HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - LIST OF SILVERSMITHS
WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS



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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF NAMES
THE DIRECTORY NAMES
- C -
ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES

ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MAKER'S MARKS

MARKS' IMAGES
 A&
 AC
 AD
 AK
 AL
 AZ
 B&
 BB
 BC
 BO
 BP
 BZ
 C&
 CA
 CB
 CC
 CD
 CF
 CG
 CL
 CM
 CS
 CT
 CZ
 D&
 DB
 DC
 DL
 DM
 DZ
 E&
 EA
 EB
 ED
EE 
EH 
EI 
EO 
EP 
EZ 
F& 
FD 
FE 
FJ 
FK 
FZ 
G& 
GB 
GC 
GG 
GH 
GL 
GM 
GR 
GS 
GZ 
H& 
H& 
HA 
HB 
HC 
HE 
HF 
HL 
HM 
HU 
HV 
HZ 
 I&
 IG
 IH
 IL
 IM
 IZ
 J&
 JA
 JB
 JC
 JD
 JG
 JH
 JK
 JL
 JQ
 JR
 JR
 JS
 JS
 JT
 JZ
 K&
 KZ
 L&
 LB
 LC
 LZ
 M&
 MB
 MC
 MI
 MJ
 MZ
N& 
NZ 
O& 
OZ 
P& 
PK 
PL 
PZ 
QA 
QZ 
R& 
RB 
RC 
RG 
RH 
RK 
RL 
RQ 
RR 
RZ 
S& 
SB 
SC 
SI 
SJ 
SR 
SS 
SZ 
T& 
TC 
TD 
TG 
TH 
TN 
 TO
 TS
 TT
 TZ
 U&
 UZ
 V&
 VZ
 W&
 WA
 WB
 WB
 WC
 WC
 WD
 WE
 WF
 WG
 WH
 WL
 WM
 WM
 WN
 WR
 WS
 WS
 WT
 XZ
 YA
 YZ
 Z&
 ZZ
.
.

[B]=BIRMINGHAM   [C]=CHESTER   [D]=DUBLIN   [E]=EDINBURGH   [EX]=EXETER   [G]=GLASGOW    [L]=LONDON   [N]=NEWSCASTLE   [S]=SHEFFIELD   [Y]=YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE

SILVERSMITH'S NAME
                - C -

John CAFE [ L ]
A & G CAIRNCROSS [E]
Robert CALDERWOOD [ D ]
J William CALDICOTT - E BAKER & Son [ C ]
Thomas CALLOW & Son [ L ]
Mabel CAMBAGE [ E ]
A T CANNON Ltd [B]
R. CARR Ltd [ B ][ E ][S ] )
John Bodman CARRINGTON [ B ][ L ]
CARRINGTON & Co [ B ][ L ]
W.H. CARRINGTON & Co [ B ][ C ]
Albert CARTER [ B ]
William CARTER (possibly) [ L ]
William Walter CASHMORE [ B ]
William Walter CASHMORE [ B ]
CATCHPOLE & WILLIAMS [ L] )

James Barber, George CATTLE II & William North [Y]
James Adam CHALK [ L ]
Robert CHANDLER [ B ]
CHANTRY SILVERSMITHS LIMITED
CHAPLIN & Sons [ L]
JB CHATTERLEY & Sons Ltd [ B ][ E ][ L ]
J B CHATTERLEY & Sons Ltd [ B ]
CHAWNER & Co [ L ]
Henry CHAWNER [ L ]
Henry CHAWNER [ L ]
Mary CHAWNER [ L ]
Mary CHAWNER & George W ADAMS [ L ]
Thomas & William CHAWNER [ L ]
Thomas & William CHAWNER (possibly) [ L ]
Thomas & William CHAWNER [ L ]
George Heming and William CHAWNER [ L ]
William CHAWNER II [ L ]
William CHAWNER II [ L ]
Henry CHAWNER & John Emes [ L ]
CHELTENHAM & Co [B]
Colen Hewer CHESHIRE [ B ][ C ]
Alfred James CHESHIRE [ B ][ C ]
Charles CHESTERMAN II [ L ]
Harold CHILD [ L ]
John CHISHOLM -possibly- [ G ]
Alexander CLARK [ L ] [ S ]
Alexander CLARK & Co Limited [B][L][S]


Alexander CLARK & Co Limited [ B ][ L ]
Alfred CLARK [ L ]
Francis CLARK [ B ]
CLARK & SEWELL Ltd [ B ][ S ]
John CLARKE [ C ]
CLIFFORD Bros -possibly- [B]
John CLIFFORD (possibly) [ B ]
Stuart CLIFFORD [ L ]
John CLIFTON [ C ]
Douglas CLOCK Co Ltd [ B ]
John COAKLEY [ C ]
Frank COBB & Co Ltd [ S ]
COCKS & BETTRIDGE [ B ]
A COGHILL [ G ]
William COGHILL [ G ]
Albert COHEN & Charles Solomon [B][S]
COHEN & CHARLES -Albert Cohen & Charles Soloman- [ C ]
Theodor COHN for Asher & Co [ L ]
Ebenezer COKER [ L ]
Stephen COLEMAN [ L ]
COLLETT & ANDERSON [ L ]
J COLLYER Ltd [ B ])
COLLINGWOOD & Co [ L ]
COLLINGWOOD & Co [ L ]
Daniel George COLLINS [ S ]
W H COLLINS & Co [ G ]
COLLINS & COOK [ B ][ C ][ S ]
Johannes COMBRINK [CAPE]
Charles & Richard COMYNS [ L ]
Richard COMYNS [ L ]


William COMYNS [ B ][ L ]
CONSTANTINE & FLOYD [ B ]
CONSTANTINE & FLOYD LTD [ B ]
Joseph COOK & Son Ltd [ B ][ C ][ L ]
Charles COOKE [ L ]
Elizabeth COOKE [ L ]
Richard COOKE [ L ]
Isaac COOKSON [ N ]
COOPER Brothers [ S ]
COOPER BROS & Sons [S]
H.J. COOPER & Co Ltd [ B ][ C ][ L ]
Robert COOPER [ L ]
Thomas COOKE II & Richard Gurney or Richard Gurney & Co [ S ]
COOPERATIVE WHOLESALE SOCIETY Ltd [B][C]
John CORFIELD [ B ]
William Richard CORKE [ L ]
Augustine COURTAULD [ L ]
Louisa COURTAULD & George Cowles [L]
Samuel COURTAULD I [ L ]
Frederick COURTHOPE [ L ]
COURTMAN SILVER Ltd [ B ][ L ]
Louisa Coultauld & George COWLES [L]
John Yeomans COWLISHAW [ S ]
CPS Jewellery Company Ltd [ B ] )
Joseph CRADDOCK [ L ]
Joseph CRADDOCK & William K. Reid [ L ]
John CRAMER [ L ]
Matthew CRAW [ E ]
James CRAWFORD [ N ]
Hugh CRAWSHAW [ S ]
Saint Arnaud CREAKE [ S ]
Sebastian CRESPEL II [ L ]
Paul CRESPIN [ L ]
James & Nathaniel CRESWICK -T.J. & N. Creswick [ L ][ S ]


CRESWICK & Co -Thomas, James & Nathaniel Creswick- [ S]
James CRITCHLEY [ C ]
David CRICHTON RAIT [ E ][ G ][ S ]
George CRICHTON [Perth][ E ]
Lionel Alfred CRICHTON -Crichton Brothers / Crichton & Co- [ C ][ L ]
J. CRICHTON & Co - possibly - [E]
James CRICHTON [ G ]
George & Michael CRICHTON [ E ]
William CRIPPS [ L ]
CRISFORD & NORRIS [ B ][ C ] )
Frederick CROCKFORD & Charles Hickson - Mappin Brothers [ S ]
E. CROFTON [ D ]
CRONIN & WHEELER [ B] )
Wheeler & CRONIN -Mary Wheeler & James Bartholomew Cronin- [ B ]
CROPP & FARR [ B ][ C ] [ L ]
Richard CROSSLEY [ L ]
Richard CROSSLEY & George Smith IV [ L ]
John CROUCH [ L ]
John CROUCH I & Thomas Hannam [ L ]
Joseph CULLEN [ D ]
William CUMMINS [ D ]
George CUNNINGHAM [ E ]
William CUNNINGHAM II - possibly- [ E ]
William & Patrick CUNNINGHAM [ E ]
Joseph CUTLER [C]



HISTORY, INFORMATION AND MARKS OF FAMOUS BRITISH SILVERSMITS






|DUTY MARKS|    |LEOPARD'S HEAD|    |LONDON MARKS|    |WOMEN SILVERSMITHS|    |PSEUDO HALLMARKS|    |IMPORT MARKS|    |CONTEMPORARY MARKS|    |JOURNEYMAN MARKS|    |HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS|    |OLD ADVERTISEMENTS|    |FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES|    |ARTICLES ON ENGLISH SILVER|   


The hallmarking of British sterling silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of origin and age of each piece.
Follow this link to learn HOW TO READ ENGLISH/BRITISH STERLING SILVER MARKS

This is the combination of marks used to assay silver:

Town mark, corresponding to the hallmark of the Assay Office which verified the piece


London town mark    Sheffield town mark    Birmingham town mark    Newcastle town mark    Dublin town mark    Edinburgh town mark    Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifying the silver quality

lion passant: 1598-1820    lion passant: after 1820    Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718


Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

examples of maker's mark


Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office

London date letter 'a' London date letter 'a'


A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty


Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1784 Sovereign head: duty mark George III, 1795 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1822 Sovereign head: duty mark George IV, 1825 Sovereign head: duty mark William IV, 1835 Sovereign head: duty mark Victoria, 1838






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