HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: J& -JA
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
(click on the photo to enlarge image)
J&C into a shield  mark, Jones & Crompton -Edward Samuel Jones & Hubert Crompton-,  Chester  1908
J&C into a shield
Jones & Crompton -Edward Samuel Jones & Hubert Crompton-
Chester 1908 hallmark
J&Co mark, Joseph Jennens & Co, Birmingham 1875
J&Co
Joseph Jennens & Co
Birmingham 1875 hallmark
J&PD mark, not identified, Glasgow
J&PD
not identified
Glasgow 1853 hallmark
J&RG  mark, J & R Griffin -Joseph & Richard Griffin- , Chester 1916 J&RG  mark, J & R Griffin -Joseph & Richard Griffin- , Chester 1916
J&RG
J & R Griffin -Joseph & Richard Griffin-
Chester 1916 hallmark
J&T gothic into three squares mark, Jenkins & Timm , Sheffield 1896
J&T gothic into three squares
Jenkins & Timm
23 Orchard Lane, Sheffield. Mark entered in 1892
Sheffield 1896 hallmark
J&T into three squares mark, Jenkins & Timm , Sheffield 1928
J&T into three squares
Jenkins & Timm
Pensilvia Works, Solly Street, Sheffield. Mark entered in 1900
Sheffield 1928 hallmark
J&WM mark, James & William Marshall, Edinburgh 1835
J&WM
James & William Marshall
William Marshall was apprentice of David Downey from 1791. Freeman in 1802. Held as apprentice George Crichton (freeman 1845)
Edinburgh 1835 hallmark
JA 'elephant' A mark, James Allan, Madras - INDIA c. 1815
JA 'elephant' A
James Allan
Madras - INDIA c. 1815 hallmark
JA into a rectangle mark, Joseph Angell I, London 1818 JA into a rectangle mark, Joseph Angell I, London 1818 JA into a rectangle mark, Joseph Angell I, London 1818
JA into a rectangle
Joseph Angell I
entered 1811
London 1818 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
J.A mark, James Allen, Birmingham
J.A
James Allen
Birmingham hallmark
J.A into two circles mark, oseph Angell II, London 1856 J.A into two circles mark, oseph Angell II, London 1856
J.A into two circles
Joseph Angell II
London 1856 hallmark
J.AC into an oval mark, James Adam Chalk, London 1866
J.AC into an oval
James Adam Chalk
London 1866 hallmark
J A over F into a trefoil  mark, John A Fetter, Glasgow 1907
J A over F into a trefoil
John A Fetter
Glasgow 1907 hallmark
J.A over &star& I.A mark, Joseph & John Angell, London 1838
J.A over 'star' over I.A into a quatrefoil
Joseph & John Angell,
mark entered 1831
London 1838 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk
J.A over 'pellet' over J.A into a quatrefoil mark, Joseph Angell I & Joseph Angell II, London 1845 J.A over 'pellet' over J.A into a quatrefoil mark, Joseph Angell I & Joseph Angell II, London 1845 J.A over 'pellet' over J.A into a quatrefoil mark, Joseph Angell I & Joseph Angell II, London 1845
J.A over 'pellet' over J.A into a quatrefoil
Joseph Angell I & Joseph Angell II,
entered 1840
London 1845 hallmark
JA over JS into a quatrefoil mark, John Aldwinckle & James Slater , London 1882 JA over JS into a quatrefoil mark, John Aldwinckle & James Slater , London 1882
JA over JS into a quatrefoil
John Aldwinckle & James Slater ,
London 1882 hallmark
JAM without contour mark, not identified, Birmingham 1979 JAM without contour mark, not identified, Birmingham 1979
JAM without contour
not identified,
Birmingham 1979 hallmark
J over ASH over E into a pointed cross mark, Joseph, Albert, Horace & Ethelbert Savory, London 1879
J over ASH over E into a pointed cross
Joseph, Albert, Horace & Ethelbert Savory,
London 1879 hallmark
JA over TS into a quatrefoil mark, John Aldwinckle & Thomas Slater , London 1890
JA over TS into a quatrefoil
John Aldwinckle & Thomas Slater,
London 1890 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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