HALLMARKS OF ENGLISH SILVER
MAKER'S MARK IDENTIFICATION - ILLUSTRATED LISTING

WITH THE ADDITION OF SCOTTISH, IRISH, CHANNEL ISLANDS AND COLONIES SILVERMITHS

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BRITISH SILVERSMITHS - ILLUSTRATED LISTING OF MARKS: HV - HZ
ALPHABETICAL LISTING
OF SILVERSMITHS' NAMES
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
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(click on the photo to enlarge image)
HV over AV into a shield mark, Henry Vander &  Arthur Vander, London 1907
HV over AV into a shield
Henry Vander & Arthur Vander - CJ Vander -
Betterton Street, Drury Lane, London
London 1927 (Britannia Standard) hallmark (entered 1904)

CJ VANDER: HISTORY - MARKS - INFORMATION
H.V.P.&Co mark, H V Pithey & Co, Chester 1910
H.V.P. over &Co into a shield
H V Pithey & Co

Chester 1910 hallmark
H.W mark, Lee & Wigfull -Henry Wigfull-, Sheffield 1917
H.W
Lee & Wigfull -Henry Wigfull-

Sheffield 1917 hallmark
H.W cutting in no surround mark, Arthur Hamill Westwood, Birmingham 1962
H.W cutting in no surround
Arthur Hamill Westwood

Birmingham 1962 hallmark
HW mark, Henry Wilkinson, London 1879 HW mark, Henry Wilkinson , Sheffield 1923
HW into a rectangle
Henry Wilkinson
John Street, Sheffield
London 1879 hallmark



Sheffield 1923 hallmark
HW into a quatrefoil mark, not identified, London 1858
HW into a quatrefoil
not identified

London 1858 hallmark
HW into a rectangle mark, not identified, Birmingham 1882 HW into a rectangle mark, not identified, Birmingham 1882
HW into a rectangle
not identified

Birmingham 1882 hallmark
HW over & Co into a quatrefoil mark, Henry Wilkinson &  Co, Sheffield 1873
HW over & Co into a quatrefoil
Henry Wilkinson & Co

Sheffield 1873 hallmark
The founder of the firm was J. Winter in 1760c. In 1829 the firm was active as Henry Wilkinson & Co and in 1872 was converted into a limited liability company under the style Henry Wilkinson & Co Ltd. In 1892 the firm was acquired by Walker & Hall.

HENRY WILKINSON HISTORY AND INFORMATION PAGE
HW over &  Co into a shield mark, Henry Wilkinson &  Co, Sheffield 1851 HW over &  Co into a shield mark, Henry Wilkinson &  Co, Sheffield 1877
HW over & Co into a shield
HW over & Co into a shield

Henry Wilkinson & Co

Sheffield 1851 hallmark


Sheffield 1877 hallmark

HENRY WILKINSON HISTORY AND INFORMATION PAGE
H over W&Co over Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Horace Woodward & Co Ltd, London 1915 H over W&Co over Ld into a quatrefoil mark, Horace Woodward & Co Ltd, Birmingham 1910
H over W&Co over Ld into a quatrefoil
Horace Woodward & Co Ltd,
London 1915 hallmark
Birmingham 1910 hallmark

The firm was established in mid 19th century by George Cartwright and Joseph Hirons under the style Cartwright & Hirons. In 1853 they were joined by Horace Woodward and the style changed to Cartwright, Hirons & Woodward. In 1859 the firm became Cartwright & Woodward and in 1865 the business was continued by Horace Woodward under the style Horace Woodward & Co. In 1893 the firm was converted into a limited liability company under the style Horace Woodward & Co Ltd. The company was acquired by Adie Brothers Ltd in 1919.

HORACE WOODWARD HISTORY AND INFORMATION PAGE
H.W.D into three circles mark, Henry William Dee, London 1875 H.W.D into three circles mark, Henry William Dee, London 1875
H.W.D into three circles
Henry William Dee
entered 1867
London 1875 hallmark
H.W.Ld  mark, Henry Williamson Ltd , Sheffield 1909 H.W.Ld  mark, Henry Williamson Ltd , Sheffield 1911
H.W.Ld  mark, Henry Williamson Ltd , Birmingham 1905 H.W.Ld  mark, Henry Williamson Ltd , Birmingham 1905
H.W.Ld  mark, Henry Williamson Ltd, Chester 1914
H.W.Ld. or H-W-Ld
Henry Williamson Ltd
Sheffield 1909 hallmark
Sheffield 1911 hallmark
Birmingham 1905 hallmark
Chester 1914 hallmark
Business established in London by Henry Williamson in 1865. The firm was converted in 1892 into a limited liability company under the style H. Williamson Ltd. The firm went into liquidation in 1898 and was acquired by a new company of the same name. In the 1920s the firm had financial difficulties, culminating into a reorganization of their affairs in 1929 and went out of business in the 1930s.
H W Ltd into three squares mark, not identified, Sheffield 1899
H W Ltd into three squares
not identified

Sheffield 1899 hallmark
BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS
The hallmarking of British silver is based on a combination of marks that makes possible the identification of the origin and the age of each silver piece manufactured or traded in the UK. The marks are:

Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece
London town mark Sheffield town mark Birmingham town mark Newcastle town mark Dublin town mark Edinburgh town mark Glasgow town mark

Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality
lion passant: 1598-1820 lion passant: after 1820 Britannia and lion's head erased: from 1697 to 1718
Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office (usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith)

Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office
London date letter 'a'
A further mark was used in the period 1784 - 1890:
Sovereign head ('duty mark'), certifying the payment of the duty
Sovereign head: duty mark from 1784 to 1890
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