HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
C& - CA
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
C & A mark, Collett & Anderson, London 1919
C & A
Collett & Anderson
London 1919 hallmark
C&B into a rectangle mark, Cocks &  Bettridge, Birmingham 1809
C&B into a rectangle
Cocks & Bettridge
Birmingham 1809 hallmark
C & C mark, Collins & Cook, Birmingham 1965
C & C
Collins & Cook
Birmingham 1965 hallmark
C & C mark, Albert Cohen & Charles Solomon, Sheffield 1959 C & C mark, Albert Cohen & Charles Solomon, Birmingham 1909 C & C mark, Albert Cohen & Charles Solomon, London (import) 1904 C & C mark, Albert Cohen & Charles Solomon, London (import) 1904 C & C mark, Albert Cohen & Charles Solomon, Chester 1902
C&C into a chamfered rectangle
Albert Cohen & Charles Soloman - Cohen & Charles
the firm Cohen & Charles was established in 1890 at 11 Thavies Inn, Holborn, London. In 1958 the business was bought by S.J. Rose & Sons Ltd
Sheffield 1959 hallmark

Birmingham 1909 hallmark


London 1904 (import) hallmark


Chester 1902 hallmark
C & C mark, not identified, London 1927
C & C
not identified
London 1927 hallmark
C & Co mark, Carrington & Co , London 1908 C & Co mark, Carrington & Co , London 1908
C&Co into a chamfered rectangle
Carrington & Co
130 Regent Street, London
A retailer silversmith acting for a while as London showroom of G.B. Collis & Co, Birmingham.
London 1908 hallmark
C&Co into a chamfered indented rectangle mark, Collingwood & Co, London 1963 C&Co into a chamfered indented rectangle mark, Collingwood & Co, London 1963
C& Co into a chamfered indented rectangle
Collingwood & Co
entered 1912
London 1963 hallmark
C&F into a rectangle mark, Cropp & Farr, Birmingham 1901
C&F into a rectangle
Cropp & Farr
94 Hatton Garden, London
Birmingham 1901 hallmark
C & N mark, Crisford & Norris , Birmingham 1902
C & N
Crisford & Norris
Birmingham 1902 hallmark
C&R over C into a trefoil mark, Charles & Richard Comyns , London 1919
C&R over C into a trefoil
Charles & Richard Comyns
London 1919 hallmark
C&SLtd. mark, Sheffield 1937
C&SLtd
Clark & Sewell Ltd
Sheffield 1937 hallmark
C&SLtd. mark, Collingwood & Sons - possibly-, Birmingham 1937
C&SLtd
Collingwood & Sons - possibly-
Horatio Nelson Collingwood trading as Collinwood & Son
Linthorpe Road - Middlesborough
Birmingham 1937 hallmark
C&Sns into an oblong rectangle mark, Chaplin & Sons, London 1896 C&Sns into an oblong rectangle mark, Chaplin & Sons, London 1896
C&Sns into an oblong rectangle
Chaplin & Sons
The firm was founded in 1833 by Robert James Chaplin. The business was closed in the mid 1920s
London 1896 hallmark
C&W mark, Catchpole &  Williams Ltd   - possibly-, London 1972
C&W
Catchpole & Williams Ltd - possibly-
London 1972 hallmark
CA.GA mark, Charles Asprey & George Asprey now Asprey & Co, London 1891 CA.GA mark, Charles Asprey & George Asprey now Asprey & Co, London 1891
CA.GA
Charles Asprey and George Asprey now Asprey & Co,
London 1891 hallmark
....MORE....
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS




MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


SILVER MARKS AND HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
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