HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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This is a page of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu, a 1000 pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths (Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington, WMF, Reed & Barton, Mappin & Webb, Bateman Family), history, oddities ...
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: CT - CZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| |HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS|
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
C.T.B into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, Charles Turman Burrows -C T Burrows & Sons-, Birmingham 1934
C.T.B into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Charles Turman Burrows -C T Burrows & Sons- ,
Birmingham 1934 hallmark
CTF over GF mark, Charles Thomas Fox and George Fox, London 1856 CTF over GF mark, Charles Thomas Fox and George Fox, London 1856
CTF over GF
Charles Thomas Fox and George Fox,
London 1856 hallmark

FOX FAMILY: HISTORY & MARKS
CT over I.W mark, Carden Terry & Jane Williams , Cork 1807 c. CT over I.W mark, Carden Terry & Jane Williams , Cork 1812 c.
CT over I.W
Carden Terry & Jane Williams ,

Cork 1807 c. hallmark




Cork 1812 c. hallmark
C.T.M  mark, Charles T Maine - Jersey- , London 1899
C.T.M
Charles T Maine - Jersey- ,
London 1899 hallmark
C over T.W over W into an oval mark, Thomas Whipham II & Charles Wright, London 1761
C over T.W over W into an oval
Thomas Whipham II & Charles Wright,
London 1761 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ...
MORE....
C.U without contour mark, Reuben Percival Usher trading as The Usher Manufacturing Co, Birmingham 1925 (courtesy Paul Roberts)
C.U without contour or into a rectangle
Reuben Percival Usher trading as The Usher Manufacturing Co,
manufacturing jewellers and silversmiths, Vittoria Works, 32/34 Vittoria Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1925 hallmark
C.V into a rectangle, Charles Vale, Henry Vale & Rowland Sermon trading as Vale Brothers & Sermon, silversmiths and electroplate manufacturers, 12 Bartletts Building, London and 27 Spencer Street, Birmingham, Chester 1909
C.V into a rectangle
Charles Vale, Henry Vale & Rowland Sermon trading as Vale Brothers & Sermon,

silversmiths and electroplate manufacturers, 12 Bartletts Building, London and 27 Spencer Street, Birmingham,
Chester 1909 hallmark
CW mark, Charles Wright, London 1772
CW
Charles Wright,
London 1772 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
CW into two conjoined circles mark, Charles Wallis, London 1853
CW into two conjoined circles
Charles Wallis,
London 1853 hallmark
CW into a rectangle with cut upper corners mark, not identified, London 1927
CW into a rectangle with cut upper corners
not identified,
London 1927 hallmark
C W into two squares mark, Charles Weale, Birmingham 1920
C W into two squares
Charles Weale,
entered 1902
Hockley Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1920 hallmark
C.W mark, Charles Wilkes, Birmingham 1931
C.W
Charles Wilkes,
Mott Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1931 hallmark
CW&S mark, Charles Westwood & Sons, Birmingham 1904, image courtesy Robert Massart CW&S mark, Charles Westwood & Sons, Birmingham 1904, image courtesy Robert Massart
CW&S
Charles Westwood & Sons,
Hall Street, Birmingham
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
CW Co mark, Cronin & Wheeler, Birmingham 1847
CWCo
Cronin & Wheeler,
Birmingham 1847 hallmark
C.W.F mark, Charles William Fletcher, Sheffield 1913 C.W.F mark, Charles William Fletcher, Sheffield 1927
C.W.F into an oval
Charles William Fletcher,
Sterling Works, Bramhall Lane, Sheffield
Sheffield 1913 hallmark


Sheffield 1927 hallmark
CWQ mark, Charles William Quesnel, Jersey
CWQ
Charles William Quesnel,
Jersey
C.W.S.D into an oblong rectangle mark, Charles Washington Shirley Deakin, Birmingham c. 1855
C.W.S.D into an oblong rectangle
Charles Washington Shirley Deakin,
Regent Place, Birmingham
entered 1854
Birmingham c. 1855
CWS Ld  mark, Cooperative Wholesale Society Ltd, Chester 1934
CWS Ld
Cooperative Wholesale Society Ltd,
Chester 1934
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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