JAMES DIXON & SONS
AND ITS PREDECESSORS: DIXON & SMITH - JAMES DIXON &&; SON
This is a page of A
Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu,
a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you
need to know about antique silver, sterling silver,
silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver,
silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements,
marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs,
famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington,
WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family),
history, oddities ...
MARKS - HALLMARKS - HISTORY
The business of manufacturing silversmiths, platers and Britannia metal workers was commenced in c. 1806 by James Dixon in
conjunction with Thomas Smith in Silver Street, Sheffield.
In 1824 they moved to Cornish Place, a large site, which enabled them to expand and develop the workshops,
casting shops, offices and warehouses.
In 1823 Thomas Smith withdrew and William Frederick Dixon, the eldest son of James, joined the firm.
In 1830, the firm began making silver and plated goods at Cornish
Place by acquiring the firm Nicholson, Ashforth and Cutts.
When James Willis Dixon, the second son of James, joined the firm the name was changed to James Dixon & Sons.
In 1836, the firm began to make spoons and forks from nickel silver - an alloy of nickel, copper and zinc
starting from 1848 to produce electroplate.
In the 1850s, several new buildings were constructed in Cornish Place to accommodate a stamp shop, showrooms, plating shops
for the electro-plate processes and more warehouse space.
The firm exhibited at the Great Exhibition in 1851, being awarded several prizes in different classes for
silver and Britannia metal.
Dixon's costing book of 1879 includes designs by Christopher Dresser, registered from 1880, and these were
produced until at least 1885, according to the trade catalogue issued in that year.
In the 1920s the firm began to use stainless steel to make both flatware and hollowware and the
production of silver and silver plated goods declined. Stainless steel spoons and forks manufactured
by James Dixon & Son carried the name "staybrite" and "Firth",
as Firth Brown was the firm where "straybrite" steel was invented in the 1910s.
In 1920 the firm was converted into a limited liability company and in 1930 the firm of William Hutton
& Sons Ltd of Sheffield was absorbed into James Dixon & Sons Ltd.
In the 1980s the firm had a financial collapse and the production in Cornish Place closed in 1992.
Dixon & Smith c. 1806-1823
James Dixon & Son c. 1823-1835
James Dixon & Sons 1835-1920
James Dixon & Sons Ltd 1920
absorbed William Hutton & Sons Ltd 1930
financial collapse and absorbed into British Silverware Production c. 1984
acquired by Chase Montague Group & Thesco 1993
STERLING SILVER HALLMARKS
James Dixon & Son, Silver Street and later James Dixon & Sons, Cornish Place, Sheffield.
Hallmarks entered in Sheffield Assay Office, used from 1829 until 1867
James Dixon & Sons, Cornish Place, Sheffield.
Hallmark entered in Sheffield Assay Office, August 13, 1867
OLD SHEFFIELD PLATE, ELECTROPLATE NICKEL SILVER, ELECTROPLATE BRITANNIA METAL,
STAINLESS STEEL, PEWTER
"TRUMPET AND BANNER" FIGURAL TRADE MARK
The first corporate mark of the trumpet (bugle) and banner was granted in 1879, and the second with the name was
added in 1890. Some authors claims that the trumpet with banner trade mark was officially registered in
1881 though being in use prior to that.
The "Trumpet and Banner" identifies without doubt Dixon's production. It is a fundamental element
to prevent mistakes with the marks "JD & S" used by another Sheffield manufacturer,
James Deakin & Sons
James Dixon & Sons
James Deakin & Sons
|BRITISH SILVER MAKERS: MARKS, HISTORY AND INFORMATION
BRITISH SILVERSMITHS -
ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MAKER'S AND SPONSOR'S MARKS
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique
Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly
illustrated website offering all you need to know about
antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield
plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea
services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks,
articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths
(Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton,
Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
work in progress on this page - your help, corrections and suggestions will be greatly appreciated -
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