HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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English home page
versione italiana page d'accueil en francais
This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1500 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
WF - WG
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
WF into shield mark, William Fairbairns & Sons, Sheffield 1874
WF into shield
William Fairbairns & Sons
St Mary Axe, London
entered 1885
Sheffield 1874 hallmark
W.F into a rectangle mark, William Fearn, London 1771
W.F into a rectangle
William Fearn
Apprenticed to Thomas Chawner in 1762. Mark entered in 1769
London 1771 hallmark
W.F over A.F mark, Fordham & Faulkner, Sheffield 1913 W.F over A.F mark, Fordham & Faulkner, Sheffield 1913
W.F over A.F into a chamfered square
Fordham & Faulkner (William Charles Fordham & Albert Faulkner),
Orchard Works, Orchard Lane, Sheffield
Sheffield 1913 hallmark (entered in 1896)



London 1897 hallmark (entered in 1896)
WG mark, William Garrard, London 1743
WG
William Garrard
entered 1739
London 1743 hallmark
WG mark, William Gwillim , London 1741
WG
William Gwillim
London 1741 hallmark
WG into a penthagon mark, William Gough -Gough & Silvester-, Birmingham 1866
WG into a penthagon
William Gough -Gough & Silvester-
Parade, Birmingham
Birmingham 1866 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
W.G in script mark, William Grundy, London 1752 W.G in script mark, William Grundy, London 1752
W.G in script
William Grundy
entered 1748
London 1752 hallmark
W.G into two conjoined circles mark, William Gould, London 1750 W.G into two conjoined circles mark, William Gould, London 1750 W.G into two conjoined circles mark, William Gould, London 1750 W.G into two conjoined circles mark, William Gould, London 1750
W.G into two conjoined circles
William Gould
entered 1748
London 1750 hallmark
W.G into two conjoined circles mark, William Gardener Groves, London 1916 W.G into two conjoined circles mark, William Gardener Groves, London 1916
W.G into two conjoined circles
William Gardener Groves
London 1916 hallmark
See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS">
W.G over J.L  mark, Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co: William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman, Sheffield 1892 W.G over J.L  mark, Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co: William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman, London 1886 WG over JL  mark, Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co: William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman, London 1897
W.G over J.L into a shield
       or
WG over JL into a shield
Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co: William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman
Sheffield 1892 hallmark

London 1886 hallmark




London 1897 hallmark
WGM into an oblong rectangle mark, Walter & George Myers, Birmingham 1878 WGM into an oblong rectangle mark, Walter & George Myers, Birmingham 1878
WGM into an oblong rectangle
Walter & George Myers
Northampton Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1878 hallmark
WG&S into a shield mark, William Gallimore & Sons, Sheffield 1905
WG&S into a shield
William Gallimore & Sons
Sheffield 1905 hallmark
WG&S mark, William Greenwood & Sons, Birmingham 1927
WG&S
William Greenwood & Sons
Birmingham 1927 hallmark
WGL into an oval mark, Willem Godfried Lotter , Cape Colony 1820 c.
WGL into an oval
Willem Godfried Lotter,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith
Cape Colony 1820 c. hallmark
W.G.S&Co mark, W G Sothers & Co, Birmingham 1912
W.G.S&Co
W G Sothers & Co
Birmingham 1912 hallmark



MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


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