HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
WT - WZ
A&/AC    AD/AK    AL/AZ    B&/BB    BC/BO    BP/BZ    C&/CA    CB/CC    CD/CF    CG/CL    CM/CS    CT/CZ    D&/DB    DC/DL    DM/DZ    E&/EA    EB/ED    EE/EH    EI/EO    EP/EZ    F&/FD    FE/FJ    FK/FZ    G&/GB    GC/GG    GH/GL    GM/GR    GS/GZ    H&/H&    HA/HB    HC/HE    HF/HL    HM/HU    HV/HZ    I&/IG    IH/IL    IM/IZ    J&/JA    JB/JC    JD/JG    JH/JK    JL/JQ    JR/JR    JS/JS    JT/JZ    K&/KZ    L&/LB    LC/LZ    M&/MB    MC/MI    MJ/MZ    N&/NZ    O&/OZ    P&/PK    PL/PZ    QA/QZ    R&/RB    RC/RG    RH/RK    RL/RQ    RR/RZ    S&/SB    SC/SI    SJ/SR    SS/SZ    T&/TC    TD/TG    TH/TN    TO/TS    TT/TZ    U&/UZ    V&/VZ    W&/WA    WB/WB    WC/WC    WD/WE    WF/WG    WH/WL    WM/WM    WN/WR    WS/WS    WT/XZ    Y&/YZ    Z&/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
W 'star' T mark, William Turton, Birmingham 1901
W 'star' T
William Thorneywork
Birmingham 1901 hallmark
WT mark, William Turner, London 1762 WT mark, William Turner, London 1762
WT
William Turner
London 1762 hallmark
(Grimwade 3353, 3906)
WT into a rectangle mark, William Tanner or William Troby, London c. 1819
WT into a rectangle
William Tanner or William Troby
London c. 1819 hallmark
WT into a rectangle mark, William Traies, London  1833
WT into a rectangle
William Traies
entered 1824
London 1833 hallmark
W.T mark, William Turton, London 177?
W.T
William Turton
London 177? hallmark
W.T into a chamfered rectanglemark, William Traies, London 1823
W.T into a chamfered rectangle
William Traies
London 1823 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
W.T into a chamfered rectanglemark, William Theobalds, London 1841
W.T into a chamfered rectangle
William Theobalds
7 Salisbury Court, London, trading also as William Theobalds & Co
London 1841 hallmark
W.T into a chamfered rectangle mark, Walter Trickett, Sheffield 1922
W.T into a chamfered rectangle
Walter Trickett
58, Holly Street, Sheffield. Mark entered 1894
Sheffield 1922 hallmark
W over TC over C mark, Thomas & William Chawner , London 1768
W over TC over C
Thomas & William Chawner
London 1768 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
W.T.T & Co mark, W T Toghill & Co , Birmingham 1947
W.T.T & Co
W T Toghill & Co
Birmingham 1947 hallmark
W.V & S into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, William  Vale & Sons, Birmingham 1907
W.V & S into an oblong chamfered rectangle
William Vale & Sons,
Unett Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1907 mark (entered 1883)
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
WV NB and English Lion passant mark,William Norris Venning, New Brunswick 1813-1871
WV NB and English Lion passant
William Norris Venning,
a Canada silversmith
New Brunswick 1813-1871 mark
WW mark, William Ward, Dublin 1800
WW
William Ward,
Dublin 1800 mark
WW mark, William Woodman , Exeter 1834 WW mark, William Woodman , Exeter 1834
WW
William Woodman ,
Exeter 1834 mark
WW mark, William Woodman, Exeter 1831
WW (gothic)
William Woodman,
a Bristol silversmith
Exeter 1831 mark
W.W mark, William Weston or William Williams II, London c. 1800
W.W
William Weston or William Williams II
London c. 1800 hallmark
W.W into a rectangle mark, William Welch Sr., Plymouth 1809
W.W into a rectangle
William Welch Sr.
Plymouth 1809 hallmark
W.W into two conjoined circles  mark, Wakely & Wheeler, London  1927
W.W into a trefoil under &
Wakely & Wheeler,
London 1927 hallmark .....MORE....
chronology of Wakely & Wheeler marks
W.W into two conjoined circles  mark, White & Sons, Sheffield 1971
W.W into two conjoined circles
White & Sons,
Burgess Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1971 hallmark
W.W in script mark, Walter H Willson Ltd, London 1977
W.W in script
Walter H Willson Ltd ,
London 1977 hallmark
W.W over & over J.H into a quatrefoil mark, White Henderson & Co, Sheffield 1869
W.W over & over J.H into a quatrefoil
White, Henderson & Co,
Elcho Works, Burgess street, Sheffield
entered 1866
Sheffield 1869 hallmark
W.W.C mark, William Walter Cashmore, Birmingham 1918
W.W.C
William Walter Cashmore,
Birmingham 1918 hallmark
W.W.C into a chamfered rectangle mark, William Walter Cashmore, Birmingham 1920
W.W.C into a chamfered rectangle
William Walter Cashmore,
Birmingham 1920 hallmark
W.W over F.D into a quatrefoil  mark, William Thomas Wright & Frederick Davies, London 1885
W.W over F.D into a quatrefoil
William Thomas Wright & Frederick Davies ,
370 Oxford Street, London
mark entered in 1864
London 1885 hallmark
W.W.G over &S into a shield mark, W.W. Griffith & Son, Birmingham 1925
W.W.G over &S into a shield
W.W. Griffith & Son,
mark entered in 1921
Birmingham 1925 hallmark
WW over H into a trefoil mark, W. W. Harrison & Co, Sheffield 1904
WW over H into a trefoil
W. W. Harrison & Co,
The Montgomery Works, Fargate, Sheffield
mark entered in 1866
Sheffield 1904 hallmark
W.W over H.G  into a shield mark, Watson  & Gillott - William Watson & Herbert Gillott, Sheffield 1921
W.W over H.G into a shield
Watson & Gillott - William Watson & Herbert Gillott,
25 Furnival St, Sheffield
Sheffield 1921 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
W over W.S over P in a cross shaped contour mark, William Shaw II & William Preist, London 1755
W over W.S over P in a cross shaped contour
William Shaw II & William Preist,
mark entered in 1749
London 1755 hallmark
W.W.W into an oblong rectangle mark, William Wrangham Williams, London 1867
W.W.W into an oblong rectangle
William Wrangham Williams,
entered 1860
London 1867 hallmark
W.Y  mark, William Yates Ltd, Sheffield 1963
W.Y
William Yates Ltd,
Sheffield 1963 hallmark



MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


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