HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS
WM - WM
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ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS
AA/AE    AF/AZ    BA/BZ    CA/CH    CI/CZ    DA/DZ    EA/EZ    FA/FZ    GA/GZ    HA/HG    HH/HZ    IA/IG    IH/IZ    JA/JC    JD/JI    JJ/JP    JQ/JS    JT/JZ    KA/LZ    MA/MZ    NA/PA    PB/PZ    QA/RJ    RK/RZ    SA/SG    SH/SZ    TA/TH    TI/TZ    UA/WB    WC/WF    WG/WL    WM/WS    WT/ZZ   

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
 A    B    C    D     E    F    G    H    I    J    K    L    M    N    O    P    Q    R    S    T    U    V    W    X     Y    Z 
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS| | DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS | CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
W.M  mark,William Moulson, London 1841
W.M
William Moulson
London 1841 hallmark

a subsidiary of Lambert & Rawlings. First partners were John Wrangham and William Moulson joined in 1823 by Paul Siddall.
WM under a crown into a trefoil mark, William Mortimer or William Marshall & Son, Edinburgh 1849
WM under a crown into a trefoil
William Mortimer or William Marshall & Son
Edinburgh 1849 hallmark
WM into a rectangle under a crown mark, William Marshall, Edinburgh c. 1860
WM into a rectangle under a crown
William Marshall
Edinburgh c. 1860 hallmark
WM and English pseudo-hallmarks mark, William Moore , Cape Colony 1840 c.
WM and English pseudo-hallmarks
William Moore,
a Cape of Good Hope Colony silversmith. Active 1840-1863. Registered as Goldsmith and Jeweller (1841-1842) and silversmith (1842-1863)
Cape Colony 1840 c. hallmark
WM into a lozenge mark, William Moering, London 1895
WM into a lozenge
William Moering
London 1895 hallmark
WM into a ondulating sides rectangular outline mark, William Manton known as Birmingham Gold & Silversmiths Ltd, Birmingham 1996
WM into a ondulating sides rectangular outline
William Manton known as Birmingham Gold & Silversmiths Ltd
Birmingham 1996 hallmark
WM without contour mark, William H. Manton known as Birmingham Gold & Silversmiths Ltd, Birmingham 1983
WM without contour
William H. Manton known as Birmingham Gold & Silversmiths Ltd
Birmingham 1983 hallmark
W.M mark, William Mann , London 1859
W.M
William Mann
London 1859 hallmark
WM over AM mark, not identified, Glasgow 1827
WM over AM
not identified
Glasgow 1827 hallmark
W.M.Co into three circles mark, Wilmott Manufacturing Co, Birmingham 1920 WMCo into three circles mark, Wilmott Manufacturing Co, Birmingham 1934
W.M.Co or W M Co into three circles
Wilmott Manufacturing Co
Birmingham 1920 hallmark
Birmingham 1934 hallmark
Formed in 1912 upon the amalgamation of Wilmot Brothers (York Works, Birmingham) and Norton & White and Walsam & Co (Camden Street, Birmingham). From 1920 the firm had showrooms at 40 High Holborn, London and Paris.
W.M.D mark, William M Duncan, Glasgow 1943
W.M.D
William M Duncan
Glasgow 1943 hallmark



MORE on the tutorial:     HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING  SILVER MARKS

The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718

Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'

A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890: Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty

Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838


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