HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

  created by Giorgio B. owner of
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: RC - RG
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
RC into an oval mark, Robert Calderwood, Dublin 1743
RC into an oval
Robert Calderwood
Dublin 1743 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
R.C into two conjoined ovals mark, Richard Cooke, London 1800
R.C into two conjoined ovals
Richard Cooke ,
entered 1799
London 1800 hallmark
R.C into an oval mark, Robert Chandler, Birmingham 1913
R.C into an oval
Robert Chandler
Birmingham 1913 hallmark
RC mark, Richard Crossley, London 1812
RC
Richard Crossley,
London 1812 hallmark
RC over a dot into a shield mark, Richard Comyns, London 1922
RC over a dot into a shield
Richard Comyns,
London 1922 hallmark
RC into a hexagon mark, R. Carr Ltd, Sheffield 1997
RC into a hexagon
R. Carr Ltd,
Carrs of Sheffield (Manufacturing) Ltd,
Hollbrook Avenue, Sheffield
Sheffield 1997 hallmark
RC over GS, Richard Crosley &  George Smith IV - courtesy Johnboy's Antiques Emporium, London 1810
RC over GS
Richard Crosley & George Smith IV ,
London 1810 hallmark
RD into a chamfered rectangle mark, Robert Victor Dumenil, London 1896 RD into a chamfered rectangle mark, Robert Victor Dumenil, London 1896
RD into a chamfered rectangle
Robert Victor Dumenil,
London 1896 hallmark
RD into two conjoined circles mark, Robert Dicker, London 1893
RD into two conjoined circles
Robert Dicker,
entered 1873
London 1893 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
R.D&Co into an oblong chamfered rectangle mark, R Davis & Co, Birmingham 1945
R.D&Co into an oblong chamfered rectangle
R Davis & Co,
entered 1944
Birmingham 1945 hallmark
R.E.A mark, Robinson, Edkins & Aston , Birmingham 1841
R.E.A
Robinson, Edkins & Aston ,
Birmingham 1841 hallmark
RE over EB into a quatrefoil mark, Rebecca Emes &  Edward Barnard , London 1812
RE over EB into a quatrefoil
Rebecca Emes & Edward Barnard ,
London 1812 hallmark
A predecessor silversmith of Edward Barnard & Sons Ltd, business still active in present days ... MORE....
R.E.S mark, Robert Edgar Stone, London 1937
R.E.S
Robert Edgar Stone,
London 1937 hallmark
R.E over W.E in script into a quatrefoil mark, Rebecca & William Emes, London 1808 R.E over W.E in script into a quatrefoil mark, Rebecca & William Emes, London 1808
R.E over W.E in script into a quatrefoil
Rebecca & William Emes,
a temporary partnership lasted only three months between Rebecca Emes (widow of John Emes) and his brother in law William Emes
London 1808 hallmark
RF into a rectangle mark, Richard Ferris, Exeter 1802
RF into a rectangle
Richard Ferris,
Exeter 1802 hallmark
R.F into a shield mark, Rupert Favell, London 1885
R.F into a shield
Rupert Favell,
entered 1879
London 1885 hallmark
RFF into a circle mark, Robert Frederick Fox, London 1914
RFF into a circle
Robert Frederick Fox,
London 1914 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
RFM in script intertwined mark, R F Mosley & Co Ltd -Robert Fead Mosley-, Sheffield 1909
RFM in script intertwined
R F Mosley & Co -Robert Fead Mosley-,
Portland Works, Randall St, Sheffield. Mark entered in 1907
Sheffield 1909 hallmark
R.F.M into a shield, a circle and a lozenge mark, R F Mosley & Co -Robert Fead Mosley- , Sheffield 1896
R.F.M into a shield, a circle and a lozenge
R F Mosley & Co -Robert Fead Mosley- ,
Sheffield 1896 hallmark
R.F.M into three conjoined circles  mark, Robert Fead Mosley & Co, Sheffield 1942
R.F.M into three conjoined circles
Robert Fead Mosley & Co,
Sheffield 1942 hallmark
RG in script under a crown mark, R & S Garrard & Co -Robert Garrard II-, London 1827
RG in script under a crown
R & S Garrard & Co -Robert Garrard II- ,
London 1827 hallmark

A business founded by John Wickes in 1722 and still active in present days ... MORE....
RG mark, Robert Green -possibly-, Chester 1914 RG mark, Robert Green -possibly-, Chester 1914
RG
Robert Green -possibly-,
Chester 1914 hallmark
R.G mark, Robert Garrard, London 1810
R.G
Robert Garrard I,
London 1810 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
A business founded by John Wickes in 1722 and still active in present days ... MORE....
RG over & S mark, Robert Gray & Son, Glasgow 1837
RG over &S
Robert Gray & Son,
Robert Gray began to work in Glasgow 1776 when he became a freeman. He opened a new business in 1802 under the style Robert Gray & Son. The firm used the Edinburgh Assay Office until 1819, after which and until 1852 their work was assayed exclusively in Glasgow.
Glasgow 1837 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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