HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF SILVER MAKERS MARKS: A& - AC
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
& AC into a quatrefoil mark, Asprey&Co Limited, London 1955
&ACo over Ltd into a quatrefoil
Asprey&Co Limited,
London 1955 hallmark....MORE....
& C co into three conjoined circles  mark, Collingwood & Co , London 1928 & C co into three conjoined circles  mark, Collingwood & Co , London 1928
& C co into three conjoined circles
Collingwood & Co,
46 Conduit Street-Bond Street, London
Founded by Joseph Kitching in 1817 became Collingwood & Son, then Collingwood & Co (1876), Collingwood Ltd (1924)
London 1928 hallmark
& over H over s into a shield mark, not identified, London 1931
& over H over s into a shield
not identified,
London 1931 hallmark
& over W.B over S into a quatrefoil  mark,William Base & Sons, Birmingham 1922
& over W.B over S into a quatrefoil
William Base & Sons,
Birmingham 1922 hallmark
& over WW into a trefoil mark, Wakely &  Wheeler, London 1910 & over WW into a trefoil mark, Wakely &  Wheeler, London 1978 chronology of Wakely & Wheeler marks
& over WW into a trefoil
Wakely & Wheeler,
A London silversmith firm whose origin go back to 1791, when John Lias began in business as a buckle-maker. In 1818 he took as his partner his son Henry Lias I and they were joined from 1823 to 1837 by another son, Charles. Henry Lias I and his son Henry Lias II were partners from 1850. In 1879 Henry Lias II formed a firm with James Wakely. In 1884 the firm consisted of James Wakely and Frank Wheeler, becoming Wakely & Wheeler in 1909. In 1957 the business was acquired by Padgett & Braham Ltd....
MORE....

London 1910 hallmark


London 1978 hallmark
A&Co into a pentagon  mark, Asprey&Co Limited, Chester 1905
A&Co into a pentagon
Asprey&Co Limited,
Chester 1905 hallmark
....MORE....
A&CoLtd  mark, Asprey&Co Limited, Birmingham 1928 A&CoLtd  mark, Asprey&Co Limited, Birmingham 1928
A&Co Ltd into a shaped rectangle
Asprey&Co Limited,
Birmingham 1928 hallmark....MORE....
A&CoLtd  mark, Asprey&Co Limited , London 1936 + King's Jubilee A&CoLtd  mark, Asprey&Co Limited , London 1910
A&CoLtd
Asprey&Co Limited
,
A business which is supposed to have been established in 1781 at Mitcham, Surrey, by Willian Asprey (died 1827). The business was continued by Francis Kennedy (1804), Kennedy & Asprey (1841-1843), Charles Asprey (1843-1872), Charles Asprey & Son (1872-1879), Charles Asprey & Sons (1879-1888), C & G.E. Asprey (1888-1900), Asprey (& Co) (1900-1909), Asprey & Co Ltd (from 1909)....MORE....
London 1936 + King Jubilee hallmark

London 1910 hallmark
A&D into a chamfered rectangle mark, Allen & Darwin -Charles James Allen & Sidney Darwin-, Sheffield 1906
A&D into a chamfered rectangle
Allen & Darwin -Charles James Allen & Sidney Darwin-,
Portland Works, 55 Arundel Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1906 hallmark
A & G.C ,A & G Cairncross,  Edinburgh 1968
A& G.C
A & G Cairncross,
Edinburgh 1968 hallmark
A&JZ  mark, A & J Zimmerman Ltd, Birmingham 1905
A& J.Z
Arthur & John Zimmerman or A & J Zimmerman Ltd,
registered in May 1885. Had three addresses : Regent Place, Birmingham, Lozells Street, Birmingham and Hall Road, Birmingham
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
A& over  JZ into a shield mark, Arthur & John Zimmerman or A & J Zimmerman Ltd , Birmingham 1902
A& over JZ into a shield
Arthur & John Zimmerman or A & J Zimmerman Ltd ,
Birmingham 1902 hallmark
A&aLLd  mark, Adie & Lovekin Ltd, Birmingham 1904 A&aLLd  mark, Adie & Lovekin Ltd, Birmingham 1904
A&LLd
Adie & Lovekin Ltd,
Birmingham 1904 hallmark
A & N over C.S.L into a lobed contour mark, Army & Navy Cooperative Society Ltd, London 1907 A & N over C.S.L into a lobed contour mark, Army & Navy Cooperative Society Ltd, London 1907
A & N over C.S.L into a lobed contour
Army & Navy Cooperative Society Ltd
London 1907 hallmark
A&O mark, Atkin & Oxley: Henry Atkin & John Oxley, Sheffield 1840
A&O
Atkin & Oxley: Henry Atkin & John Oxley,
Eyre Street, Sheffield
Sheffield 1840 hallmark
A&S  mark, Aston & Son , Birmingham 1859 A&S  mark, Aston & Son , Birmingham 1859
A&S
Aston & Son ,
Birmingham 1859 hallmark
AB into rectangle mark, Abraham Brownett, London 1864
AB into rectangle
Abraham Brownett,
entered 1863
London 1864 hallmark
AB into an oval mark, A. Beardshaw & Co , Sheffield 1912
AB into an oval
A. Beardshaw & Co,
Sheffield 1912 hallmark
AB into a trapezium mark, Amanda Birkett, London 2005
AB into a trapezium
Amanda Birkett,
born 1957
London 2005 hallmark
A.B& C.o  mark, A Bromet & Co, Birmingham 1905
A.B& C.o
A Bromet & Co,
Jewin Street, London
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
AB&Co  mark, Albert Baker & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1909
AB&Co
Albert Baker & Co (1898) Ltd,
Listed in 1901 as tobacco manufacturers at 65 Holloway Road, London. Out of business in 1939
Birmingham 1909 hallmark
AB&s into a shield mark, Andrew Barrett & Sons, Birmingham 1892 AB&s into a shield mark, Andrew Barrett & Sons, Chester 1919
AB&S into a shield
Andrew Barrett & Sons,
Piccadilly, London
Birmingham 1892 hallmark


Chester 1919 hallmark
AB&ss into a shield mark, Andrew Barrett & Sons, Birmingham 1911
AB&ss into a shield
Andrew Barrett & Sons,
Birmingham 1911 hallmark
A B D into three conjoined circles mark, not identified, London 1936
A B D into three conjoined circles
not identified,
London 1936 hallmark
A.B over G.B   mark, Alice and George Burrows, London 1808
A.B over G.B
Alice and George Burrows,
London 1808 hallmark
A.BROS Ld  mark, Atkinson Brothers Ltd , Sheffield 1899
A.BROS Ld
Atkinson Brothers Ltd ,
Sheffield 1899 hallmark
A BROS LTD mark, Adie Brothers Ltd , Birmingham 1960 A BROS LTD mark, Adie Brothers Ltd , Birmingham 1952 A BROS LTD mark, Adie Brothers Ltd, Birmingham 1957
A BROS LTD
Adie Brothers Ltd
,
The firm was incorporated in 1906 joining the firms of McKewan & Adie (manufacturing jewellers, gold and silversmiths) and E.S. Barnsley & Co (box and packing case makers). The firm was controlled by Percy Adie until WWII and afterwards by Tony Adie and Frank Taylor. In the 1960s the firm became part of British Silverware and closed in 1968
Birmingham 1960 hallmark

Birmingham 1952 hallmark + Coronation mark

Birmingham 1957 hallmark
AB.S into a rectangle mark, Adey Bellamy Savory, London 1830
AB.S into a rectangle
Adey Bellamy Savory
,
mark entered in 1826
London 1830 hallmark
A Bs into two separate squares mark, Ahronsberg Brothers, Birmingham 1893
A Bs into two separate squares
Ahronsberg Brothers ,
Birmingham 1893 hallmark
AC mark, A Coghill, Glasgow 1847
AC
A Coghill,
Glasgow 1847 hallmark
AC into two conjoined circles mark, Alfred Clark, London 1913
AC into two conjoined circles
Alfred Clark,
London 1913 hallmark
AC into a wavy round contour mark, Albert Carter, Birmingham 1945 AC into a wavy round contour mark, Albert Carter, Birmingham 1945
AC into a wavy round contour
Albert Carter,
Vicarage Works, 40 Frederick St, Birmingham,
Birmingham 1945 hallmark
AC into two separate squares mark, not identified , London 1986
AC into two separate squares
not identified ,
London 1986 hallmark
A.C into a shield mark, Alexander Clark, entered Oct 1894 - The Alexander Clark Manufacturing Company, entered May 1898, Sheffield 1898
A.C into a shield
Alexander Clark, entered Oct 1894
The Alexander Clark Manufacturing Company, entered May 1898
,
Sheffield 1898 hallmark
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AC & Co mark,  Cohen & Charles -Albert Cohen & Charles Solomon- , Chester 1896 AC & Co mark,  Cohen & Charles -Albert Cohen & Charles Solomon- , Birmingham 1895
A.C &Co into an oblong chamfered rectangle
Cohen & Charles -Albert Cohen & Charles Solomon-, firm established in 1890 in Vyse Street, Birmingham, with offices at 11 Thavies Inn, Holborn, London. In 1958 took over S.J. Rose & Sons (incorporated in the company in 1974).
Chester 1896 hallmark

Birmingham 1895
A.C &Ss over Ld mark, A C & Sons Ltd, London 1971 A.C &Ss over Ld mark, A C & Sons Ltd, London 1971
A.C &Ss over Ld
A C & Sons Ltd,
London 1971 hallmark
AC co over ld  mark, Alexander Clark & Co Limited , Birmingham 1902 AC co over ld  mark, Alexander Clark & Co Limited , Sheffield 1937
AC co over ld into an oval
Alexander Clark & Co Limited,
Business established in 1891 in London by Clift Alexander Mawer Clark known as Alexander Clark. The firm became The Alexander Clark Manufacturing Co in 1898 and The Alexander Clark Co Ltd in 1912
Birmingham 1902 hallmark

Sheffield 1937 hallmark


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A.C.H mark, not identified, London 1951
A.C.H
not identified,
London 1951 hallmark
AC over MCo into a shield mark, Alexander Clark & Co Limited, Sheffield 1901
AC over MCo into a shield
Alexander Clark Manufacturing Co,
Sheffield 1901 hallmark
courtesy www.acsilver.co.uk

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BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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