HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
CD - CF
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
CD into a rectangle mark, Charles Dalgleish, Edinburgh 1818
CD into a rectangle
Charles Dalgleish,
Edinburgh 1818 hallmark
CDL into an oval mark, Carel David Lotter, Cape Colony 1815 c.
CDL into an oval
Carel David Lotter,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. The son of Wilhelm Godfried Lotter (1748) and Wilhelmina Margaretha Wentzel, baptized at the Cape on 23 August 1789. Married Catharina Dorothea van Echten in 1810. Documented activity as silversmith from 1812 to 1848.
Cape Colony 1815 c. hallmark
CE mark, Charles Eley, London 1826
CE
Charles Eley,
London 1826 hallmark
ELEY FAMILY: HISTORY AND MARKS
CE into a shield mark, Charles Edwards, London 1920
CE into a shield
Charles Edwards,
London 1920 hallmark
C.E mark, Christopher Eades and M.West retailer, Dublin 1824
C.E
Christopher Eades and M.West retailer,
Dublin 1824 hallmark
C.E into a shield mark, Charles Edwards, London 1876
C.E into a shield
Charles Edwards,
London 1876 hallmark
C.E into a chamfered rectangle mark, not identified, London 1935
C.E into a chamfered rectangle
not identified,
London 1935 hallmark
Ce & Fd mark, Constantine & Floyd , Birmingham 1893, courtesy image Robert Massart
C e & Fd
Constantine & Floyd,
14 Regent Place, Birmingham
Birmingham 1893 hallmark
Ce & Fd Ld mark, Constantine & Floyd Ltd, Birmingham 1910,
Ce&Fd Ld
Constantine & Floyd Ltd,
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
CES mark, Charles Edward Soloman, Birmingham 1897
CES
Charles Edward Soloman,
Birmingham 1897 hallmark
C.E.T into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Charles Edwin Turner, Birmingham 1910 C.E.T into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Charles Edwin Turner, Birmingham 1910
C.E.T into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Charles Edwin Turner,
Birmingham 1910 hallmark
C.E.W mark, C E Williams, Birmingham 1901 C.E.W mark, C E Williams, Birmingham 1901
C.E.W
C E Williams,
Birmingham 1901 hallmark
C.E.W&S mark, C E Williams & Son , Birmingham 1920 c.
C.E.W&S
C E Williams & Son ,
14 Regent Place, Birmingham
Birmingham 1920 c. hallmark
CF mark, Crispin Fuller, London 1806
CF
Crispin Fuller,
London 1806 hallmark
CF into an indented oval mark, Charles Fox, London 1829
CF into an indented oval
Charles Thomas Fox ,
London 1829 hallmark
CF mark, Charles Fox, London 1838
CF
Charles Thomas Fox ,
London 1838 hallmark


FOX FAMILY: HISTORY & MARKS
C.F  mark, not identified, Sheffield 1870
C.F
not identified
possibly Charles Favel of Creswick & Co -

Sheffield 1870 hallmark
CF.H&Co mark, C F Hancock & Co, London 1900
CF.H& Co
C F Hancock & Co,
London 1900 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS




MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


SILVER MARKS AND HALLMARKS DIRECTORY
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