HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER DIRECTORY
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

  created by Giorgio B. owner of
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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ALPHABETICAL LISTING OF MARKS: WG-WL
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| DUTY MARKS | LEOPARD'S HEAD | LONDON MARKS | WOMEN SILVERSMITHS | PSEUDO HALLMARKS | IMPORT MARKS |
| CONTEMPORARY MARKS | HERALDRY & FAMILY CRESTS | OLD ADVERTISEMENTS | FACTORIES & SHOPS: OLD IMAGES |
  [B] = BIRMINGHAM    [C] = CHESTER  [D] = DUBLIN  [E] = EDINBURGH  [EX] = EXETER  [G] = GLASGOW   
[L] = LONDON  [N] = NEWSCASTLE   [S] = SHEFFIELD   [Y] = YORK
(lower-case letter denote smaller ones but they may be capital letters)
CLICK ON THE YELLOW NAME FOR MAKER'S MARK IMAGE and ON THE GREEN NAME FOR INFORMATION



WG (William Garrard [ L ]) entered 1739
WG (William Ged [ E ]) 18th c./1st half
WG gothic under a crown (William Gould [ L ]) mid 18th c.
WG into a penthagon (William Gough -Gough & Silvester- [ B ]) mid 19th c.
WG (William Gwillim [ L ]) mid 18th c.
W.G in script (William Grundy [ L ]) entered 1748
W.G into two conjoined circles (William Gould [ L ]) entered 1748
W.G into two conjoined circles (William Gardener Groves [ L ]) entered 1909
WG over & into a shield (Wilson & Gill [ L ]) mid 20th c.
WG&S into a shield (William Gallimore & Sons [ S ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
WG&S (William Greenwood & Sons [ B ] ) 20th c./1st half
W.G&S (William Greenwood & Sons [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
WGJ (William George Jamieson [ L ]) 19th c./2nd half
WG over JL (Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co -William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman- [ L ]) 19th c./2nd half
WG over JL into a shield (Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co: William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman [ L ]) 19th c./2nd half
W.G over J.L into a shield (Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co: William Gibson & John Lawrence Langman [ L ][ S ]) 19th c./2nd half
WG over JLL (William Gibson & John Laurence Langman (of Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co)...trading as Mappin Bros [ B ][ L ][ S ] ) end 19th c.
W.G.K (W G Keight or W G Keight & Co [ B ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
WGL into an oval (Willem Godfried Lotter [CAPE] ) 1820 c.
WGM into an oblong rectangle (Walter & George Myers [B] ) 19th c./2nd half



W.G.S &Co (W G Sothers & Co [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
W.G.S Ltd (W G Sothers Ltd [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
WH in script (William Homer [ D ]) 18th c./2nd half
WH (William Holmes [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
WH into a rectangle (William Hall [ L ]) entered 1795
WH (Wang Hing & Company [HONG KONG] ) beginning 19th c.
WH (William Hannay (possibly) [ E ] ) beginning 19th c.
WH (William Hope [ EX ]) 19th c./1st half
WH into a chamfered rectangle (William Hunter [L]) entered 1841
WH into an oval (William Horton [ B ]) mid 19th c.
WH into two conjoined circles (Walter Hands - possibly [ B ][ C ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
WH (William Hornby [ L ]) 20th c./1st half
W.H (William Hannay [ G ]) 19th c./1st half
W.H into an oval (W M Hayes [ B ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
W.H into a half oval (William Harrison [ B ][ C ]) beginning 20th c.
W.H without frame (William Harrison [ C ]) entered 1907
W.H into two conjoined circles (William Harris -possibly-[ B ]) end 19th c.
WHC into an oval (W.H. Carrington & Co [ B ][ C ]) 19th c./2nd half
W.H.C without contour (W H Collins & Co [ B ][ G ]) 20th c./1st half
WHD into a shield (W H Darby & Sons Ltd [ B ]) 20th c./2nd half
W HE O into a rectangle (not identified [ L ]) 1831
WHH (William Hair Haseler [ B ]) 19th c./2nd half - beginning 20th c.
W.H.H (W H Haseler Ltd [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
WH and JWH (William Henderson and James W. Howden [ E ]) 19th c./1st half
WHL (not identified [ EX ]) 1836
WHL into a chamfered rectangle (W.H. Leather & Son [ B ]) entered 1920
W.H.L (W H Lyde [ B ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
W.H.L into a chamfered rectangle (William Henry Leather [B][C]) 20th c./1st half
W.H.M into an oblong rectangle (W H Manton Ltd [ B ]) entered 1956
WHM into three squares (W H Manton Ltd [ B ]) entered 1930
w over ss H ld over & (William Hutton & Sons Ltd [ B ][ C ][ L ][ S ] ) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
W.H.S into a six sides polygon (William Henry Sparrow- H Williamson Ltd [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
WHS into a shield (Searle & Co [ L ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
W.H.T into a rectangle (W.H. Twentyman [ INDIA ]) c.1820
W H W in three separate squares (W H Weston -possibly- [ B ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
W.H.W into a rectangle (Walter H Willson Ltd [ L ]) 20th c./2nd half
W.H.W (W H Wakefield [ B ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
WI under two stars over a fleur de lys (David Williaume I [ L ]) entered 1697
WI into a rectangle (William Jury [ L ]) entered 1760
W.I.S into three conjoined circles (William John Salt [ L ]) 19th c./2nd half
WJ into a rectangle (William Jamieson [ E ]) 19th c./1st half
WJ (W Jenkins [ G ]) 19th c./2nd half
W.J (W Jennings [ B ]) 19th c./2nd half
W.J (William Johnson [ L ]) 19th c./1st half
WJ&S into a chamfered rectangle (W Jackson & Son [ L ]) entered 1905
WJ over B over MS over RD into a shield (Walter, John, Michael, Stanley Barnard & Robert Dubock [ L ]) entered 1896
WJ over B over MS into a shield (Walter, John, Michael, Stanley Barnard [ L ]) entered 1903
W.J.D into an oblong chamfered rectangle (William James Dingley [ B ]) end 19th c./20th c.
W.J.H (William James Holmes [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
WJM over &Co into a shield (W J Myatt & Co Ltd [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
WJMcD (W J McDonald [ E ]) 19th c./2nd half
WJ over PD (Jackson & Deere -William Henry Jackson & Peter Henderson Deere- [ L ]) 19th c./2nd half
W.J.R (W J Rodgers [ B ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.



WK (William Key [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
W.K (William Kinman [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
WK (William Knight II or William King [ L ]) 19th c./1st half
WK (William Kingford [ L ]) mid 19th c.
W.K & Co into an oval (not identified [ B ]) 1932
W.K.R into two circles (William Ker Reid [ L ]) 19th c./1st half
WK over SK (William & Samuel Knight [ L ]) 19th c./1st half
WI gothic (William Justus [ L ]) 18th c./1st half
W.I &S (W Inman & Son [ B ]) 20th c./1st half
WL (William Law [ D ]) 18th c./2nd half
W.L (William Laver [ L ]) 18th c./2nd half
W.L (William Lister [ N ]) 19th c./1st half
W.L into an oval (W Leuchars [ L ]) 19th c./2nd half
W.L & Co (William Lock & Co [ B ]) end 19th c./beginning 20th c.
WL over &S into a shield (Walter Latham & Son [ S ]) 20th c./1st half
WL over & over Sns into a lozenge (W Lister & Sons [ S ]) 20th c./1st half
WL over CL over WL (Lister & Sons [ N ]) mid 19th c.
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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