomsen - Ikast 1922 - 1937



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