HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: R& - RB
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
R&B mark, Roberts & Belk -Samuel Roberts & Charles Belk-, Sheffield 1886
R&B
Roberts & Belk -Samuel Roberts & Charles Belk-,
Sheffield 1886 hallmark

ROBERTS & BELK history and information
R&B mark, Roberts & Belk Ltd, Sheffield 1921 R&B mark, Roberts & Belk Ltd, Sheffield 1906
R&B
Roberts & Belk Ltd,
Sheffield 1921 hallmark

Sheffield 1906 hallmark

The firm was established in Sheffield in 1809 under the style of Furnyss, Pole & Turner and from 1823 it traded as William Briggs. From 1858 it was managed by William Briggs and Samuel Roberts under the style Roberts & Briggs. In 1863 Roberts continued the business in partnership with Charles Belk under the style Roberts & Belk. In 1901 the firm was convertd to Roberts & Belk Ltd.

ROBERTS & BELK history and information
R & Co into three conjoined circles mark, Robinson & Co Ltd, Sheffield 1916 R & Co into three conjoined circles mark, Robinson & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1907
R & Co into three conjoined circles
Robinson & Co Ltd,
The Square, Shrewsbury
Sheffield 1916 hallmark
Birmingham 1907 hallmark
R & Co into three conjoined circles mark, Robinson & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1907
R & Co into a six sides contour mark, Rattray & Co, Birmingham 1938 R & Co into a six sides contour mark, Rattray & Co, Birmingham 1938 R & Co into a six sides contour mark, Rattray & Co, Birmingham 1938
R& Co or R& Co into a six sides contour
Rattray & Co,
Dundee, Scotland
Birmingham 1938 hallmark
Birmingham 1937 hallmark R & Co into a six sides contour mark, Rattray & Co, Birmingham 1938
R&D mark, Roberts & Dore, Birmingham 1946 R&D mark, Roberts & Dore, Sheffield 1942
R & D
Roberts & Dore,

Birmingham 1946 hallmark




Sheffield 1942 hallmark
R & D into a chamfered rectangle mark, Roberts & Dore (possibly), London 1974
R & D into a chamfered rectangle
Roberts & Dore (possibly),
London 1974 hallmark
R&K mark, Richards & Knight , London 1978
R&K
Richards & Knight ,
London 1978 hallmark
R&S mark, not identified , Birmingham 1842
R&S
not identified,
Birmingham 1842 hallmark
R&S gothic into three conjoined circles mark,Reid & Sons, London 1923 R&S gothic into three conjoined circles mark,Reid & Sons, Dublin 1920
R&S gothic into three conjoined circles
Reid & Sons,

London 1923 hallmark

Dublin 1920 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk


REID & SONS: HISTORY & MARKS
R&S Ld gothic into three conjoined circles  mark, Reid & Sons Ltd, Birmingham 1939 R&S Ld gothic into three conjoined circles  mark, Reid & Sons Ltd, Sheffield 1939 R&S Ld gothic into three conjoined circles  mark, Reid & Sons Ltd, London 1950
R&S Ld gothic into three conjoined circles
Reid & Sons Ltd,

Birmingham 1939 hallmark


Sheffield 1939 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk


London 1950 hallmark


REID & SONS: HISTORY & MARKS
R&W into a shaped cartouche mark, Robb & Whittet, Edinburgh 1836
R&W into a shaped cartouche
Robb & Whittet ,
Edinburgh 1836 hallmark
R&W into an oblong rectangle mark, Reynolds & Westwood, Birmingham 1901 hallmark
R&W into an oblong rectangle
Reynolds & Westwood ,
Vyse Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1901 hallmark
R& over WS into a quatrefoil mark, Robert & William Sorley, Sheffield 1937 hallmark
R& over WS into a quatrefoil
Robert & William Sorley,
St Vincent Street, Renfield Street and Buchanan Street, Glasgow
Sheffield 1937 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
RA into an oval mark, Robert Allison, Glasgow 1955
RA into an oval
Robert Allison,
Glasgow 1955 hallmark
R.A under a crownmark, Robert Abercrombie, London 1738
R.A under a crown
Robert Abercrombie,
entered 1731
London 1738 hallmark
R.A in script into two conjoined circles mark, Robert Abercrombie, London 1740
R.A in script into two conjoined circles
Robert Abercrombie,
entered 1739
London 1740 hallmark
RAM over SEY mark, Edward Ramsey, Exeter 1847
RAM over SEY
Edward Ramsey,
Exeter 1847 hallmark
RB in script under a crown mark, Richard Beale, London 1742
RB in script under a crown
Richard Beale,
London 1742 hallmark
RB in script mark, Harrods Ltd -Richard Burbridge-, Sheffield 1912
RB in script mark, Harrods Ltd -Richard Burbridge-, Chester 1911 RB in script mark, Harrods Ltd -Richard Burbridge-, Chester 1911
RB in script
Harrods Ltd -Richard Burbridge-,
Sir Richard Burbridge was Managing Director of Harrods
Sheffield 1912 hallmark/a>
Chester 1911 hallmark
The Knightsbridge department store was founded in 1849 by Henry Charles Harrod. The business was converted to a limited liability company in 1889. In 1928 Harrods Ltd bought Edwards & Sons and in 1934 Elkington & Co Ltd.
R.B mark, Richard Britton, London 1820 RB mark, Richard Britton, London 1823
R.B or RB into a chamfered rectangle
Richard Britton
London 1820 hallmark


London 1823 hallmark

Apprenticed to John Hutson. First mark entered in 1812
R.B mark, not identified, Birmingham 1924 R.B mark, not identified, Birmingham 1924
R.B
not identified
Birmingham 1924 hallmark
RBLd into an oblong rectangle mark, Reign Beau Ltd, Birmingham 2000
RBLd into an oblong rectangle
Reign Beau Ltd,
Birmingham 2000 hallmark
R.Bs mark, Rolason Brothers, Chester 1901 R.Bs mark, Rolason Brothers, Birmingham 1912
R.Bs into an oblong rectangle
Rolason Brothers,
Vyse Street, Birmingham
Chester 1901 hallmark



Birmingham 1912 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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