HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: MC - MI
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
MC into an oval mark, Matthew Craw, Edinburgh 1802
MC into an oval
Matthew Craw,
born in Canongate, son of William Craw, goldsmith in Canongate and afterwards in Dumfries. His name appears in Edinburgh Assay Office Duty Books sending in work for assay in 1799-1805 and again 1811-1820
Edinburgh 1802 hallmark
MC mark, Mary Chawner, London 1833
MC
Mary Chawner,
London 1833 hallmark
MC into two conjoined circles mark, not identified, Sheffield 1944
MC into two conjoined circles
not identified,
Sheffield 1944 hallmark
MC&Co mark, Mackay, Chisholm & Company, Edinburgh 1878
MC&Co
Mackay, Chisholm & Company,
Edinburgh 1878 hallmark
M.C into a rectangle mark, Mabel Cambage, Edinburgh 1944
M.C into a rectangle
Mabel Cambage,
Edinburgh 1944 hallmark
MC over GA into a quatrefoil mark, Mary Chawner & George W Adams, London 1840
MC over GA into a quatrefoil
Mary Chawner & George W Adams,
London 1840 hallmark
M over CH into a trefoil mark, M C Hersey & Son, London 1991 M over CH into a trefoil mark, M C Hersey & Son, London 1991 M over CH into a trefoil mark, M C Hersey & Son, London 1991 M over CH into a trefoil mark, M C Hersey & Son, London 1991
M over CH into a trefoil
M C Hersey & Son,
London 1991 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
md mark, not identified , London 1986
md
not identified ,
London 1986 hallmark
MF into two conjoined circles mark, Maurice Freeman, Chester 1900
MF into two conjoined circles
Maurice Freeman,
26 Clerkenwell Road, London
Chester 1900 hallmark
MF into a chamfered rectangle mark, Maurice Freeman, London 1903
MF into a chamfered rectangle
Maurice Freeman,
26 Clerkenwell Road, London
London 1903 hallmark
MF mark, Friedlander & Co -Montague Friedlander- , Chester 1907
MF
Friedlander & Co -Montague Friedlander- ,
Royal Exchange Square, Glasgow
Chester 1907 hallmark
MF into an exagon mark, Maurice Flixher, Birmingham 1908 MF into an exagon mark, Maurice Flixher, Birmingham 1908
MF into an exagon
Maurice Flixher,
22 Ropemakers Street, London
Birmingham 1908 hallmark
See the section of "TOBACCONISTS, PIPE MAKERS, PIPE MOUNTERS"
M.G into an oblong rectangle mark, Michael Goldstone - possibly-, Edinburgh 1978 M.G into an oblong rectangle mark, Michael Goldstone - possibly-, Edinburgh 1978
M.G into an oblong rectangle
Michael Goldstone - possibly-,
Edinburgh 1978 hallmark
MH over & Co into a shield mark, Martin Hall &a Co Ltd, Sheffield 1886
MH over & Co into a shield
Martin Hall & Co Ltd,
The firm origins by the partnership established in 1820 in Sheffield by Henry Wilkinson and John Roberts who traded as Wilkinson & Roberts.The firm's cronology is: John Roberts (1836), Roberts & Hall ( 1846), Martin Hall & Co (1854), Martin Hall & Co Ltd (1866-1936). Martin Hall & Co was one of the best known British manufacturers and partecipated to many international exhibitions including the Crystal Palace 1851 Great Exhibition. They had also a line of production in electroplate and in a patented white metal called "Martinoid".
Sheffield 1886 hallmark

MARTIN HALL & CO HISTORY and MARKS
MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Martin Hall &a Co Ltd, Sheffield 1925 MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Martin Hall &a Co Ltd, Sheffield 1925 MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Martin Hall &a Co Ltd, Birmingham 1916
MH over & Co Ld into a quatrefoil
Martin Hall & Co Ltd,
Sheffield 1925 hallmark


Birmingham 1916 hallmark

MARTIN HALL & CO HISTORY and MARKS
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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